Create an account
found as a stored polysaccharide in the liver of man and other animals; how our bodies store sugars for later use
polysaccharide; found in makeup of many plants; NOT digestable to humans; used as bulking agent
process by which plants convert co2, h2o, & solar energy into carbs and o2, while in the presence of the catalyst chlorophyll.
1.the anaeobic breakdown of organic compounds (carbs) by microorganisms into simpler products, releasing co2. 2. the oxidative decomposition of complex substances (carbs) through the action of enzymes produced by microorganism
these are insoluable in water, but are soluable in organic solvents such as ethers, benzene, chloroform, and some alcohols
the alkaline hydrolysis of a lipid; the natural process of body decomposition; alkaline substance usually used- NaOH (sodium hydroxide)
adipocere or grave wax
product formed from the saponification of fatty acids in the dead human body by calcium containing compounds ( more like soap than wax)
a lipid which, when hydrolyzed, will yeild fatty acids, and alcohol and some other compound
this is important for new cell growth, synthesis of enzymes, synthesis of hormones, production of hemoglobin
elements- carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen- may be present- sulfur, phosphorus, iodine, iron
an organic acid containing nitrogen; the building blocks of proteins; have amphoteric properties
possess the properties of an acid & a base; have characteristics of substances that ionize as both acids & bases in solutions; allows proteins to act as buffers in body metabolism when in solution
reaction of formaldehyde with proteins; the insoluable state of a protein produced by heating or contact with a chemical
this forms a peptide bond to denature proteins; denaturing proteins is a toxic reaction
one to one basis
if decomposition has begun the amino acids will react with formaldehyde on what basis?
the process by which the amino group is removed from an amino acid as part of the catabolism (breakdown) of amino acids
the amino group is converted by the liver into ammonium salts and urea which are highly soluable & may be excreted by the kidney in urine
this yeilds=> ammonia containing compounds; putrecine cadaberine (ptomaines), hydrogen sulfide (H2S)
influencing factors on enzymes
1 concentration of the enzyme 2 consentration of the substrate 3 nature & concentration of products 4 effects of light and other physical factors
the result of both the destructive and constructive chemical reactions in a living cell or organism, by which food is transformed into living protoplasm, reserve materials are stored, and wastes are eliminated
the conversion of complex substances into simpler compounds; destructive aspect of metabolism; example is digestion
the process which build complex substances from simpler compounds; constructive aspect of metabolism; example is storing glycogen by the liver
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together