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Terms in this set (12)
"Small organs" of the cell that carry out specific functions
"Brain" of the cell, containing DNA, the code for all the proteins an organism can make.
Mitochondrion (pl: mitochondria)
"Powerhouse" or "Energy transformer." Site of cellular respiration (glucose is broken down to produce ATP, the cell's energy currency).
"Mail men," small membrane-bound sacs that transport materials around the cell and to cell membrane.
Enzyme-filled vesicle. Breaks down larger food molecules into smaller molecules; digests old cell parts and dangerous material.
Assembles amino acids into proteins.
Cell highway system that transports goods and materials throughout the cell. Rough ER has ribosomes attached, Smooth ER does not.
Golgi bodies (or apparatus)
"Postal Annex" of the cell. Modifies and processes proteins made by the cell and labels them for export.
Made of protein (microtubules and microfilaments) that gives cells shape and allows them to move and divide.
Cell (Plasma) Membrane
"Border control" controls what comes in and out of the cell; made of a phospholipid bilayer.
Jelly-like substance the cell organelles float in and where chemical reactions occur.
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