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Religion Ch 1-4
Terms in this set (69)
When does individualism become a problem?
Individulaism only becomes a problem when it drives people apart from one another.
Two problems of consumerism?
Consumerism turns goodness that God has provided into package products or material goods for personal enjoyment, with little or no reminder of the generosity of God or the effects on others. Consumerism also fosters upgrading mentality.
In a consumer perspective, what can become a product to be consumed with little thoughts and connectedness?
Religion and religious experience
What does religion and religious experience connect to?
Tradition and doctrine or to faith
What can be transformed into a religious product?
Worship, prayer, and community
What beliefs that does not blinds people together?
Communal religious practice and system of beliefs
What is St. Paul passage from 1 Corinthians 12:12
As a body is one though it has many parts and all parts of the body, though many, are one body, so also is Christ.
What does church mean?
Convocation or assembly
What must you do in order to understand the church?
One must look to her origin in the holy trinity plan and blessed trinity.
What does creation of human kinds mean?
Was always a part of God eternal plan which continued to carried out in history.
Why did God created the world?
So everyone live in loving relationship with him and one another
God created the first human beings in his own image and gave him two abilities, what are the two abilities?
The two abilities are to ask question, to wonder and to learn and to also have free will.
What is protoevangelium? Write passage here
The first announcement that God would send a messiah and a redeemer who is a descendant of Eve. The passage is in (Genesis 3:15) "I will put enmity between you and the women, and between your offspring and hers; they will strike at your head, when you strike at their heel."
When did the remote preparation of the church begin?
Abraham, nomadic farmer, and promise that he would be a "father of a host of nation."
When did the immediate preparation of the church begin?
The immediate preparation began with God covenants with the Israelites at Mount Sinai.
What does the Hebrew word hesed refer to?
God faithful love for people of Israel.
What was unique about dictates of Hebrew law regarding to the care of one another?
Israel was unique in its conviction that the responsibility for the well-being of the vulnerable in the community be shared by all people and not just those in leadership
Israel history was characterized by?
Division and sinfulness
What led to the division of chosen people into two kingdoms and the ensuing years were marked by infidelity to God and ignorance of the needs of the poor?
What happen to the two kingdoms in Israel history?
Consequently, both kingdoms were plunged into periods of exile where people were removed from there holy homeland and took captive by foreign nations.
What was God response to theses abuses?
His response was he sent down prophets to warn the people of their sinfulness and to announce a new and eternal covenant.
What is the message of the book Jonah?
The message of the Book of Jonah is God compassion is not limited to Israel; it extends to all who are open to the call of repentance. Israel was to be a model of what God intended all people.
In the Old Testament ,what did God act on?
In the Old Testament, God acts over and over to form a people who are not chosen because of their own merit, but simply because of his compassion and love for them.
Work of redemption from Christ accomplish by Jesus death, passion, resurrection, and glorious ascension. It is presence through the Eucharist.
What are two ways thinking about the kingdom of God?
The two ways of thinking about the kingdom of God is the world as God would have it to be and the kingdom of God is in state of already not yet.
Why did roman consider Jesus a threat?why did some Jewish leaders find him a threat?
The Romans thinks the Jesus's of Nazareth would destabilize their hold in the reign. The Jewish leaders said Jesus message was a threat to their own religious authority.
By freely choosing to go to the cross, what did Jesus demonstrate?
Breadth and depth of father love for his people.
What was Jesus crucified for?
Jesus was crucified to atone for human sinfulness.
What did the resurrection reveal?
God love, incarnate in Christ, triumphs over the power of death and that God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob is God of a living and not if the dead
How is Christ most especially present in the church?
What happen through baptism?
Catholics are incorporated into Christ and people of God. It is through the Church that Jesus invites all people into a relationship with God, and it is through her that people are able to continue to know and experience the healing and forgiving love of God.
What is Christian living being drawn about?
Being drawn into Christ life, not about inviting Christ into our life
What is the vine and branch the image of?
of the church emphasizes common goals, ideals, and intimate sharing. The bride of Christ image of the Church reveals how Christ entered into a covenant with the Church as a man and women do in the Sacrament of matrimony.
What did Jesus disciples and apostles begin to understand and believe about Jesus after his death and resurrection?
Jesus disciples and apostles begin to understand and believe about Jesus is that Jesus was the son of God, with the power over sin and death.
Jesus promised to send the Holy Spirit to direct and guide the work of Redemption that would continue through his followers, a promised fulfilled where?
At end of Peter powerful testimony many of his fellow Jews asked what they should do. Write Peter reply from acts 2:38 here
" Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit."
What were the three essential teachings of kerygma proclaimed by the apostles?
The three essential teachings of the Kerygma were God loves the world and became incarnate; Jesus suffered for the sins of humankind, rose from the dead, and is alive; and Jesus is Savior and
According to the catechism of the Catholic Church, where is the Holy Spirit present in the church?
