Raleigh Diocese Confirmation 2014
Questions and answers for Confirmation candidates in the Catholic diocese of Raleigh NC
Terms in this set (51)
Define the mystery of the Trinity.
The Blessed Trinity is the central mystery of our Catholic faith. There are three Divine Persons in one God: the Father, the Son, & the Holy Spirit.
Where can we find the teachings of the Catholic Church?
They are in scripture, Tradition (precepts continuously passed down from the Apostolic Church to today) and the Magisterium.
What is the Magisterium?
It is the teaching authority of the Church.
What is Scripture and how do Catholics understand it?
It is the inspired word of God as found in the Bible and in human words.
What are the four Marks of the Church?
They are: One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic.
Explain the Mark of "One".
The Church is "One" because of 1) her source, Jesus invisible head in heaven 2) foundation & set of doctrines, 3) bonds of unity in Christ, 4) one visible head on earth, the Pope. (my addition)
Explain the Mark of "Holy".
The Church is "Holy" because she is 1) united with Christ who is all holy and 2) because Christ, through the Church, sanctifies all people making possible holiness in life. (Sacraments lead us towards holiness--my addition)
Explain the Mark of "Catholic".
The Church is "Catholic" because she is universal -- for all people in all times and in all places.
Explain the Mark of "Apostolic".
The Church is "Apostolic" because she can trace her teaching and authority back to the apostles and thus to Christ.
When did Jesus' disciples first experience the gift of the Holy Spirit?
The Holy Spirit came upon them on the feast of Pentecost, 50 days after Easter.
Describe the Pentecost event.
"When the time for Pentecost was fulfilled, they were all in one place together. And suddenly there came from the sky a noise like a strong driving wind & it filled the entire house. Then there appeared to them tongues of fire, which parted & came to rest on them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit & began to speak in different tongues..." (Acts 2:1-4)
List the first three commandments.
1. I am the Lord your God you shall not have strange gods before me.
2. You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain.
3. Remember to keep holy the Lord's day.
List the last 7 commandments.
4. Honor your father and mother.
5. You shall not kill.
6. You shall not commit adultery.
7. You shall not steal.
8. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
9. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife.
10. You shall not covet your neighbor's goods.
What are the three central teachings of our Church concerning the Blessed Virgin Mary?
There are 3 central teachings: 1) The Immaculate Conception
2) Perpetual Virginity and 3) Assumption .
Explain "The Immaculate Conception".
Mary was conceived without original sin.
Explain Mary's "Perpetual Virginity".
Mary remained a virgin: before, during and after the birth of Jesus.
Explain Mary's "Assumption".
Mary was assumed, body and soul, into heaven.
What is a sacrament?
A sacrament is an outward sign (visible) instituted by Christ to give grace.
Name the seven sacraments.
Seven sacraments are: Baptism, Confirmation, Holy Eucharist, Penance, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, and Matrimony.
Which sacraments are those of Initiation?
Sacraments of Initiation are: Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Eucharist.
Which sacraments are those of Healing?
Healing sacraments are: Anointing of the sick and Penance. (One heals the body, the other heals the soul.)
Which sacraments are those of Service?
Service sacraments are: Holy Orders, and Matrimony.
How is Christian Initiation brought about through the Sacraments?
Christian initiation is accomplished by means of the Sacraments which establish the foundation of the Christian life. The faithful born anew by Baptism are strengthened by Confirmation to become "soldiers for Christ", and nourished by the Holy Eucharist.
How does the Bishop confirm?
The Bishop extends his hands over the person to be confirmed & calls upon the Holy Spirit. He then confers the Sacraments by laying hands upon the head of each candidate, anointing the forehead with sacred chrism, and saying proper words.
What are the words the Bishop speaks to the candidate at Confirmation?
" (NAME), ... be sealed with the gift of the Holy Spirit."
Respond with: "Amen."
Bishop says: "Peace be with you."
Respond with: "And also with you."
What is sacred chrism and why is it used?
Sacred chrism is oil mixed with fragrance and consecrated by the Bishop; it is used for anointing in the Rite of Confirmation.
Why does the Catholic Church anoint its members?
Anointing, in Biblical and ancient symbolism, is rich in meaning: oil is symbol of abundance and joy; it also cleanses, limbers and heals, since it is soothing to bruises and wounds. Oil makes radiant with beauty, health, and strength.
Why does the Bishop anoint in the form of the cross?
The Bishop anoints the forehead I the form of a cross to remind us that we belong to Christ and that we must defend our faith with gratitude for Christ's redeeming death on the cross.
What is the Paschal Mystery?
