14 terms

Ch. 18 The Moral Virtues

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Cradinal Virtues
Four pivotal human virtues derived from the latin carbo, "pivot": prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance. The human virtues are stable dispositions of the intellect and will that govern our acts, order our passions, and guide our conduct in accordance with reason and faith!
Commutative Justice
regulates exchanges between persons and between institutions in accordance with a strict respect for their rights, i.e. fulfilling contracts
Distributive Justice
Regulates what the community owes its citizens in proportion to their contributions and needs
Fortitude
One of the four cardinal moral virtues which ensures firmness in difficulties and constancy in doing the good
General Justice
Steadfastly willing what is right with regards to society or the common good.
Insensebility
Purposeful deprivation of physical feeling or sensation
Intemperance
Lack of moderation or restraint; excess in any kind of action; excessive indulgence of any passion or appetite
Justice
The cardinal moral virtue which consists in the constant and firm will to give their due to God and to Neighbor.
Moderation
synonym or similar meaning to the word Temperance
Morality
goodness or evil of human acts; this of human acts depends on the object (or nature) of the action, the intention or end forseen, and the circumstances in which it takes place.
Prudence
The virtue which disposes a person to discerrn the good and choose the correct means to accomplish it. One of the cardinal moral virtues that dispose the Christian to live according to the law of Christ.
Restitution
The return of what has been unjustly taken from another
Temperance
The cardinal moral virtue that moderates the attraction of pleasure and provides balance in the use of created goods. It ensures the mastery of the will over instinct, and keeps natural desires within proper limits.
Virtue
A habitual and firm disposition to do the good.