41 terms

Growing Your Vocabulary-Chapter 17-Twist and Turn, 9th grade packet #1

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torquere/tortum/tort
to twist
contort
twist it strongly
distort
change its orginial shape or meaning
torture
something that causes a lot of pain; to cause pain
retort
a reply or a counter-argument
extort
to take by force
volvere/volutum/volv/volut
to turn
revolution
circular movement around something else
evolves
slowly turns into something else
involve
to include
vertere/versum/vert/vers
to turn
convert
change its form to purpose
reverse
turn it backward or make it move backward
introvert
a shy person
intro-
inward
introspect
to look inward; to examine you own thoughts
argot
a specialized vocabulary used by a group
connotation
All the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests
denotation
the literal meaning of a word
jargon
nonsensical talk; specialized language
sematic
having to do with the meaning of words or language
vernacular
everyday language
epicure
someone who appreciates good food and drink
galvanize
to startle into sudden activity
Pyrrhic victory
A victory that is offset by staggering losses or that comes at a huge price
quixotic
overly idealistic; impractical
saturnine
gloomy and remote
Sisyphean
Requiring endless effort; without result or success
solecism
nonstandard grammatical usage; a violation of grammatical rules
discernment
the ability to judge well
myopia
nearsighted
subliminal
below the level of consciousness
cessation
stopping
obstruction
something that gets in the way
preclude
to make impossible
apologist
a person who makes an argument in support of someone or something
dupe
to deceive, to trick
indisputable
beyond doubt
Red Herring
something that draws attention away from the main issue
refute
to prove incorrect
substantiate
to support with proof or evidence