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RELIG 205 Exam #1
Terms in this set (47)
American Indian Religious Freedom Act
1978 US law to guarantee freedom of religious practice for Native Americans
an academic term for the center of the world, which connects the earth with the heavens
famous lakota religious leader
mythic ancestor of the Navajo people who created the first humans
the basis of Navajo cermonial practice; includes chants, prayers, songs, and other ritual practice
religious resistance movements in 1870 and 1890 that originated in Nevada among Paiute peoples
a sacred structure of pueblo peoples
ancestors to the Navajo people, described in mythic narratives
Navajo conception of a spiritual force that inhabits every element of creation
Renewal dance of Yurok people
Pueblo spiritual beings
Rite of passage for young Navajo women
A Pomo woman who was well known as healer and basket weaver
native American church
a church founded in early twentieth century based on peyote religion
Hallucinogenic cactus used in many Native American religions
The Quiche Mayan book of creation
Comanche man who called for embrace of peyote religion
Aztec God and important culture hero in Mexico
rites of passage
rituals that mark the transition from one social stage to another
rites of renewal
rituals that seek to enhance natural processes, like rain or fertility, or enhance the solidarity of a group
a painting made with sand used by Navajo healers to treat ailments
Midsummer ritual common to many Native American religions; details vary across cultures.
a structure built for ritually cleansing and purifying the body
a typical conical structure of the tribes of the Great Plains which is often constructed with a sacred blueprint
an additional gender identity in many Native North American cultures; often thought to have special spiritual powers
a common figure in North American mythologies; trickster tales often teach important moral lessons
a ritual attempt by an individual to communicate with the spirit world
A Paiute man whose visions started the Ghost Dance of 1890
Theme: "The interconnectivity of all things in the natural world"
the elements of creation are often thought to share a common spiritual energy or sacred power
Theme: "Reciprocal relationships between humans other elements of the natural world, including the physical landscape"
each relies on and must care for the other, and all are part of a sacred whole
Theme: "Creators and sacred power"
believe in a supreme force or sacred power. this sacred power may be manifest in different ways
Theme: "Human beings originating in the Americas"
creation of humans differ among groups. some myths describe how humans were created, and others focus on how they came to live in a particular geographic locale.
Theme: "Historical experiences of colonialism, violence, and even genocide"
effects were disastrous, indigenous populations were devastated by disease and warfare, forced to move far away from their ancestral homelands, and sometimes enslaved or indentured to work for the colonists
What is a myth?
a powerful story containing sacred knowledge about the world, humanity, and the meaning of existence
What do religious myths do for Native Americans?
they have teachings about how to live properly and take care of the world
What is the creation myth of the Quiche Maya in the Popol Vuh
they tried to make humans three different times, first only made birds (gods wanted them to worship w spoken language so tried again), next figures out of mud and they melted away, third was out of wood but they were cruel and heartless (monkeys), finally they successfully made humans out of cornmeal and water
Three things about Columbus:
-wrote a book of prophecies
-deeply influenced by apocalyptic forms of christianity
-believed his actions could play a role in the second coming of Jesus
Who was Bartolome de las Casas?
-known as defender of Indians
-close with Columbus's family
-was not blind to the devastation done to Native Americans
What does Sioux mean?
seven council fires of the Lakota
What does the Black Hills mean?
the heart of everything that exists
What does Wakan Tanka mean?
all that is mysterious, sacred
What does Wakanpi mean?
individual gods and spirits who exercise power and control
-shamans can communicate with the wakanpi, through visions and dreams
Why did the colonists kill the buffalo?
they wanted to move west and to break the power of the Plaines tribes
-it forced tribes to depend upon government rations for survival, on small reservations
Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868
Red Cloud's War, guaranteed permanent possession of the Black Hills to the Lakota Sioux, prospectors and miners looking for gold broke the treaty
When was the first ghost dance?
When did the ghost dance resistance happen?
1870-1890.. ended at Wounded Knee
What year did the US government ban the Sun Dance
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