26 terms

Law in Society - Chapter 1

Adversarial System
the judicial process whereby evidence is presented by two 2 opposing parties to an impartial judge or jury
travelling courts
Case Law
a method of deciding cases based on recorded decisions of similar cases
Circuit Judges
judges of travelling courts
Code of Hammurabi
one of the earliest-known sets recorded laws, written by King Hammurabi of Babylon
Code of Li k'vei
a set of Chinese laws written around 350 BCE
arranged and accorded systematically
Common Law
law that developed in English courts; relies on case law and is common to all people
Divine Right
the concept that monarchs and their successors derived their power to rule from God and were accountable only to God
Great Laws of Manu
Indian laws compiled between 1280 and 800 BCE, previously transferred through oral tradition
* Habeaus Corpus
a court order designed to prevent unlawful arrest by ensuring that anyone detained is charged before a court within a reasonable amount of time
Justinian's Code
the clarification and organization of Roman law commissioned by Justinian 1
* Magna Carta
a charter of political and civil rights signed in 1215 at Runnymede in England
Mosaic Law
biblical or Hebrew law found in the book of exodus
Napoleonic Code
the civil law of France completed in 1804 (also called the French Civil Code)
Quebec Civil Code
the system of law used in Quebec for resolving private matters
* Restitution
payment made by the offender to the victim of a crime
justice based on vengeance and punishment
Rule of Law
a principal of justice stating that the law is necessary to regulate society, that law applies equally to everyone , and that people are not governed by arbitrary power
Rule of Precedent
applying a previous decision to a case that has similar circumstances
Stare Decisis
a Latin phrase meaning "To Stand By The Decision"
Ten Commandments
laws given to Moses to guide the Hebrew people
The Great Binding Law
the constitution of the Iroquois Conferacy
Trial by Combat
determining guilt or innocence by having the parties fight a duel
Trial by Oath Helping
requiring friends of the accused to swear on the bible that he or she was innocent
Trial by Ordeal
requiring a person to undergo torture to determine guilt or innocence