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Arts and Humanities
AP lang and comp key terms
Terms in this set (77)
a narrative in which the characters, behavior, or setting demonstrate multiple levels of meaning. often an allegory is a universal symbol or personified abstraction.
ex: cupid portrayed as a chubby angel with a bow and arrow.
the sequential repetition of a similar initial sound, usually applied to consonants in close proximity of stressed syllables.
ex: she sells seashells by the seashore.
a literary, historical, religious, or mythological reference.
the regular repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of a successive phrase or clause.
the juxtaposition of sharply contrasting ideas in balanced or parallel words, phrases, grammatical structure, or ideas.
ex: Alexander Pope reminds us that "to err is human, to forgive is divine"
a concise statement designed to make a point or illustrate a commonly held belief.
ex: "spare the rod and spoil the child"
the act of addressing some inanimate abstraction or person that is not physically present: it often helps the speaker to be able to express his thoughts aloud.
appeals to...authority, emotion, or logic
rhetorical arguments in which the speaker claims to be an authority or expert int eh field, attempts to play upon the emotions, or appeals to the use of reason. (ethos, pathos, and logos)
the repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds usually in successive or proximate words.
ex: shE sElls seashElls by the sEashore
a syntactical structure in which conjunctions are omitted in a series usually producing more rapid prose.
ex: i came, i saw, i conquered.
the sense expressed by the tone of coice or the mood of a pieve of writing; the authors feelings towards his subject, characters, events, or theme.
begging the question
an argumentative ploy where the arguer sidesteps the question or the conflict, evading or ignoring the real question.
that which has been accepted as authentic.
a figure of speech and generally a syntactical structure wherein the order of the terms in the first half of a parallel clause in reversed in the second.
ex: he thinks i am but a fool, a fool, perhaps i am.
in argumentation, an assertion of something as fact.
a term identifying the diction of the common, ordinary folks, especially in a specific region or area.
comparison and contrast
a mode of discourse in which two or more things are compared contrasted or both.
a comparison of two unlikely things that is drawn out within a piece of literature in particular an extended metaphor within a poem.
the implied suggested or underlying meaning of a word or phrase.
the repetition of two or more consonants with a cange in the intervening vowels.
an accepted manner, model, or tradition.
an assessment or analysis of something such as a passage of writing, for the purpose of determining what it is, what its limitations are, and how it conforms to the standard of the genre.
the method of argument in which specific statements and conclusions are drawn from general principles, movement from the general to the specific.
the language and speech idiosyncrasies of a specific area, region, or group.
the specific word choice an author uses to persuade or convey tone, purpose, or effect.
writing or speech is didactic when it has an instructive purpose or a lesson.
a poem or prose work that laments, or meditates upon the death of, a person or persons.
in rhetoric, the repetition of a phrase at the end of successive sentences,
writing in praise of a dead person, monst often inscribed upon a headstone.
in rhetoric, the appeal of a text to the credibility and character of the speaker.
a speech or written passage in praise of a person; an oration in honor of a deceased person.
an indirect, kinder, or less harsh or hurtful way of expressing unpleasant information.
writing that explains its own meaning or purpose.
a series of comparisons within a piece of writing. if they consistently involve one concept, this is also known as a conceit.
figurative language has levels of meaning expressed through figures of speech such as personification, metaphor, hyperbole, irony, oxymoron, litote, and others.
(retrospection) an earlier event is inserted into the normal chronology of the narration.
a type or class of literature such as epic, narrative, poetry, biography, history.
a sermon, but more contemporary uses include any serious talk, speech, or lecture involving moral or spiritual life,
mode of discourse
point of view
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