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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
World History: Second Exam
Terms in this set (40)
How did the Protestant Reformation affect women?
The emphasis on reading the Bible for oneself stimulated education and literacy for women.
What facilitated the spread of the Protestant Reformation in Europe?
The printing press
What did the New England Puritans in North America emphasize?
Education and civic responsibility
Which group had the greatest success in converting people outside of Europe to Christianity?
Spanish Catholic missionaries in the Philippines
Which of the following was generally more true of Catholics than Protestants in European
Catholics were more intent on converting native peoples.
Which of the following was a goal of the Wahhabi movement?
To return to the absolute monotheism of authentic Islam
Which of the following is a principle or practice upheld in Sikhism?
Equality of men and women
In what way did nineteenth-century developments in the sciences depart from Enlightenment
They emphasized conflict and struggle as the motors of progress.
Why did Sikhism evolve from a peaceful religion into a militant community?
They had to defend themselves against both Mughal and Hindu hostility.
How was the Enlightenment related to the Scientific Revolution?
The Enlightenment applied the idea of natural laws to human affairs rather than the physical
What made Martin Luther's Ninety-five Theses revolutionary?
The idea that an individual could find salvation by faith alone
What was the significance of the Peace of Westphalia?
It granted the ruler of each European state the authority to control religious affairs within his own domain.
Why did the Chinese imperial court initially welcome the Jesuit missionaries?
The Jesuits' knowledge in mathematics, astronomy, technology, geography, and map making was useful to the Chinese.
Which of the following marked a major turning point in the relationship between China and
The pope's claim of authority over Chinese Christians
What similar feature did Andean Christianity and Mexican Christianity share?
Both reinterpreted Christian practices within the framework of local customs.
What did the kaozheng movement in China emphasize?
Verification, precision, accuracy, and rigorous analysis in all fields of inquiry
The early scientists in the Scientific Revolution
saw no conflict between science and religion.
Which of the following did all Enlightenment thinkers share?
The belief in progress and reason
Which of the following was a reaction to the reliance on human reason during the eighteenth
century in Europe?
Which of the following figures is associated with the Scientific Revolution?
In the years before the Reformation, which of the following events did not weaken the power
of the Catholic Church?
the plague, abanu on France, and the humanist movement
In the years before the Reformation, which of the following was not considered a corruption
in the Catholic Church?
Of the seven Catholic Church sacraments, which two were prominently featured in the New
Baptism and communion
Of the early critics of the Catholic Church, which individual never strayed into outright
Martin Luther's father planned for his son to become a lawyer. Why did this not happen?
He was caught in a thunderstorm, prayed for help, and help came. He ended up becoming a priest.
Specifically, what was heretical about Martin Luther's 95 Theses?
He said he didn't have the religious authority to forgive sin
While debating Johann Eck, Martin Luther committed two additional heresies. What were
He said that the Pope and priests were wrong on doctrine and that they were wrong for burning John Husk
What did Martin Luther believe about "good works."
That good works were useless and they follow faith
When Martin Luther received his Papal Bull of Excommunication what did he do?
He argued that Princes should be able to reform the church and said the church didn't own him
Why did the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V call for the Diet of Worms?
To trial Martin Luther to see if he were a heretic
Two of Martin Luther's heretical statements inspired him to translate the Bible into German.
What were they?
He thought the Bible was sole authority and people should read it for themselves
Lutheranism mostly spread in which areas?
North Germany and Scandinavia
In the early years of Lutheranism, why was the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V unable to
stop the spread of this new denomination?
He couldn't focus on Germany when he has to war with France and Turkish Muslims
The wars of religion between Charles V and the Lutheran princes ended with
Peace of Augsburg
Of all of the new protestant denominations, which was the most hated by governments?
What young adult experience did both Martin Luther and John Calvin share?
Both were going to become lawyers, but instead became priests
The idea of predestination states that
That everyone is predestined for Heaven or Hell
What did John Calvin believe about "good works?"
Irrelevant, thought they were useless as well
What did John Calvin believe about the role of faith in salvation?
Irrelevant. If you are going to Heaven, then you would act like it
At the Council of Trent, the Catholic Church reaffirmed
Catholic Church Doctrine, Free Will, Monks, Celibacy, and Purgatory
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