25 terms

Gardening Groups Lesson

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

seeds
structures that contain a young plant inside a protective covering
propagation
increasing the number by spreading or extending
germination
process whereby seeds or spores sprout and begin to grow
leaf, leaves
part of the plant that collects sunlight and makes food
stem
supporting structure that connects roots and leaves and carries water and nutrients between them
roots
underground organs that absorb water and minerals
plant slips
root, leaf or bud removed from a plant to propagate a new plant through rooting or grafting
microgreens
cotyledon
A "seed leaf" which develops as a part of the seed. It provides nutrients to the developing seedling and eventually becomes the first leaf of the plant.
shoots
new growth from a plant
transplant
to plant in another place
bulbs and tubers
underground stems that can grow new plants asexually (onions, potatoes)
hydroponic
a technique of growing plants (without soil) in water containing dissolved nutrients
photosynthesis
process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugars and starches
seedlings
young plants grown from seeds
sprouts
young plants that are just starting to grow
soil
a loose mixture of rock fragments, organic material, water, and air that can support the growth of vegetation
microorganisms
organisms that are too small to be seen with the unaided eye
true leaves
the second set of leaves
nutrition
the process of providing or obtaining the food necessary for health and growth
hydration
taking in fluids so that an organism functions properly
air
the mixture of gases surrounding earth
container
a jar, box, or other object used for holding something.
light
a form of energy that can be seen
fertilization
process of amending soil to provide minerals and nutrients beneficial to plant growth

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.