5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- a to rise very quickly to a high level.
All night long fireworks soared into the sky.
Temperatures will soar into the eighties over the weekend say the weather forecasters.
House prices had soared a further twenty per cent.
eg:Apple's iPhone sales in China soared, increasing its revenue in the country 71 percent to $16.8 billion, although that was helped by gift-buying for Chinese New Year.
- b all the cases and bags that you take with you when you travel; luggage;eg: Please go ahead with the baggage. I will meet you at the ticket counter.
- c adj. of or relating to earthquakes or other vibrations of the earth and its crust
- d an area of a city, especially a very poor area, where people of a particular race or religion live closely together and apart from other people.
As a child she lived in one of New York's poorest ghettos.
eg:But what exactly is home? And how can war veterans feel good about returning to the United States? That is one of the reasons Mr. Junger and the three men went on their long walk. The movie shows them sleeping and cooking in the woods, bathing in rivers and dealing with changing weather conditions.
"(The) thing about (a) railroad line is, it goes straight through farms, woods, ghettoes, suburbs, inner city, industry -- it goes straight through the middle of everything. And on the way we were asking Americans that we met, how America was doing. 'How do you think America is doing? What's the thing you like best about this country? What do you like worst about it?' And we just did this 400-mile assessment of where my country's at right now, and where we are at."
Here, Mr. Junger speaks to a crowd.
"We're trying to figure out what the best thing about America is. What do you think? What do you think is the best thing about this country?"
"That you're free -- freedom of speech."
"Freedom of speech, man, freedom of religion."
"It's free -- free country!"
- e UK usually pressurise.to strongly persuade someone to do something they do not want to do
He was pressurized into signing the agreement.
5 Multiple choice questions
- in a state of becoming different;the rapidly changing world of politics;eg:
But in China, these animals are being exposed to the elements as well as insects, mice and other carriers of dangerous illnesses. Gale said the effects of these conditions on the environment have many Chinese worried about food safety.
"As the marketing chain distance between the consumer and the pigs increases, the consumers don't really know where their pork came from or what's in it," said Gale. "There are a lot of things like this on the Chinese internet where a local person, in some village, is complaining about the big farms near his house and how they dump all this manure in the water making it undrinkable."
But not every aspect of getting these increasingly popular foods to the dinner table is unpalatable. Fabinyi argues fishing opportunities for people living on islands with poor agricultural potential provide a livelihood for a population that has few other natural resources to draw from.
"The trade in live-fish has been a massively important economic stimulus to local communities," said Fabinyi. "Relative to where they were previously, many households have been able to improve their standards of living from assistance-level only to being able to invest in basic-level education for their children, some level of healthcare and material goods that have resulted in the improved standard of living."
Chinese eaters are becoming more adventurous than ever before. In turn, as the flavors they seek grow in complexity, so do the effects of the country's massive consumption. Food experts claim both the positive and negative consequences of China's changing diet are already beginning to cross borders, become international issues and will continue to do so as consumption grows.
- to cause a reaction, especially a negative one.
The prospect of increased prices has already provoked an outcry.
Test results provoked worries that the reactor could overheat.
Her comments provoked an outburst of anger from the boss.
- present but needing particular conditions to become active, obvious or completely developed. eg: Recent developments in the area have brought latent ethnic tension out into the open. eg: We're trying to bring out the latent artistic talents that many people possess without realising it.
- a building in which the bodies of dead people are buried.
eg:People attend a ceremony at the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the Turkish Republic's founder, marking the anniversary of his death in Ankara, Turkey.
- n.someone who has done something wrong. a fact or situation that is the reason for something bad happening.
eg:Children in this country are getting much too fat, and sugar and sweets are the main culprits.
eg:The culprit, researchers say, is plastic. Coming from virtually everywhere — a veritable river of garbage winding its way into the world's oceans — the trash concentrates in five of the Earth's ocean gyres, which are naturally occurring circular currents, according to University of Hawaii marine scientist Dave Karl.
"As you get closer and closer to the central axis of that feature, the waters become more quiescent [calm]," says Karl, who is part of a team of Honolulu-based researchers tracking the huge Pacific trash patch and monitoring its impact on marine life. "So they tend to trap floating debris."
5 True/False questions
curt → a strong, round, wooden container used for storing liquid.
a cask of water/wine.
The Cask of Amontillado.
reluctance → to move or develop faster than someone or something else.
John Wilmoth says the pressure of feeding the rising population is likely to be less than might be expected.
"The relatively good news is that the world has been winning the race between population growth and food production. If you look back historically over the last 50 years, certainly for the world as a whole and for many, most individual countries and regions, the increase in food production has outpaced the increase of population."
spawn → on a par (with sb/sth). the same as or equal to someone or something.
As the world's second-largest economy, China is "on par with Algeria and El Salvador in per capita terms.
humble → a main product or part of something. eg: Shortages mean that even staples (= basic foods) like bread are difficult to find. eg: Romantic fiction and reference books are a staple of many public libraries. eg:Phosphate has been a staple of this area for many years. eg: Pork has always been a staple in China, but as the middle class in the country grows and has more money to spend, its consumption of this traditional meat-as well as others-is increasing rapidly.
mandate → n. the power to act that voters give to their elected leaders.
the authority given to an elected group of people, such as a government, to perform an action or govern a country.
At the forthcoming elections, the government will be seeking a fresh mandate from the people.
[+ to infinitive] The president secured the Congressional mandate to go to war by three votes.
eg:The African Union approved the task force, but did not provide an order or mandate for it. That means there is no financial support, and donors must provide everything needed.
eg:She also says the large number of voters surprised many critics and angered the Taliban. Gaining popular support is important for defeating rebel groups. But, she says, the power-sharing agreement makes the Taliban less likely to negotiate an end to the war.
"And what we have got now, all that goodwill, that freshness, that motivation, I would say has been lost. I would say at the moment the main problem with getting the Taliban to stop fighting is that whereas earlier on in the year the Afghan state looked like it was going to emerge strong, united with a popular democratic mandate . . .as an opponent that was to be feared. What's instead happened is that the state is a lot weaker, a lot more contested. And if you're the Taliban and you are making a political calculation as to what will suit you best, earlier in the year you might have been thinking about talks, now I am sure you'll be thinking about fighting."