11 terms

Master Choreographers

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Ronald K. Brown (Alive)
Mentored with Judith Jamison. Studied at Mary Anthony. Incorporated styles of Martha Graham.

"Evidence"- A dance troupe Brown created and named after the first dance he choreographed.

Toured Cuba an international/national places.

Traditional and ritual themes. Humanistic- struggles, tragedies, and triumphs. Mixture of Cuban, South African, modern, and folklore.

Personal life vs. dancing for someone else.

Body isolation and tempo changes.

3 most famous works: Grace (1999), One Shot/ Rhapsody in Black and White (2007), and Four Corners (2012).

Has received many awards.
Pina Bausch (Dead)
Born in Germany. Times of the war affected her choreography.

Started dancing at age 14 and studied at Folkwang School under Kurt Joos (school had the best of the best dance teachers during pre-Hitler period).

Creating Tanztheatre- broke wall of theatre and dance- fusion between the two.

Most famous works: The Rile of Spring (1975), Carnations (1982), Cafe Muller (1985).

Died from lung cancer.

Inspired David Bowie and American Horror Story.

Used relationships to emphasize choreography.

Movement: Physicalization of body (movement of the body), relationship between body and mind, post modernism style, contrast with movement.
Merce Cunningham (Dead)
Born in Centralia, Washington. Started as a tap dancer at a young age.

Studied with Maude Barrett. Attended George Washington University. Joined the Martha Graham Dance Company.

In 1953, he created the Merce Cunningham Dance Company.

Collaborated with other artists.
"Chance"- Technique used as a choreographic device.
Created his choreography separate from his music.
Abstract Movement.
Used computer animation programs to choreograph in the 1990s.

Famous Work: Inlets (1978)
Bill T. Jones (Alive)
Born in Bunnell, Flordia. Started dancing later. Huge family, very poor, migrants- moved according to the crops).

Bjorn Amelan- Spouse. Went to Bighamton University. Died of Aids.

Avnie Zan- partners merged with live arts.

Tested the boundaries of modern dance.

Addresses subjects such as racism and aids. Choreography consisted of lots of contact, improving, and speaking.

Famous Works: D-Man in the Water (1989)- consisted in women lifting men, Still Here (1994), Last Supper at Uncle Tom's Cabin (1990).

Received many awards (2 Tony awards, a Bessie, and an Off-Broadway theatre award).
Pearl Primus (Dead)
Born in Trinidad- Port of Spain
At the age of 2, she moved to New York.
Studied biology at Hunter College.
Auditioned for Hunter College Dance Group.

Gave herself a solo recital in 1943, which led her to a Broadway engagement.

Made her own company in 1944. Created the Pearl Primus Language Dance Institute.

Ph.D in anthropolgy- African and Caribbean studies.

Started directing and teaching at Hunter college.

Style- Modern, African, and Caribbean movement.

Famous works: Negro River (1944), Michael Row Your Boat Ashore (1979), and Strange Fruit (1945).
Mark Morris (Alive)
"Bad Boy of Modern Dance"
Born in Seattle, Washington.

Learned how to read music when he was young.
Moved to Spain at young age.

Studied with Verla Flowers and Perry Brunson.
Inspired by the José Greco Flamenco Company- to become a Spanish dancer.

Began as a professional dancer at age 11.
At age 14, he joined the Koleda Folk Ensemble and began choreographing.

Companies: Lara Lubovitch, Hannah Khan, Laura Dean, Eliot Field, Roleda Balkan Dance Ensemble.

Created the Mark Morris Dance Group.
Founded the White Oak Dance Project.

Predominate in ballet choreography. Musicality- "underrating in his devotion to music."
Famous works: The Nutcracker (1990), Grand Duo (1993), and L' Allegro il Penseroso Ed Il Moderato"

Death Dances- to carry on legacy
Movement Style- European folk dance, classical ballet, and modern
Open, raw, and authentic.
Eiko and Koma (Alive)
Eiko and Koma were law and political science students in Japan in 1971.

