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77 terms

CHAPTER 10

VOCABULARY
STUDY
PLAY
ABSCESS
localized collection of pus that will result in the disintegration of tissue over time.
ADRENAL
glands, located at the top of the kidneys, that produce steroid hormones.
ANTERIOR SEGMENT
those parts of the eye in the front of and including the lens, orbit, extraocular muscles, and eyelid.
ANTROTOMY
cutting threw the antrum wall to make an opening in the sinus.
APICECTOMY
excision of a portion of the temporal bone.
ASPIRATION
use of a neddle and a syringe to with-draw fluid
ANTIGMATISM
condition in which the refractive surfaces of the eye are unequal
AUDI
prefix meaning hearing
AUR
prefix meaning ear
AURAL ATRESIA
congenital absence of the external auditory canal
AUTOGENOUS,AUTOLOGOUS
from oneself
AXILLARY NODES
lymph nodes located in the armpit
BLEPHAR(O)
prefix meaning eyelid
CANNULATION
insertion of a tube into a duct or cavity
CATARACT
opaque covering on or in the lens
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
brain and spinal cord
CLOQUETS NODE
also called a gland;it is the highest of the deep groin lymph nodes
CONJUNCTIVA
the lining of the eyelids and the covering of the sclera
CONTRALATERAL
the opposite side
COR/O
prefix meaning pupil
CRANIUM
the part of the skeleton that encloses the brain
CYCL/O
prefix meaning ciliary body or eye muscle
DACRY/O
prefix meaning tear or tear duct
DACRYOCYST/O
prefix meaning pertaining to the lacrimal sac
EAR, PARTS OF THE EXTERNAL
auricle, pinna, ecternal acoustic, and meatus
EAR, PARTS OF THE INNER
vestibule, semicircular canals and cochlea
EAR, PARTS OF THE MIDDLE
malleus, incus, and stapes
ENUCLEATION
removal of an organ or organs from a body cavity.
EXENTERATION
removal of an organ all in one piece
EXOSTOSIS
bony growth
FENSESTRATION
creation in a new opening in the inner wall of the middle ear.
INGUINOFEMORAL
referring to the groin and the thigh
ISTHMUS
connection of two regions of structures
ISTHMUS THYROID
tissue conncetion between right and left thyroid lobes
ISTHMUSECTOMY
surgical removal of the isthmus
JUGULAR NODES
lymph nodes located next to the large vein in the neck
KERATO/O
prefix meaning cornea
KERATOPLASTY
surgical repair of the cornea
LABYRINTH
inner connecting cavities, such as the interna ear
LAMINECTOMY
surgical excision of the lamina
LYMPH NODE
station along the lymphatic system
LYMPHADENECTOMY
excision of a lymph node or nodes
LYMPHADENITIS
inflammation of a lymph node
LYMPHANGIOTOMY
incision into a lymphatic vessel
MASTOID
prefix meaning posterior temporal bone
MYRING
prefix meaning eardrum
OCUL/O
prefix meaning eye
OCULAR ADNEXA
orbit, extraocular muscles, and eyelid
OTO
prefix meaning ear
PARATHYROID
produces a hormone to mobilize calcium from the bones to the blood
PERIPHERAL NERVES
12 pairs of crainal nerves, 31 pairs of spinal nerves and automic nervous system; connects peripheral receptors to the brain and spinal cord.
POSTERIOR SEGMENT
those parts of the eye behind the lens
RETROPERITONEAL
behind the sac holding the abdominal organs and vicera
RHINOPLASTY
surgical repair of the nose
SALPHNG/O
prefix meaning tube
SCLERA
outer covering of the eye
SHUNT
divert of make an artificial passage
SINUSES
cavities within the facial bones (maxillary, frontal, sphenoid and ethmoid)
SKULL
entire skeletal framework of the head
SOMATIC NERVE
sensory or motor nerve that supplies a dermatome
SPLENECTOMY
excision of the spleen
SPLENOPORTOGRAPHY
radiographic procedure to allow visuailzation of the splenic and portal veins of the spleen
STEM CELL
immature blood cell
STEROTAXIS
method of identifying a specific area of point in the brain
STRABISMUS
EXTRAOCULAR MUSCLES DEVIATION RESULTING IN UNEQUAL VISUAL AXES
SYMPATHETIC NERVE
part of the peripheral nervous system that controls automatic body function and sympathetic nerves activated under stress
TARSORRHAPHY
suturing together of the eyelids
THORACIC DUCT
collection and distribution point for lymph, and the largest lymph vessel located in the cheast
THYMECTOMY
surgical removal of the thymus
THYMUS
gland that produces hormones important to the immune response
THYROGLOSSAL DUCT
connection between the thyroid and the pharnyx
THYROID
part of the endocrine system that produces hormones that regulate metabolism
THYROIDECTOMY
surgical removal of the thyroid
TRANSMASTOID ANTROSTOMY
called simple mastoidectomy, it creats an opeing in the mastiod for drainage
TRANSPLANTATION
grafting of tissue from one source to another
UVEAL
VASCUALR TISSUE OF THE CHOROID, CILIARY BODY AND IRIS
vitreo
prefix meaning pertaining to the vitreous body of the eye