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Terms in this set (72)
adapting to one's current understandings to incorporate new information.
the transiiton period from childhood to adulthood
prejudice against older people
a progressive and irreversable brain disorder characterized by gradual deterioration of memory, reasoning, language, and physical functioning.
interpreting one's new experience in terms of one's exisiting schemass.
an emotional tie with another person
a disorder that appears in childhood and is marked by deficient communication, social interaction, and understanding of others' states of mind.
according to Erik, Erikson, a sense that the world is a predictable and trusthworthy.
the subjective experience of the appearance of one's body.
a common thought pattern during the beginning of the preoperational stage of cognitive development.
a special form of speech with an exaggerated and high-pitched intonation that adults use to speak to infacts and young children.
the number of months or years since an individual's birth
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
The development of processess of knowing, including imagining, perceiving, reasoning, and problem solving.
concrete operational stage
In Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development during which children gain the mental operations that enable them to think logically about concrete events.
the principle that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the sam edespite changes in the form of objects.
comfort derived from an infant's physical contact with the mother or caregiver
an optimal period shortly after birth when an organism's exposure to certain stimuli or experiences produces proper development.
a study in which people of different ages are compared to one another
one's accumulated knowledge and verbal skills
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive and socialchange throuughout the life span.
the chronological age at which most children show a particular level of physical or mental development.
In Piaget's theory, the preoperational child's difficulty taking another point of view .
the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertilization through the second month.
fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)
physical and cognitive abnormalities in children caused by a pregnant women's heavy drinking.
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth.
one's ability to reason speedily and abstractily
formal operational stage
In Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development during which people begin to think about abstract concepts.
frameworks for initial understanding formulated by children to explain their experiences of te world.
the biologically and socially influenced characterisitic by which people define male and female
one's sense of being male or female
a set of expected behaviorsfor males and for females
a commitment beyond one's self and one's aprtner to family, work, society, and future generations.
decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation.
one's sense of self
the process by which certain animals form attachments during a critical period very early in life.
according to Vygotsky, the process through which children absorb knowledge form the social context.
In Erikson's theory, the ability to form close, loving relationships; a primary developmental task in late adolescence and early adulthood.
the innate guidelines or operating principles that children bring to te task of learning a language
research in which the same people are restudied and retested over a long period.
biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior.
the first menestrual period
the time of natural cessation of menestruation
a system of beleifs and values that ensures that individuals will keep their obligations to others in society and will behave in ways that do not interfere with the rights and interests of others.
the debate concerning the relative importance of heredity (nature) and learning or experience (nurture) in determining development and behavior.
research efforts designed to decribe what is characterisitc of a specific age or developmental stage.
the awareness that things continue to exist even when not percieved.
a grammatical error, usually appearing during early language development
specific parenting behaviors that arise in response to particular parent goals
the manner in which parents rear their children
minimal units of speech in any given language that make meaningful difference in speech production and reception
the bodily changes, maturation, and growth that occure in an oranism starting with conception and continuing acrossthe life span.
In Piaget's theory, the stage during which a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operations of logic.
primary sex characteristics
the body structures (ovaries,testes, and external genitalia) that make sexual reproduction possible.
proposed by Erik Erikson, successive developmental stages that focus on an individual's orientation toward the self and others
the period of sexual maturation, during which a person becomes capable of reproducing
a baby's tendency, when touched on the cheek, to turn toward the touch, open the mouth, and search for the nipple.
a concept or framework that organizes and interprets information.
secondary sex characteristics
nonreproductive sexual characteristics such as (female breasts and hips, male voice quality, and body hair)
selective optimization with compensation
a strategy for successful aging in which one makes the most of gains while minimizing the impact of losses that accompany normal aging.
selective social interaction theory
the view that suggests that, as people age, they become more selective in choosing social partners who satisfy their emotional needs.
a sense of one's identity and perosnal worth
In Piaget's theory, the stage during which infants know the world mostly in terms of their sensory impressions and motor activities.
biologically based characteristics that distinguish males from females.
the culturally preffered timing of social events such as marriage, parenthood, and retirement.
the ways in which individuals' social interactions and expectations change across the life span.
lifelong process whereby an individual's behavorial patterns, values, standards, skills, attitudes, and motives are shaped to conform to those regarded as desirable in a particular society
the fear of strangers that infants commonly display.
agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach embryo or fetus during prenatal development and cause harm.
Theory of mind
people's ideas about their own and other's mental states about their feeling, perceptions, and thoughts and the behavior these might predict.
expertise in the fundamental pragmatics of life
the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell division and develops into an embryo.
Recommended textbook explanations
C. Nathan DeWall, David G Myers
C. Nathan DeWall, David G Myers
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