They joined the Tatsumi Hijikata company in Tokyo.
Their initial experimental collaboration developed into an exclusive partnership.

They studied with Kazuo Ohno, who along with Hijikata was the central figure in the Japanese avant-garde theatrical movement of the 1960s.

Moved to New York in 1976 where they performed their first piece "White Dance".

They have performed in theaters, Universities, museums, galleries, and festivals world-wide (American Dance Festival and Five Seasons at BAM's Next Wave Festival).

Recieved two "Bessies" (1984-1990) Guggenheim (1985), MacArthur (1996) and United States Artists (2006) Fellowships. They were honored to be among the first round of artists selected for the Doris Duke Performing Arts Awards (2012).

Famous Piece: Naked (2010)

Movement Styles: Slow, controlled
Confined
Imaginative
Stillness, shape
Light & sound
Pitiless yet humanistic
Trisha Brown (Died)
Studied in modern dance at Mills College in Oakland, California.

Yvonne Rainer and Trisha became founding members of Judson Dance Theater in 1962.

In the late 1960s Brown worked to defy gravity using ropes or harnesses to allow dancers to perform on walls.

In 1970, the Trisha Brown Dance Company (an all female dance company until 1979).

Postmodernist work, Pure movement, with and without the accompaniments of music and traditional theatrical space, combines rigorous structures and pedestrian movement. Avant-garde,
structured ballet movement and classical modern dance, embellished Pedestrian gestures


Brown received a MacArthur Foundation grant in 1991.
Brown has received numerous honorary doctorates and is an Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters.

Famous Works: Walking on the Wall (1970)
Set and Reset (1983)
Jawole Willa Jozollar (Alive)
From Kansas City, Missouri
One of 6 siblings
African culture- Jazz Style- African influence on modern.

Trained with Joseph Stevenson, a student of Katherine Dunham.

B.A. in dance from University of Missouri
M.F.A in dance from Florida State University.

"Urban Bush Woman" -Company

Used Women as a catalyst for social change->
Female body, racism, myths, Sexist stereotypes, post- modern conventions.
Science of hip hop. Catapults them over the rainbow.

Live music, vocalists during performances.

Movement style- free, powerful, wild, yet clean.
Movement represented religious traditions and folklore of African Diaspora.

Awards: honorary docurate (2002), dorris duke performing arts award (2013).

Famous works: Petal Primus and Walking With Pearl.
Roni Koresh (Alive)
Mother was a trained Yemenite folklore dancer who began to formally train Roni at a young age.
Began dancing with the Martha Graham's Batsheva 2 Dance Group.

Studied with Alvin Ailey School of Dance after moving to New York in 1983.

Performed with Simon Braun's Jazz Dance Company.

Founded Koresh Dance Company in 1991.
Has won several choreographic fellowships.

Style- Ballet/Jazz/Modern fussion pieces.
Earthy folk dance, emotionally direct, physically intense, and ostentatiously eccentric.

(Served in the ) Israeli army, which influenced his dancing.

Famous works: Sense of Human (2010) and Deconstructing Mozart (2016).
Bebe Miller (Alive)
Born in Brooklyn, New York.
Five years old when she started taking modern, and 13 years old when she started taking ballet at Carnegie Hall.

Was told that she did not fit in.
Graduated high school and went to Earlham College. Obtained her masters at Ohio State.

Her dance career started at Ohio State.
Six years dancing at Nina Weiner Dance Company.

Miller (1981) -her Dance company.

Professor at Ohio State University.

Won the rank of distinguished professor in Arts and Humanities (when she retired).

She focused on the relationships between dancers.
Humanist- dancer and human issues.
Racism, feminism, and identity.

Dances with fragments. Dances do not tell a story.

Undefined style- post-modernist.

Awards: 2 Bessies and Guggenheim Fellowship Award (1988).

Famous works: In a Rhythm (2017) and Going to the Wall (1998).