"The Latin West, 1200 - 1500"

Terms in this set (53)

(1) The disease spread out of Asia through the Mongol invasion as well as through trade contacts. The population explosion of the 13th century was reversed with the enormous death rates in plague-stricken areas. (2) It started with a headache. Then chills and fever, maybe nausea, vomiting, back pain, soreness in arms and legs. Perhaps bright light was too bright to stand. Within a day or two, the swellings appeared. There were hard, painful, burning lumps on the neck, under arms, on inner thighs. Soon they turned black, split open, and began to ooze pus and blood. They may have grown to the size of an orange. (3) The demand for people to work the land was so high that it threatened the manorial holdings. Serfs were no longer tied to one master; if one left the land, another lord would instantly hire them. The lords had to make changes in order to make the situation more profitable for the peasants and so keep them on their land. In general, wages outpaced prices and the standard of living was subsequently raised. As a consequence of the beginning of blurring financial distinctions, social distinctions sharpened. The fashions of the nobility became more extravagant in order to emphasize the social standing of the person wearing the clothing. The peasants became slightly more empowered, and revolted when the aristocracy attempted to resist the changes brought about by the plague. In 1358, the peasantry of northern France rioted, and in 1378 disenfranchised guild members revolted.