Point Location: Channel Theory
Terms in this set (142)
How many regular channels are there?
How many extra channels are there?
How many divergent channels are there?
How many muscle regions are there?
How many cutaneous regions are there?
How many collaterals are there?
Jing = Tree/Channel
Luo = Branches/Channel
Yin meridians are connected to:
Yang meridians are connected to:
Tai Yin: Greater Yin
Yang Min: Yang Brightness
Jue Yin: Absolute Yin
Shao Yang: Yang Lesser
Shao Yin: Lesser Yin
Tai Yang: Greater Yang
How does Qi circulate in the body? (organs)
See chart for flow
Lungs -> Large intestine -> Stomach -> Spleen -> Heart -> Small Intestine -> Urinary Bladder -> Kidney -> Pericardium -> Triple Burner -> Gall Bladder -> Liver -> Back to Lungs
How does Qi circulate in the body? (Channels)
begins in a yin channel on the chest and passes to the interior-exteriorly related yang channel at the hand. Goes up along yang channel to the face where it passes into the yang channels paired yang channel and goes down to foot where it passes to the interiorly-exteriorly related yin channel, then goes back to the chest where it starts again
Three hand yin channels run from:
chest to hand
Three foot yin channels run from:
foot to chest
Three foot yang channels run from:
face or head to foot
Three hand yang channels run from:
hand to face or head
Yin and yang channels meet at:
the four extremities
yang and yang channels meet:
on the face and head
yin and yin channels meet:
in the chest
Do the 12 regular meridians have their own points?
Does the Du (Governing channel) have its own points?
Does the Ren (Conception channel) have its own points?
Are the 8 extraordinary channels connected to interior organs?
The 8 extraordinary channels do not have:
The 8 extraordinary channels do not have (except Du and Ren):
Their own acupuncture points. They borrow points from other channels
The 8 extraordinary channels serve as a reservoir to ___________ and ____________, and therefore regulate the ______________________________________.
store and redistribute
energy flow of the organ/meridian system
The 8 extraordinary channels are not connected to:
What is the Chong channel?
What is the Ren channel?
What is the Du channel?
What is the Dai channel?
What is the Qiao channel?
What is the Wei channel?
What does Deadman call the channels?
Each yin and yang channel will have one:
Divergent channel enhances:
the internal/external relationship through their connections, 12 organs, and channels
Divergent channels bring energy to:
the head and face
The divergent channels always derive from:
the 12 channels from the 4 limbs, then enter the body cavities in the abdomen/chest and connect to the organ and emerge from the neck.
Then yang rejoins their original channel and the yin join with their related yang channels.
What is the purpose of the 12 sinew channels?
Provide nourishment, energy and support to joints
The 12 cutaneous areas are the:
flooding areas for the energy that overflows out of the 12 regular meridians and their root is parallel to the 12 regular meridians.
the bridges between meridians
Are all 15 collaterals located on the limbs?
3 on the trunk,
12 on the limbs
Sinew channel flow
What are the 15 collaterals?
The 12 regular channels, Du and Ren, and The Greater Collateral of the Spleen
Spleen is the center of support for:
all other organs
relatively more superficial
Where is the Du located?
on the back (anus to top of head)
Where is the Ren located?
on the front
What are the categories of acupuncture points?
How many regular points are there?
360; all have fixed regular points and are directly connected to 14 meridians (12, plus Du and Ren)
Each regular point has:
A name, nomenclature, certain indications and functions
Ex: ST 36 - SP Qi Deficiency
How many extra points are there?
Unlimited, we will study 60
Extra points are also called:
The imperial points
The extra points are based off of:
the experience of individual, actual practitioners throughout 1000 years
Extra points are NOT connected to:
the 14 meridians: they are located outside
Extra points have:
their own names and fixed locations, functions and indications
All regular points were picked before the 3 dynasties (9-10th century), anything discovered later is called:
an extra (imperial) point
Ashi points are used for:
tenderness, morphological, or color/temp changes
Ashi points do not have:
Their own names, fixed locations, or clear defined functions or indications
Ashi points are also called the:
"positive responding" points
Energy points are located on the _____________________ and transfer energy to ____________________.
root of the meridian
the interior organ
Acupoints are named for:
the points location
their therapeutic properties
theories of TCM
names bearing analogy to geographic or geomorphological features
analogy to animals and plants
analogy to architectural structures
Qi rises at:
Qi glides at:
Qi pours through:
Qi flows at:
Qi enters inwards at:
Energy is weaker at:
The five shu point energy flow, weakest to strongest is:
well -> spring -> stream -> river -> sea
The first special points category listed and most common is the:
Five Shu Points
The Jing-Well points are for:
fullness below the heart
The Ying-Spring points are for:
heat in the body
The Shu-Stream points are for:
heaviness of the body and pain in the joints
The Jing-River points are for:
dyspnea, cough, chills, and fever
The He-Sea points are for:
rebellious Qi and diarrhea
The Yuan source points are the sites where ______________ accumulates.
