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Immunization exam -APHA
Terms in this set (80)
Which of the following vaccines may be administered to boys and young men aged 9 through 26 years to reduce the likelihood of acquiring genital warts?
Barbara is a 60-year-old woman who presents to the pharmacy for two vaccines: HZV and IIV. Which of the following are the appropriate doses and routes for administering these vaccines to this patient?
HZV 0.65 mL subcutaneously; IIV 0.5 mL intramuscularly.
Which of the following patients would be a candidate for PPSV23?
25-year-old man who smokes cigarettes.
Why should refrigerated vaccines be stored in the middle of the refrigerator?
There are fewer temperature fluctuations
When looking at the schedule for vaccines that might be indicated for children and adolescents aged 18 years or younger based on medical indications, what does the orange bar represent?
Precautions for vaccination
Which of the following statements is true regarding how vaccines evoke an immune response?
The antigen in the vaccine activates B cells, which produce antigen-specific antibodies and memory cells.
How often are the Healthy People targets for vaccination rates updated?
According to ACIP recommendations, which of the following needle lengths would be appropriate for administering HZV to an adult patient?
Which vaccine does ACIP recommend for all college freshmen, aged 21 years or younger, living in dormitories, who have not been previously vaccinated?
What is the time interval for which the development of Guillain-Barré syndrome following influenza vaccination would result in a precaution for future influenza vaccines?
Within 6 weeks
A health care provider who has not been vaccinated against hepatitis B is stuck by a contaminated needle after administering an immunization to a hepatitis B-positive patient. In addition to hepatitis B vaccine, the health care provider also should receive hepatitis B Immunoglobulin (HBIG) as postexposure prophylaxis because the HBIG provides:
Alex is a 32-year-old man who is scheduled to travel to a country where hepatitis A is endemic. He leaves in 3 weeks and will be gone a month. He received his first dose of hepatitis A vaccine today. Alex should be counseled to return for his second dose of hepatitis A vaccine:
In 6 months
What is the type of immunity that occurs when a pregnant woman is vaccinated with Tdap to protect the infant from pertussis after birth?
The monitoring system that health care providers should use to report serious adverse events after vaccination is:
If a vial of influenza vaccine is left out of the refrigerator on the pharmacy counter overnight, what should be done with the vaccine?
Mark "do not use," place in the refrigerator, and call the manufacturer for further guidance.
For which age group is the adjuvanted inactivated influenza vaccine approved?
65 years and older
Which of the following statements about establishing clinics for administering vaccines is true?
Technicians can administer screening questionnaires and distribute VISs.
If pharmacists are called upon to assist with vaccination efforts following a natural disaster, which vaccine is likely to be needed by many of the victims?
Which of the following patients should receive the MMR vaccine?
A pharmacist born in 1975 with documentation of 1 dose of MMR vaccine.
Prior to the introduction of a vaccine, what was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in children younger than 5 years of age?
Haemophilus influenzae type b.
According to the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), which of the following would be considered adequate evidence of immunity to varicella, indicating that administration of varicella vaccine is unnecessary?
Diagnosis of chickenpox by a health care provider.
Even though state laws may have specific mandates, how long should pharmacists maintain records of immunizations?
For a patient's lifetime
Justin is a healthy 16-year-old boy who has no documentation of varicella vaccine or history of the disease. He should receive
2 doses of varicella vaccine separated by at least 4 weeks.
The childhood/adolescent and adult immunization schedules are updated and published annually during which months?
January or February.
Aiden is a 6-month-old healthy boy with no known allergies. He has received vaccinations in the past with no reported adverse reactions. Aiden's father asks about having his son vaccinated against influenza. The most appropriate response would be to inform the father that Aiden:
Should receive 1 dose of IIV4 today followed by a second dose of IIV4 administered 4 weeks later
Which of the following patients are appropriate candidates for the 2-dose schedule of HPV9?
11 year-old girl with no medical conditions, series has not been started
What is the standard dose of epinephrine for managing anaphylaxis?
0.01 mg per kg body weight, up to a maximum of 0.5 mg.
Which of the following statements about live attenuated vaccines is true?
They should generally be avoided in immunocompromised individuals.
Upon giving a VIS to a patient who is to receive a vaccine cover under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act, what must be documented?
The date the VIS was given to the patient or caregiver and the date printed on the VIS.
RotaTeq (RV5) should be administered as a:
3-dose series to infants at 2, 4, and 6 months of age
Which of the following best describes how to administer MMR vaccine to an adult patient weighing 210 lb?
Inject subcutaneously at a 45° angle in the outer aspect of the upper arm
According to ACIP recommendations, HZV is indicated for the prevention of herpes zoster in adults aged:
60 years and older.
Federal law makes offering an annual influenza vaccination a requirement for continued federal funding in which setting?
Long-term care facilities.
Which of the following patients is a candidate for both MenACWY and MenB vaccines?
A 10 year-old who just had his spleen removed.
A 69 year-old man received Td vaccination 4 years ago. He is preparing to travel to see his newborn granddaughter next month. Which of the following vaccines containing tetanus, diphtheria, and/or pertussis would be most appropriate for him?
Which of the following key questions is important to ask a patient before administering IIV?
Are you sick today?
Which of these vaccines is an inactivated vaccine?
Which of these vaccines is a live attenuated vaccine?
Which viruses are associated with the development of cancer?
Human papillomavirus and hepatitis B virus.
What is the minimum needle length recommended for administering HepB vaccine to an adult patient weighing 130 lb?
