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Basic cell organelles, their functions and their descriptions
Terms in this set (22)
Command center containing DNA, and hereditary material, also is a round oval, with a double membrane, and largest organelle.
Condensed area of chromatins in the nucleus, produces RNA to make ribosomes.
Nuclear Membrane (Nuclear Envelope)
Big tray, which protects nucleus, covered with protein porous.
Flower like structure, which allows things to move in or out.
Also called plasma membrane or a "fluid mosaic", composed of phospholipids, and protein, separates cell material from the cell environment.
Porous, Contains fibers, and allows for movement, and is very stiff.
Cell's jelly like filing with lots of chem reactions, and is made of water
Makes enzymes, and proteins, has a two part structure, but does not have a membrane, and looks like white dots
Membrane bound tube sac, Rough ER has ribosomes surrounding it, producing proteins, and Smooth ER produces lipids.
Membrane bound spherical sacs, packs proteins, and is surrounded by vesicles.
Stores energy in atp bundles, inside it, has a folded membrane, is responsible for cellular respiration, the cristae is the line things, and the matrix is the fillings.
Oval shaped, with double membrane, containing chlorophyll, with little discs to capture sunlight. Individual disc = Thylakoid, Columns are Grana, and Fluid is stroma.
Fluid filled (water/waste/food), and membrane bound
Has a Bounded membrane, is round and sac-like with lots of dots in it, transports waste, breaks down cell components, filled with digestive enzymes, and is made by the rough ER.
Membrane bound vesicles, located in liver, strong enzymes, smaller than lysosomes, and detoxifies alcohol, and toxic waste.
Has 3 kids of interconnected fibers holding things together, fibrous, and near membranes, maintains cell shape, organelle position, and has great mechanical strength.
Is 2 of 3 filaments of the cytoskeleton (Actin and Myosin), small, long thin thread like strands, allows movement of cell membrane.
Is 1 of 3 filaments of the cytoskeleton, rod like cylindrical tubes, is the spindle fibers in mitosis, and helps with cell divisions, comes in 9 groups of three surrounding the centrosome.
No membrane, with centrioles, and near nucleus, provides spindle fibers in cell division, and coordinates cell division.
Short tubules, with a wave like motion, located in trachea, responsible for cleaning and clearing.
Long tubules with a whip like motion, helps with movement of cells, and is usually found in sperm cells.
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