Standing erect, arms at the side, palms of the hands facing forward, and feet placed side by side.
near (the point of attachment of a body part)
toward the tail (downward)
toward the head (upward)
pertaining to a side
pertaining to the middle
pertaining to one side (only)
pertaining to two sides
pertaining to the middle and to the side
pertaining to away (from the point of attachment of a body part)
pertaining to near (to the point of attachment of a body part)
pertaining to below
pertaining to above
pertaining to the tail (similar to inferior)
pertaining to the head
pertaining to the front
pertaining to the back
pertaining to the back
pertaining to the belly (front)
pertaining to the front and to the back
pertaining to the back and to the front
vertical field passing through the body from side to side, dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions
vertical field running through the body from front to back at the midline, dividing the body equally into right and left halves.
vertical field running through the body from front to back, dividing the body into unequal left and right sides.
vertical field running through the body from front to back, dividing the body into right and left sides (any plane parallel to the midsagittal plane)
horizontal field dividing the body into superior and inferior portions.
semi-sitting position with slight elevation of the knees.
lying on back with legs raised and feet in stirrups
sitting erect in a chair or sitting upright in bed supported by pillows behind the head and chest
lying on abdomen, facing downward
lying down in any position
lying on left side with right knee drawn up and with left arm drawn behind, parallel to the back.
lying on back, facing upward
lying on back with body tilted so that the head is lower than the feet
around the navel (umbilicus)
to the right and left of the umbilical region, near the waist
superior to the umbilical region, generally above the stomach
to the right and left of the epigastric region
inferior to the umbilical region
to the right and left of the hypogastric region, near the groin (aka inguinal regions)
right upper quadrant
area encompassing the right lobe of the liver, the gall bladder, part of the pancreas, and portions of the small and large intestines
left upper quadrant
area encompassing the left lobe of the liver, the stomach, the spleen, part of the pancreas, and portions of the small and large intestines
right lower quadrant
area encompassing portions of the small and large intestines, the appendix, the right ureter, and the right ovary and uterine tube in women or the right spermatic duct in men.
left lower quadrant
area encompassing portions of the small and large intestines, the left ureter, and the left ovary and uterine tube in women or the left spermatic duct in men.
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