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Chapter 13 European Middle Ages
Terms in this set (24)
What were three roots of medival culture in western Europe?
-classical heritage Rome
-Beelief of Roman Catholic Church
-the custom of various Germanic tribes
What are three ways that civilization in Western Europe declined after the Roman Empire fell?
-disruption in trade
-downfall of cities
What was the most important achievement of Pope Gregory I?
-made a papacy a secular (involved in worlds powers)
How was the relationship between a Frankish king and the pope beneficial to both?
-Frankish King: had the power of the church behind him
-Pope: had more people becoming christainized
Why was Charles Martel's I tori at the Battle of Tours so important for Christianity?
-If muslims had won, Western Europe might have became part of the Muslim EMpire
What was Charlemagne's greatest achievement?
-the encouragment of learning
A. He surrounded himslef with scholars,built a palace school and ordered monasteries to open schools
What groups invaded Europe in the 800s?
What obligations did a peasant have to the lord of the manor?
-based mostly on farming work
-worked on the land of the lord for most of the day
What were the three social classes of the feudal system?
-Those who fought
-those who prayed
-those who worked
How were the Vikings different from earlier Germanic groups that invaded Europe?
-Vikings: very warlike and proud of it
-they were Northmen and north women
How was a manor largely self-sufficient both militarily and economically during the early Middle Ages?
-They had Knights to fight and serfs to collect food
-it was a small community
What benefits do you think a medical manor provided to the serfs who lived there
-brought them protection and a place to live
What were two inventions from Asia that changed the technology of warfare in western Europe?
-leather saddle ups
Who were the occupants of a castle?
-lord and lady
-knights and other men at arms
What were some of the themes of medieval literature?
-lives of the saints
-values and ethnics as applied to everyday life
How important a role did knights play in the feudal system?
-their main obligation was to serve in battle.
-were expected to display courage in battle and loyalty to their lord
How was the code of chivalry like the idea of romantic love?
-under the code of chivalry, a Knights duty to his lady became as important as his duty to the lord
In what ways were the lives of a noblewoman and a peasant woman the same? different?
-both controlled by men
-Noblewoman= activities at home and religion
-peasant woman= works hard labor
What were some of the matters covered by canon law?
-marridge and religious practices
How did Otto the Great make the crown stronger than the German nobles?
-he followed Charlemagne's practices
-he gained support from the church
Why did lay investiture cause a struggle between kings and popes?
-the king would pick family or friends and the popes didn't want them to be more powerful
-people might not go to the church bc they will think the pope didn't live up to his promises
How was the structure of the Church like that of the feudal system?
-Church had their own organization
-power was based on status
Was the Concordat of Worms a fair compromise for both the emperor and the Church? Why or why not?
-yes it was fair because they were working together rather than apart
Why did German kings fail to unite their lands?
-They went to war with Italian cities
-German princes electing the king weakened Royal authority
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