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BJU US History Chapter 11
Terms in this set (49)
What impact did the cotton gin have on slavery?
it reduced the number of slaves needed to clean cotton, but increased the demand for slaves as field hands
How did the Erie Canal prove itself to be a great investment?
it paid for itself in tolls in less than ten years and the cost of shipping goods plunges
Where was Unitarianism most popular?
with the wealthy and prominent leaders of eastern society - especially in New England
What was one weakness of the "New Measures" of revival?
The overemphasis on man's ability in conversion
Who built the first textile mill in America?
Who invented the steel plow?
Who invented the reaping machine?
Who is known for his cotton gin?
Who is known for his steamboat?
Who urged New York to begin building the Erie Canal?
Who invented the telegraph?
Who was William Lloyd Garrison?
abolitionist editor of the Liberator
Who was Nat Turner?
leader of a slave rebellion in Southampton County, VA
Who was the very eloquent former slave who wrote and spoke about his experiences?
What former slave made trips to the South to lead other slaves to freedom?
Who was Horace Mann?
a public education who was head of the Massachusetts Board of Education
Who taught generations of Americans rules for living as well as rules for grammar in his series of elementary readers?
What woman is known as being a reformer for insane-asylums?
What is Robert Owen known for?
New Harmony Utopia
Who is the Father of American Methodism?
Who was the founder of the African Methodist Episcopal Church?
Who is credited as being the founder of modern revival methods?
Who was the founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints?
Who was the founder of the Mormon "capital" of Salt Lake City?
What new production method did Eli Whitney use to make standardized rifles?
What can the government grant an inventor to protect his rights to an invention?
What was the fasted type of sailing ship ever built?
What was a circuit rider?
a Methodist minister who traveled on horseback to the small frontier settlements in his region
At what college did Timothy Dwight encourage revival?
What was America's first major industry?
What was the main reason the South fell behind the North in developing industry?
Reliance on cotton exports for income
Why were roads so common nearly America when travel by boat was much cheaper?
roads were the only way to reach landlocked areas
What was America's first economically successful railroad?
Baltimore & Ohio
What event was heralded by the words, "What hath God wrought"?
1st intercity telegraph message
What wrong motive lay behind public education in America?
educators believed they could solve society's problems
What important area of reform did the Seneca Falls Convention pass resolutions to support?
What early type of painting tried to copy the balanced, restrained styles of Europe?
What famous architect helped design the US Capitol?
Who became famous for writing short stories and poems that explore the darker side of human nature?
Edgar Allen Poe
What revival affected the entire nation in the early 19th century?
Second Great Awakening
What religion was popular among prominent Patriots like Thomas Paine?
Where was the greatest camp meeting revival held?
Cane Ridge Revival
List three characteristics of the "New Measures".
anxious bench, protracted meetings & judgement of God
What sect became America's largest denomination by 1840?
What biblical teaching was misused by Baptist minister William Miller?
second coming of Christ
What group was persecuted because the men took more than one wife?
What was the 1st revival to be led primarily by laymen?
Prayer Meeting Revival
Why did the invention of the cotton gin increase the differences between the South and the rest of the nation?
1. It made growing cotton even more profitable resulting in a revitalization of slavery when it had been dying out in the rest of the nation
2. The high value of cotton hampered Southern industrial development because as profits from cotton grew, many southerners saw little use in developing industry and transportation networks like the rest of the nation was doing
Compare/Contrast Unitarianism and transcendentalism.
Unitarianism - denies the Trinity and the deity of Christ; believe Jesus was only a man and his death provides no atonement for sin; teach men should live moral and upright lives to please God
Transcendentalism - is more liberal and unbiblical in its philosophy; denies the miraculous; puts man in the place of God teaches that man is good and perfectible
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