18 terms

American History Chapter 8

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Terms in this set (...)

Trusts
Legal bodies created to hold stock in many companies
Sherman Antitrust Act
First legislation passed in attempts to break up trusts - was largely ineffective
W.E.B. Du Bois
This prominent equal rights advocate was the first African American to receive a PhD from Harvard. He suggested that African Americans pursue "white-collar" jobs and demanded immediate social and economic equality
Kitty Hawk, North Carolina
Location of the Wright brothers' first successful flight
George Eastman
Inventor of the Kodak hand-held camera
Booker T. Washington
Believed African Americans should pursue "blue-collar" jobs in order to achieve gradual equality
Poll Tax
an annual tax that had to be paid before qualifying to vote
Grandfather Clause
if a man failed the literacy test and could not afford the poll tax, he was still able to vote as long as his father or grandfather had been eligible to vote before January 1 1867
Jim Crow Laws
racial segregation laws to separate white and black people in public and private facilities
Plessy v. Ferguson
1896, Supreme Court ruled that the separation of races in public accommodations was legal
Debt Peonage
A system that bound laborers into slavery in order to work off a debt to the employer
Sensationalism
A style of writing that exaggerated the news in order to "wow" readers and sell more newspapers
Realism
an artistic form that attempted to portray everyday life activities
Rural Free Delivery
the U.S. Post Office system that brought packages directly to every home
Frederick Olmstead
Landscape Architect who designed many public parks including Central Park in New York.
Photojournalism
job field created by Eastman's camera
Alexander Cartwright
recognized as the father of organized baseball
dime novels
inexpensive paperback novels of the nineteenth century