15 terms

Climate

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climate
Long-term weather patterns of an area and is influenced by many different factors.
What 5 factors influence the climate?
Latitude, Orographic effect, Elevation, Large bodies of water, Ocean currents
latitude
Parallel lines measuring distance north or south of the equator. This factor contributes to all climates.
orographic effect
The precipitation that occurs when moist air rises up the sides of a mountain. as the air rises, it cools down and releases most of its moisture as rain or snow.
elevation
Height of a landform, such as a mountain, above sea level.
windward
The side of a mountain range that faces the prevailing winds.
leeward
The side of a mountain range that does not face the prevailing winds.
current
A stream of water that flows like a river through the ocean.
prevailing winds
Direction from which the wind most frequently blows in a given area of the country.
tropical climates
Includes Rain forests and Savannahs. Found near the equator, little temperature variation throughout the year, lots of rain. The Savannah has a rainy season and a dry season.
mild climates
Includes the Mediterranean, Marine West Coast, and Humid Subtropical. Large bodies of water and water currents influence these climates.
dry climates
Includes Deserts and Steppes. Characterized by little rainfall, and low humidity.
continental climates
Includes Warm Summer, Cool Summer, and Subarctic regions. Characterized by large variations between winter and summer, and frequent precipitation.
polar climates
Includes the Tundra, and Ice caps. Characterized by no trees, little precipitation, and cold temperatures.
high elevations
Includes the Alpine and the Upland regions. Not only characterized by the elevation but also the orographic effect.