5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- a a person who is too eager to avoid danger, difficulty or pain.
They branded her a coward for informing on her colleagues during the interrogation.
eg:"I thought first we would take only Manila. Then Luzon. Then other islands, perhaps. I walked the floor of the White House many nights. More than once, I went down on my knees and asked God to help me decide.
"And one night," said McKinley, "It came to me this way: "That we could not give the Philippines back to Spain. That would be cowardly and dishonorable. We could not turn them over to France or Germany, our trading competitors in Asia. That would be bad business. We could not leave them to themselves.
They were not ready for self-government. So, there was nothing for us to do but to take them all. And to educate the Filipinos, to civilize them, and make Christians of them.
"With that decision," said McKinley, "I went to bed and slept well."
- b having an effect which is opposite to the one that is intended or wanted
Improved safety measures in cars can be counterproductive as they encourage people to drive faster.
eg:Israel says it is appropriating 400 hectares of Palestinian land in the occupied West Bank, possibly 1 of the biggest seizures for the Jewish state in decades.
Israel's army says it is declaring that the land is "state-owned" under orders from political leaders. It is in reaction to the kidnapping and murders of 3 Israeli teenagers in June in Bethlehem.
The U.S. State Department is calling the Israeli land takeover "counterproductive" in peace efforts and is asking Israel to reconsider.
Chief Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erekat is condemning the move as part of what he calls Israeli crimes against the Palestinian people.
eg:Thirty-eight-year-old Alexander Zakharchenko was sworn in as prime minister of the so-called Donetsk People's Republic.
Speaking in Vienna, United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon called the election "unfortunate and counterproductive." He said the situation in Ukraine remains an issue of great concern.
- c adj. of or relating to earthquakes or other vibrations of the earth and its crust
- d to think carefully about something, especially for a noticeable length of time.
She sat back for a minute to ponder her next move in the game.
eg:President Obama praised disabled military veterans as he officially opened a memorial in their honor earlier this month. The president said the new memorial recognizes two centuries of Americans who were physically or mentally injured while fighting for the United States.
"From this day forward, Americans will come to this place and ponder the immense sacrifice on their behalf, the heavy burden born by few so that we might live in freedom and peace."
- e 1.An inherent mental or physical power :her critical faculties
the faculty of sight
2. A group of university departments concerned with a major division of knowledge: the Faculty of Arts.the law faculty.
eg:"We deliberately invented a language that was almost devoid of many of the technical details that were present in other languages," said Kurtz.
BASIC translated English commands, such as IF...THEN, or GO...TO, into the numerical language computers could understand.
Kurtz said the response was overwhelming.
"Not only our students loved getting onto the computer any time they wanted to, for whatever purpose they wanted to, but even the faculty got interested. Of course not everybody, but many of them," he said.
2.(US)the people who teach in a department in a college.
eg: Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg recently surprised Chinese students when he spoke to them in Chinese. In a talk at Tsinghua University in Beijing, Zuckerberg spoke Chinese for about 30 minutes. Although his Mandarin was far from perfect, students and faculty cheered his effort.
5 Multiple choice questions
- n. a piece of rock or metal that burns and glows brightly in the sky as it falls from outer space into the Earth's atmosphere.
eg: The meteor was obliterated when it collided with the Moon.
- a statement that is added to what has already been said or decided, or an addition to a government bill (= a written plan for a law).
I should like to add a rider to the judgment of the court.
eg: For example, the United States Constitution gives the president power to veto bills passed by Congress. In the 1800s, Congress tried to prevent presidential vetoes. It used a method of attaching "riders" to legislative proposals. This is how the method works:
Congress considers a bill the president believes is necessary. Then it joins that bill to a measure the president would veto if passed separately. The extra measure is called a "rider" to the first bill. To get the bill he wants, the president must accept the "rider," too.
President Hayes refused to sign any bills with riders. So the Congress during his administration stopped using the method. Congresses since then have used it successfully.
- standing or sitting close together.
We stood huddled together for warmth.
eg:Give me your tired, your poor,
your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
the wretched refuse of your teeming shores.
Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,
I lift my lamp beside the golden door.
- as far as this or until now.
We haven't had any problems thus far.
eg: It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work for which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced.
- If an area is populated by people or animals, they live in that area.
The inner cities are no longer densely populated.
The river is populated mainly by smaller species of fish.
eg: The 1850s were an increasingly tense time in the United States. Most of the population lived east of the Mississippi River. But more and more people were moving west. As western areas became populated they became official territories, and then new states. The settlement of these areas once again raised the issue of slavery.
5 True/False questions
straightforward → a person who is not loyal or stops being loyal to their own country, social class, beliefs, etc.
eg:Most Democrats regarded him as a traitor who had jumped from the Jackson party and joined the Whigs, however temporarily."
rumoured → smooth and continuous.fluid movements.
Unlike their counterparts of past generations, students at the University of Southern California Annenberg School of Journalism learn to deliver news across all platforms, including television, radio and the Web. And that's not all, said Willow Bay, director of the School of Journalism.
"Today we expect journalists to be able to use all sorts of technological tools to research stories, to vet that research, to analyze that research. We expect them to be fluid in multimedia storytelling skills. We expect them increasingly to be their own marketing and distribution arms, to get their stories in front of audiences and to spread those stories as far as they can," said Bay.
turbulence → a state of confusion without any order.
The era was characterized by political and cultural turbulence.
There are signs of turbulence ahead for the economy.
eg:Of course, if the ruling party and government's governance deteriorates, or if they make major policy mistakes, no one can guarantee that a revolution will not break out. Besides, even if a nationwide upheaval can be avoided, fierce social turbulence might still arise locally. If the ruling party fails to cope with these outbursts, they could snowball into a revolution.
Forward Transactions → Transaction in the foreign exchange market may be either spot or forward.
prescribe → (of a doctor) to say what medical treatment someone should have
eg: If you are bitten by a snake,you should try to note its appearance so that the correct antidote can be prescribed based on what species of snake bit you.