Chapter 6: The Southeast
Terms in this set (33)
A place where people or goods enter or leave a country
A person who signs an agreement to work for another person for a period of time
Trees that are cut for wood
An imaginary line marked by waterfalls where rivers flow from the piedmont down to the lower land of the Coastal Plain
Part of the year when the temperatures are warm enough for crops to grow
Horses, pigs, sheep, and cattle that are raised on a farm
High land at the foot of the Appalachian Mountains
A large farm or estate
What technology did the European explorers have that the Native Americans did not?
Guns and Steel armor
How does the National Weather Service help people prepare for a flood?
They alert people when the river rises
What body of water forms the eastern edge of the Southwest region?
How did gospel music from the South become popular across the country?
Radio programs broadcasted gospel music beginning in the 1920s.
Why is the coastal plain an ideal place to farm?
The land is flat, the temperatures are warm, and there is a lot of rainfall
What is the land of the piedmont region in the Southeast like?
Rolling hills covered with forests.
What was the major conflict between the North and South in the Civil War?
The conflict over slavery
What subject does Zora Neale Hurston cover in her books?
The African American experience
Where do alligators live in the Southeast?
Wetlands, rivers, and canals in Florida and Louisiana
How has the economy of Birmingham, Alabama changed recently?
Birmingham moved from an economy based on steel to one based on medical research and banking
What city is home to the busiest airport in the world?
Why is the growing season longer in the Southeast?
The warm climate makes the growing season long
Why is the red-cockaded woodpecker in danger of disappearing permanently?
The woodpecker depends on certain kinds of pine trees and many of these trees have been but down
What two cities were centers of rock and roll music in the 1950s?
Memphis and Nashville
What instrument do southerners in Appalachia have a tradition of making?
Why were the Cherokee forced to settle in territory that would become Oklahoma?
Settlers wanted the Cherokee land and the government forced the Native Americans to give up their land
How has the population of rural areas in the Southeast changed in the years since the Civil War?
Many people have moved from rural areas to cities
How is the Bluegrass region used in Kentucky?
People use the Bluegrass region to raise livestock and racing horses
How does a hurricane form?
Warm air from the ocean rises and comes in contact with the cooler air above. The temperature difference can cause strong winds.
What is the city of New Orleans known for around the world today?
Jazz and food
Besides being the fourth president of the US, what else is James Madison known for?
James Madison played an important role in creating the U.S. Constitution.
** What do people in the Southeast region do to prepare for floods?
People in the Southeast prepare for floods by building levees to stop water from flowing over the riverbanks. The National Weather Service lets people living near rivers know when the water rises. Volunteer groups may also put sand bags around the levees.
** What is a wetland?
Why are alligators in Florida and Louisiana in danger?
What could happen if the wetlands are destroyed?
Wetlands are areas that are sometimes covered with water. Wetlands include bogs, marshes, and swamps. The Southeast region has many wetlands.
People were killing too many alligators, but now alligator hunting is controlled.
If people destroyed the wetlands, the alligators that live there may not be able to get their needs met. Alligators depend on their habitats for food and shelter. Animals that do not get their needs met in their habitat go to another habitat or they die out.
** Describe two ways that life has changed for people in the Southeast since the end of the Civil War?
Most people in the Southeast region now live in cities instead of in rural areas.
The South moved from an economy based on agriculture to an economy based on industry. Birmingham, Alabama, for instance, was the center of the steel industry in the South for a long time. It is now a leader in medical research and banking.
** How did people in the Southeast contribute to the creation of jazz and gospel music?
African American musicians were largely responsible for creating jazz in New Orleans in the early 1900s. The music spread to other U.S. cities.
Gospel music started in southern black churches. In the 1920s, radio programs began broadcasting the music all over the country. Singer Aretha Franklin also made it popular.
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