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74 terms

African American Music

Quiz 1
STUDY
PLAY
Antiphony
call and response
Bebop
fast tempo jazz
Gullah
Descendants of slaves living in the Sea Islands
Harlem Renaissance
Starting in the 1920s. Many people starting it were francophones coming from Paris.
Middle Passage
Triangular trade from Africa, the New World and Europe
Minstrel Show
Started white people dressing as black people to make fun of them. Soon black people started
Spiritual
Religious song that combines European and African culture. Sang by the black southern community
Syncretism
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Fisk Jubilee Singers
Started by students at Fisk University, which was began as an African American University. They were meant to support the University. Started singing traditional hymns, then switched to Spirituals
Acculturation
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Banjo
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Call and Response
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Creole
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Field holler or cry
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La calinda
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patting juba
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play-party
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polyrythm
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arranged/concert spiritual
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call-response
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contemporary gospel music
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folk spiritual
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gospel music
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ring shout
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spiritual
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traditional gospel music
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transitional gospel music
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bend
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blue note
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blues "purist"
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blues scale
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boogie-woogie
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Civils Rights Movement
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Folksong movement
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Griot
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Hillbilly Records
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Jim Crow laws
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Race records
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Racial segregation
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Riff
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Rock 'n' roll
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rockabilly
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skiffle
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slide or bottleneck guitar
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soul music
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twelve-bar blues
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Michael Bloomfield
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Paul Butterfield
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John Cephas and Phil wiggins
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W.C. Handy
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B.B. King
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Gertrude "ma" Rainey
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Bessie Smith
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Muddy Waters
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Mamie Smith
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Marian Anderson
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Richard Allen
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Thmas Dorsey
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Syncopation
Stressing the Offbeat
Reny Shout Counter
Clockwise Circle Dance
Thmas "Daddy" Rice
White Creator of "Little Black Samboon and Zip Coon" - Minstrel Shows
Bert Williams
Light Skinned who became one of the best paid/most famous black minstrels - Really famous - Jackie Robinson of Show Business
Cake Walk
Black dance that made fun of how whites dance
TOBA
Theater Owner Booking Agency - White ran organization designed to take advantage of black performers - Tough On Black Asses
George L. White
1st President of Fisk
Blues Music
Folk Music started by African Americans - Trained Informally
Robert Johnson
Sold his soul to the devil because he was so good at blues - black artist - very very talented, but only after he "went away" for a year - 12 - Bar Blues
Rev. Richard Allen
Founder of AME - Changed the hymns
Lening Out
Teaching songs to people who can't read
12 - Bar Blues Form
Basic Blues progression
Devil's Interval/Blue Note
Flat 3rd, 5th or 7th
Mavis Staples
Gospel Singer
Bernice Rayon
Gospel Singer?
Gospel/Blues
One of first blending of African Americans and European influenced music?