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the judicial process whereby evidence is presented by two 2 opposing parties to an impartial judge or jury
Code of Hammurabi
one of the earliest-known sets recorded laws, written by King Hammurabi of Babylon
the concept that monarchs and their successors derived their power to rule from God and were accountable only to God
Great Laws of Manu
Indian laws compiled between 1280 and 800 BCE, previously transferred through oral tradition
* Habeaus Corpus
a court order designed to prevent unlawful arrest by ensuring that anyone detained is charged before a court within a reasonable amount of time
Rule of Law
a principal of justice stating that the law is necessary to regulate society, that law applies equally to everyone , and that people are not governed by arbitrary power
Trial by Oath Helping
requiring friends of the accused to swear on the bible that he or she was innocent
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