The Indus and Ganges River Valleys
What mountains separate India from the rest of the world?
What is a subcontinent?
a large landmass that juts out from a contenent
Name the bodies of water that surround India?
What is a monsoon?
a strong wind
Describe a winter monsoon?
comes from the northeast
Describe a summer monsoon?
comes from the indian ocean
What happens if the monsoon is late or weak?
crops die causing famine
What happens if the monsoon is brings too much rain?
What is the Hindu Kish mountain range?
a highway of migration
Where do great rivers begin?
in the montains
The Indus River crosses the Himalayas and empties into this body of water?
The Ganges River flows and empties into this body of water?
bay of bengal
Why is farming possible in northern India?
What two cities flourished in the Indus River Valley?
Where are Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro located today?
inndus river valley
What do the ruins of Mohenjo-Daro tell us about the ancient city? ***
it was very well planned
What is a citadel? ***
a fortress city
How did people live in Mohenjo-Daro?
merchants and crafts men
Why did people leave the Indus Valley?
not realy known
Who were the newcomers to the Indus Valley region?
What does Aryan mean? ***
What does migrate mean?
to move from one place to the olther
What helped the Aryans to gain power?
horse drawn chariots
Most of what we know about early Aryalife comes from the religious books. What are these books called? ***
What does the word Vedas mean? ***
The Aryans organized their society around three classes. Name these classes.
brahmans, warriors and nobles, artisans and merchants
What is a Brahman? ***
What is the caste system? Explain in detail. ***
strict division of classes, they perform specific tasks, they stayed in the same class as thier parents