17 terms

Directional Terms

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anatomical position
To stand erect with arms at the sides and palms of the hands turned forward
supine position
lying on the back, face up
prone position
lying on abdomen, facing downward
Superior
above; toward the head
Inferior
below, away from the head
Cephalic
pertaining to the head
Caudal
pertaining to the tail
Anterior (ventral)
front
Posterior (dorsal)
back
Proximal
Closer to the point of attachment
Distal
away from the point of attachment
Medial
Toward the midline of the body
Lateral
away from the midline, to the side
Superficial (external)
toward or on the surface of the body
deep
Away from the body surface; more internal
Axial
pertaining to the head, neck, and trunk
Appendicular
Relating to limbs and their attachments to the axis