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28 terms

The Indus and Ganges River Valleys

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What mountains separate India from the rest of the world?
himalayas
What is a subcontinent?
a large landmass that juts out from a contenent
Name the bodies of water that surround India?
indian ocaen
What is a monsoon?
a strong wind
Describe a winter monsoon?
comes from the northeast
Describe a summer monsoon?
comes from the indian ocean
What happens if the monsoon is late or weak?
crops die causing famine
What happens if the monsoon is brings too much rain?
floods
What is the Hindu Kish mountain range?
a highway of migration
Where do great rivers begin?
in the montains
The Indus River crosses the Himalayas and empties into this body of water?
arabian sea
The Ganges River flows and empties into this body of water?
bay of bengal
Why is farming possible in northern India?
the rivers
What two cities flourished in the Indus River Valley?
harappa mohenjo-daro
Where are Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro located today?
inndus river valley
What do the ruins of Mohenjo-Daro tell us about the ancient city? ***
it was very well planned
What is a citadel? ***
a fortress city
How did people live in Mohenjo-Daro?
merchants and crafts men
Why did people leave the Indus Valley?
not realy known
Who were the newcomers to the Indus Valley region?
aryans
What does Aryan mean? ***
noble,highborn
What does migrate mean?
to move from one place to the olther
What helped the Aryans to gain power?
horse drawn chariots
Most of what we know about early Aryalife comes from the religious books. What are these books called? ***
vedas
What does the word Vedas mean? ***
knowledge
The Aryans organized their society around three classes. Name these classes.
brahmans, warriors and nobles, artisans and merchants
What is a Brahman? ***
priests
What is the caste system? Explain in detail. ***
strict division of classes, they perform specific tasks, they stayed in the same class as thier parents