The Spirit continues to be present in Sacred Scripture; Sacred Tradition; the Magisterium, which he assists; the liturgy; prayer, wherein he intercedes, the gifts and ministries by which the Church is built up; the signs of apostolic and missionary life; and the witness of saints through whom he shows his holiness and continues the work of Salvation.
What did st. Augustine explained?
explained that what the soul is to the human body, the Holy Spirit is to the Body of Christ, which is the church. The Holy Spirit lives in the Church as if in a temple and guides her and unites her in fellowship and ministry. Both images are a foretaste of the Church's intimate connection to the risen of the lord.
To be with him and go out and preach.
Why is the number of the twelve apostles significant?
Represent twelve tribes of Israel
Who did Jesus commissioned?
Jesus gave who a special role of leadership among the apostles?
Jesus established a structure for his church when he spoke to Peter. Write the passage from Matthew 16:18-19
" And so I say to you, you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of the netherworld shall not prevail against it. I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven
How did the early church in Jerusalem was active?
in service, distributing food and other goods to poor widows. When the Greek-speaking jews complained that their widows were not getting their fair share, the Apostles appointed seven men to look after the disribution of goods
Who were the seven men's that help disribution food in Jerusalem?
They are minister called deacons
The first followers of Christ thought of themselves as what?
As devout Jews
What did the early Christians view themselves as?
as fulfilling their Jewish faith while simultaneously belonging to the Church instituted by Christ. They continued to worship at the Temple and to follow the Mosaic law as well as participate in new rituals that Jesus had instituted in their presence.
In what two rites did the early Christians participate in? What did they believe about the latter?
The two rites the early Christians participate in is the rite of initiation, baptism and breaking of the bread and prayer in Jesus name. They believe when they share the bread and and drank from the cup of the risen lord was present in the midst. Sacrament of the holy Eucharist.
What was Hellenistic Jews punish?
more severely for practicing Christianity than non-Hellenistic Jews who practiced Christianity, known in the New Testament as Hebrews.
What did Romans tolerate?
Christianity as another Jewish sect, extending to them the same privileges granted to Jews. However, as the Christians began to move apart from Judaism , Rome began to persecute them for what was seen as a lack of loyalty to Rome when they refused to worship the emperor as a God .
What are the two distinctions about the presence of the followers of Christ in Antioch?
It was in Antioch "that the disciples were first called Christians" (Acts 11:26). Also, Antioch served as center of the missionary activity to the Gentiles and this missionary activity's most
vigorous advocate, St. Paul
What kind of journey did St. Paul take all over the Roman Empire ?
What did he find in Rome?
He founded several local churches and wrote letters of instruction and correction in the faith to them when he left.
What did Paul letters became part of?
New Testament canons
What question arose about essential elements of Judaism for Christian converts?
What part of mosaic law did the gentile Christians needed to follow?, Did they have to follow Jewish dietary laws?, Was it necessary for gentile Christians to worship in the Jewish temple?, and Did male Gentiles who converted to Christianity need to be circumcised?
What happen at the council of Jerusalem?
Paul and Barnabas argued for freedom from the Law for Gentile Christians while the Apostle James supported imposing Jewish Law on all converts. Upon hearing both arguments, Peter reversed his position and sided with Paul: gentiles no longer had to submit to the entirety of Jewish law.
What did the council of Jerusalem determine all Christians, both Gentiles and Jews were required to do what?
To keep Three basic laws
Who did the early church writing speak to?
of bishops who were to continue the mission of Christ commissioned to them by the Apostles.
St. Peter position of primacy passed down to who?
Bishop of Rome
Explain why decisions like those at council of Jerusalem important?
It made it clear that Christianity was a religion of the body and not just the spirit. Christ had chosen the Apostles to be pastors. Inspired by the Holy Spirit, the Apostles and their successors were
ordained to teach the true way of Christian living, both with respect to Faith and morals, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit
What issues caused difficulty for the church in China according to Cardinal Joseph zen ze-kiun? What would be the ideal?
The issues cause for the church of China is that church was not really free. The ideal is the Vatican and Chinese government could agree on the choice of bishops.
Why did Jesus chose the apostles?
Jesus chose Apostles to ensure that the Church would remain faithful to his mission.
Who are the early Christians?
St. Paul, st. Ignatius of Antioch, st. Irenaeus of Lyons
What did St. Paul write about the church?
Membership of the church because of their membership in body of Christ.
What did st. Ignatius of Antioch write about the church?
he said that they can be only one church and that church was known as the unbroken connection with the apostles.
What did st. Irenaeus of Lyons write about the church?
He maintained the role of the church to unite people with Christ.
The teachings of St. Paul, Ignatius,and irenaeus was formalized in?
What are the four marks of the church?
One, holy, catholic, and apostolic church
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