Which of the following best describes how to administer Tdap vaccine to an adult patient weighing 185 lb?
Inject intramuscularly at a 90° angle in the deltoid muscle.
Why are adjuvants added to vaccines?
To strengthen the immune response to the antigen.
Kate is a 24-year-old woman with asthma. She requests a refill of her albuterol inhaler on November 1st. Kate's immunization record indicates that she completed the primary series of MMR, varicella, DTaP, HepA, and HepB vaccines, and she received a dose of Tdap 2 years ago. For complete coverage, which of the following vaccines should she receive?
PCV13 and IIV.
Kimberly is a 34 year-old woman who is 30 weeks pregnant. She received a Td booster dose 1 year ago when she cut her hand while working in the kitchen. She has no documentation of receiving a Tdap vaccine. The most appropriate recommendation would be to administer:
Tdap as soon as possible.
With the exception of rotavirus, the routinely recommended live vaccines are contraindicated in a patient who:
Which of the following vaccines is recommended for infants to receive within 24 hours of birth?
Which of the following is recognized by sociologists as a factor in a patient's decision whether to be vaccinated?
Influence of a health care provider.
Which of the following is most likely to result in an influenza pandemic?
Antigenic shift in an influenza A virus
According to ACIP, which of the following is a contraindication to receiving HZV?
Current treatment for lymphoma.
John is a 46-year-old man with diabetes. He requests a refill of his diabetes testing supplies on October 21st. His immunization record indicates that he has completed the primary series of MMR, DTaP, HepA, and HepB vaccines. John has a documented history of chickenpox, and his last Td booster dose was 19 years ago. Which of the following vaccines should he receive?
PPSV23, Tdap, and IIV.
Which of the following documents must be given to every patient or patient's caregiver before administration of a vaccine covered under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act (NCVIA)?
Which entity determines the specific vaccines that a pharmacist may administer?
States through laws and regulations.
HPV vaccine is recommended for which of the following individuals?
12 y/o boy
At what point during pregnancy is it recommended to administer the influenza vaccine?
Anytime is safe
Which of the following immunization strategies is preferred for adults under the age of 65 years with immunocompromising conditions who require both PCV13 and PPSV23?
PCV13 first, followed by PPSV23 at least 8 weeks later.
The incubation period for influenza can range from:
1 to 4 days
All Medicare Part B enrollees are covered for which vaccines?
Influenza, PPSV23, and PCV13,
Influenza and pneumococcal.
What is the most common complication of pertussis?
HealthMap Vaccine Finder is a free online tool that allows pharmacists to:
List their vaccination services so patients can find them when searching the website for nearby immunizers.
Which of the following diseases are transmitted through mosquito bites?
Yellow fever and Japanese encephalitis.
In 2014, which vaccination rate was lowest among adolescents 13 through 17 years of age?
Which of the following is a requirement of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) Bloodborne Pathogens Standard?
Health care providers must use safety devices when administering injectable vaccines.
If a patient received the first dose of HepB but did not return for the remaining doses in the series, under what circumstances should the HepB series be restarted?
The series should not be restarted; resume the series where it was interrupted.
Which disease is characterized by the development of a membrane on the tonsils, pharynx, or larynx, leading to respiratory obstruction?
A history of anaphylaxis caused by gelatin would be a contraindication to receiving which of the following vaccines?
Which disease is almost certain to cause death if infected patients do not receive postexposure prophylaxis?
Which of the following statements would be accurate when responding to a patient's concerns about the safety of vaccines?
The immune system is capable of stimulating an immune response to multiple vaccines administered at the same time.
If a patient is a candidate for revaccination with PPSV23, what is the ACIP-recommended interval between doses of this vaccine?
Why was the live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) removed from the ACIP's influenza vaccine recommendations?
Low effectiveness of this vaccine was seen during the 2013-2014 and 2015-2016 influenza seasons.
After reconstitution, within what time frame must HZV be administered?
During which step of the Pharmacists' Patient Care Process would a pharmacist analyze a patient's need for certain vaccines?
David is a healthy 5-year-old boy who is scheduled to see his pediatrician for a checkup in July prior to starting kindergarten. David's immunization record reveals that he has received the following vaccines:
DTaP, IPV, MMR, and varicella.
Emily is a 16-year-old high-school student with no chronic medical conditions. Emily's immunization record shows that she completed the primary series for IPV, HepA, Hib, DTaP, and MMR, and she had a physician-diagnosed case of chickenpox at 2 years of age. Which of the following would be the most appropriate recommendation for her today?
Tdap, HPV, MCV, HepB, and influenza, if during influenza season.
For a patient who needs to receive IIV and HZV, which of the following best describes appropriate administration of these vaccines?
Administer these 2 vaccines at the same visit.
Which of the following tetanus booster vaccines would be most appropriate for administration to a 12-year-old boy who has completed a primary series with DTaP and has no known allergies?
Name the vaccine-preventable disease that may be contracted by unimmunized children from adults serving as reservoirs for the disease, which causes a paroxysmal cough and potentially can result in pneumonia, seizures, encephalopathy, hypoxia, and death.
Vaccines as well as exposure to natural disease are both examples of which type of immunity?
HZV should not be administered to a patient with a history of anaphylaxis to:
Which type of vaccine involves stimulation of B cells without the assistance of T helper cells?
Pure polysaccharide vaccines
According to ACIP recommendations, what is the maximum number of doses of PPSV23 a patient should receive in his or her lifetime?
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