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49 terms

Global Class and Stratification

class notes for the test tuesday, 12/7/10
STUDY
PLAY
Global Stratification
unequal distribution of wealth, power, and prestige on a global or societal basis
control over basic resources
what the hierarchial arrangement of large social groups is based on
social mobility
the movement of individuals or groups from one level in a stratified system to another
ingenerational mobility
movement of people from one generation to the next
intragenerational mobility
movement of individuals within their own lifetime
caste system
system of social inequality based on people's profession
slavery
extreme form of a closed system
class system
type of stratification based on ownership and control of resources or based on income and type of work
Low Income
income category with the per capita GDP being $825 or less
Middle Income
per capita GDP being $825 to $10,000 annually
High Income
percapita GDP being more than $10,000 annually
Low Income
countries that make up for about 50% of the world's population whose economies are poor, rural, or agrarian where women and children are particuarly at risk
Middle Income
1/3 of the world, divided into lower and uper categories with economies ranging from agrarian to post industrial, some progress up while others progress down
High Income
25 nations with slower economic growth than middle income, control 75-80% of the world's wealth
Upper middle
countries like Brazil, Russia, and eastern europe in the middle income category
lower middle
countries like el salvador, Iran, colombia, and indonesia in the middle income category
Absolute Poverty
type of poverty where people can't secure basic needs of life like food, clean water, and adequate shelter
Relative poverty
type of poverty where people can afford the basic life necessities but not an average standard of living for thier society
subjective poverty
measuring and comparing actual income & wealth against a person's expectations and perceptions
Human Development Index
measures development and quality of life in a nation by looking at life expectancy, educational standards, GNP, and other living standards
Health
a stage of complete physical, mental, and social well-being (not just a disease or injuries)
Literacy
the ability to read or write a short and simple sentence about their every day life with understanding
1/5
amount of the world that is illiterate
Drugs
the highest income-producing global criminal activity produced by Central/South America, Myanmar, Afghanistan and the US, used by US, China, and Europe
Weapons
second largest global criminal activity, producers Russia, China, N. Korea, USA, EU, used by Africa, Latin America, and SE Asia
Smuggling
third largest global criminal activity, supplied by China, S. Asia, Africa, and Latin America, used by USA, Europe and Persian Gulf
Traffic and Sale of Women and Children
fourth largest global criminal activity, most in bonded labor & debt in prostitution or sex trade, domestic services, cloth making, crop picking supplied by poor world (Russia, China, SE Asia, Latin America) used by Japan, Persian Gulf States, Europe, and US
Traffic and Sale of Human Body Parts
fifth largest global criminal activity used for medical industry and transplanst supplied by Asia, SE Asia, and Latin America, used by USA, Europe, and Japan
Niger
highest fertility rate
China
lowest fertility rate
Qatar
highest male to female ratio
Ukraine
lowest male to female ratio
Japan
highest life expectancy
Niger
lowest life expectency
Liberia
fastest population growth
Moldova
lowest population growth
China
highest contraceptive use
Somalia
lowest contraceptive use
Afghanistan
highest infant mortality rate
Iceland
lowest infant mortality rate
Norway
highest HDI
Niger
lowest HDI
Luxemberg
highest GDP per capita
Burundi
lowest GDP per capita
Grameen Bank
a microfinancing company that gave small loans to the poor of bangladesh to help get their businesses on their feet
microfinancing
small lonas to poor pople
women
gender group that recieves 96% of the loans from Grameen because they are more cautious with funds
16 Decisions
a set of examples of hard work, etc. that include cleanliness, family planning, balanced meals, etc.
Muhammad Yunus
the founder of Grameen who came out of poverty and compared it to darkness