Yuan Qi (Original Qi)
How many Yuan Source points are there?
12 yuan points of the regular meridians
Yin Yuan Source points are stronger for:
tonification (important because yin tends to be more deficient)
Yang Yuan Source points separate the:
Shu-Stream from the Jing-River
On the Yin channels, the Yuan-source points are the:
Same as (overlap) the Shu-Stream points
Yang Yuan Source points are always:
right next to the Shu-Stream point
The Luo-Connecting points are where:
a separate channel splits off from the main flow (where the twig comes off the brach)
The Yuan-Source points of the Yang channels are usually:
the 4th point from the distal end of the channel, but in the case of GB, the 5th
Each channel that has it's own points has a:
Luo-Connecting Point. (15 total - 12 regular, Du and Ren, and Great Collateral of SP)
Xi-Cleft Points are sites where:
Qi and blood of the channels is deeply converged and plunged (deeply transported); like the blue holes of the ocean
How many Xi-Cleft points are there?
16 total: 12 regular channels and 4 extra channels (YinWei, Yangwei, YinQiao, YangQiao)
Where are Xi Cleft Points located?
Only on the limbs
What does Mu mean?
What does Shu mean?
Where is front Mu?
front of trunk (fu)
Where is back Shu?
back of trunk (zang)
The front Mu points are:
scattered on different meridians
Back Shu points are only located on the ___________meridian
The Front Mu and Back Shu are used to treat the:
disorders of the corresponding organs
The Front Mu points are considered:
the ambassadors to the corresponding organs
Hui (Influential) Meeting points information:
The meeting place of these structures. Treats disorders involving the structures and substances.
The Lower He-Sea points are located near the:
Each of the 6 Fu organs has another He-Sea point on the Yang Channels of the foot, known as the
Lower He-Sea point
Yang meridians on the upper limbs have He-Sea points in the yang meridians on the lower limbs that are:
functionally related. SJ -> UB
The lower He-Sea point of the stomach is:
The lower He-Sea point of the Large intestine is:
The lower He-Sea point of the small intestine is:
The lower He-Sea point of the san jiao is:
The lower He-Sea point of the bladder is:
The lower He-Sea point of the gallbladder is:
The 8 Confluent points are connected to the:
8 extraordinary meridians
The 8 Confluent points are also known as the:
access points/Master Points to the 8 extraordinary meridians
The Four command points are used for:
any symptoms/conditions happening in those areas
The Window of Heaven/Sky Points are located:
on the neck and upper limbs
The Window of Heaven/Sky points are used for:
psycho-emotional health and emotional disorders
the acupuncture point where 2 or more meridians intersect
What is the common points of all yin meridians for the foot
Intersecting points treat:
conditions that involve the channels/organs of that point (multiple)
What are the four measuring methods of locating acupoints?
What are the two types of landmarks?
moving and fixed
What is a fixed landmark?
landmarks on the body surface that are unchangeable for an extended period of time
Ex: hairline, fingernails, nostrils, corner of mouth
What is a moving landmark?
creases, clefts (space between bones), have to take certain actions to bring them out
Cun is the measurement of the ___________________, not the ___________________.
Cun is a measurement of length in Chinese medicine that is approximately:
proportional area between 2 specified landmarks
not very accurate (cross hands and where the pointer finger lands)
Which measurement is best to use?
a combination of methods to find points accurately
Most common needle depth
0.5 - 1 cun
the movement by which the two ends of any jointed part are drawn away from each other; straightening
Draws toward the midline
Movement away from the midline of the body
the prone position (palm down, face down)
palm up, face up
turning outward or inside out
turning inward, i.e., of a foot
to draw back or in
the needle is inserted perpendicularly forming a 90 degree angle with the skin surface. Most points of the body can be punctured perpendicularly
the needle is inserted obliquely forming a 45 degree angle with the skin surface. Is indicated for puncturing points located where the muscles are thin or close to important viscera
the needle is inserted transversely forming a 15 degree angle with the skin surface. indicated for points which have very thin underlying muscle.
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