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29 terms

Body parts

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Capillary
a tiny blood vessel where substances are exchanged between the blood and the body cells(food and oxygen.
Vein
Thin walled vessel with one-way valves. Carries deoxygenated blood
Artery
Thick walled elastic blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood
Vena cava
the largest vein in the body that collects blood about to go into the heart.
Right atrium
upper heart chamber that gets deoxygenated blood returning from the heart
right ventricle
lower heart chamber pumps deoxygenated blood from heart into lungs
Pulmonary artery
Carries the deoxygenated blood from right ventricle to lungs
Pulmonary vein
carries oxygenated blood back from lungs to heart
left atrium
upper heart chamber that gets oxygenated blood from the lungs
left ventricle
hearts most powerful chamber. Pumps oxygenated blood out into the body
aorta
largest artery. Carries all blood leaving the heart
Urea
Waste product found in sweat and urine
Kidney
filters waste products from the blood and makes urine
bladder
storage tank for urine
ovary
produces egg cells
fallopian tubes
carry egg cells to womb
uterus
womb. where eggs are fertilized and developed
testes
produce sperm cells
urethra
tube that carries urine out of the body
neuron
nerve cell
axon
carry nerve impulses away from nerve cells
dendrite
carry nerve impulses into nerve cells
medulla
controls involuntary actions like heartbeat and breathing.
cerebellum
controls balance and muscle coordination
cerebrum
controls voluntary actions like senses
cerebral cortex
upper layer of brain. controls thinking and higher thought process
diaphragm
muscle at bottum of rib cage forces air into and out of the lungs
larynx
human voice box. entrance to lungs
bronchi
branching tubes in lungs