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HLTH 2000: Chapter 3 Notes

Terms in this set (15)

he most common local agency is the county health department. A large city may have its own municipal health department, and rural areas may be served by multicounty health departments. Some local areas have no public health department, leaving their residents to do without some services and to depend on state government for others. Local health departments have the day-to-day responsibility for public health matters in their jurisdiction. These include collecting health statistics; conducting communicable disease control programs; providing screening and immunizations; providing health education services and chronic disease control programs; conducting sanitation, sanitary engineering, and inspection programs; running school health programs; and delivering maternal and child health services and public health nursing services. The source of funds for local health department activities varies widely among states. Some states provide the bulk of funding for local health departments while others provide very little. The federal government may fund some local health department activities directly, or federal funds may be passed on from the states. A portion of the local health budget usually coms from local property and sales taxes, and from fees that the department charges for some services.The extent to which local health departments are responsive to mandates from the state and federal government is likely to depend on how much of the local agency's budget is provided by these sources.