Paschal mystery is Christ's work of redemption accomplished primarily by his Passion, Death, Resurrection, and glorious Ascension.
What are the two parts of the Paschal Mystery?
The two parts of the Paschal Mystery are: 1) by His death, Christ liberates (frees) us from sin, and 2) by His Resurrection He opens for us the way to new (eternal) life.
How is Christ present in the Eucharist?
Jesus Christ is present in the Eucharist in a unique and incomparable way. He is present in a true, real, and substantial way in His body, blood, soul, and divinity.
What is prayer?
Prayer is turning the heart to God. When a person prays, he enters into a living relationship with God.
What are the various ways to pray?
The ways to pray are: 1) vocal, 2) meditation, and 3) contemplative prayer. All three ways presuppose recollecting your mind and heart.
Name the Joyful mysteries of the Rosary.
Annunciation, Visitation, Nativity, Presentation in the Temple, and the Finding of the Child Jesus in the Temple.
Name the Sorrowful mysteries of the Rosary.
Agony in the Garden, the Scourging at the Pillar, the Crowning with Thorns, the Carrying of the Cross, and the Crucifixion & Death.
Name the Glorious mysteries of the Rosary.
Resurrection, Ascension, Descent of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost, Assumption of Mary, Crowning of Mary as Queen of Heaven.
Name the Luminous mysteries of the Rosary.
The Baptism at the Jordan, Miracle at Cana, Proclamation of the Kingdom, Transfiguration, and Institution of the Eucharist.
Name the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit.
1) Wisdom - know God's will for our lives
2) Understanding - enable us to appropriate the faith & make it our own
3) Knowledge - allows us to know God better, to have a personal relationship with Him
4) Fortitude - helps us to be courageous in defense of the faith
5) Counsel - aids us in making right judgements
6) Piety - assists us in being more prayerful, reverent, & holy
7) Fear of the Lord - to experience awe and reverence for God
Name the 12 fruits of the Holy Spirit.
12 fruits of the Holy Spirit are: charity, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, generosity, gentleness, faithfulness, modesty, self-control, and chastity.
What is conscience?
Conscience is our God-given capacity (ability) to understand the law of God written on the heart of every human being.
How do we develop a well-informed conscience?
In building our relationship with God, we form our conscience in harmony with the teachings of Christ through the Church and through fervent prayer. An upright and true moral conscience is formed by education and by assimilating the Word of God and the teaching of the Church. Its supported by the gifts of the Holy Spirit.
What is the Sermon on the Mount? Where is it found in Scripture?
The Sermon on the Mount is in Matthew chaps 5-7. It is the first public sermon given by Jesus Christ. It begins with the beatitudes by contains many other teachings on the life lived according to the will of God. This sermon teaches the way to true happiness.
What are the beatitudes?
There are eight beatitudes. Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of God. Blessed are they who mourn for they will be comforted. Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the land. Blessed are they who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be satisfied. Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy. Blessed are the clean of heart, for they will see God. Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called children of God. Bless are they who are persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of God.
What is mortal sin?
Mortal sin is a grave infraction of the law of God that destroys charity in the heart and constitutes a turning away from God. For a sin to be mortal, three conditions must be present: a grave matter (very serious), full knowledge, and full consent of the will.
What is venial sin?
Venial sin offends and wounds but does not destroy. It weakens charity; it manifests a disordered affection for created good; it blocks the soul's progress in the exercise of the virtues and the practice of the moral good. It warrants temporal punishment.
What are the seven corporal (bodily) works of mercy?
Corporal works of mercy help us to care for the physical and material needs of others in this world. They are:
1. Feed the hungry 2. Give drink to the thirsty
3. Clothe the naked 4. Shelter the homeless
5. Visit the imprisoned 6. Visit the sick
7. Bury the dead
What are the seven spiritual works of mercy?
Spiritual works are acts of love that help us to care for the needs of people's hearts, minds, and souls. They are:
1. Admonish the sinner 2. Instruct the ignorant
3. Counsel the doubtful 4. Comfort the sorrowful
5. Bear wrongs patiently 6. Forgive all injuries
7. Pray for the living & dead
Define the meaning of virtue.
Virtue is the power from God to accomplish some kind of moral good.
What are the four cardinal virtues?
The cardinal virtues are: prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance.
What are the three theological virtues?
The theological virtues are: faith, hope, and charity (love).
What are the seven themes of Catholic Social Teaching?
Catholic Social Teachings are:
1. Right to Life and dignity of all human persons
2. Call to family, community and participation
3. Rights and responsibilities
4. Option for the poor and vulnerable
5. The dignity of work and rights of workers
6. Solidarity, as in one human family
7. Care of God's creation