Ap World UNIT 4
Terms in this set (36)
The network of trading links after 1500 that moved goods, wealth, people, and cultures around the Atlantic Ocean basin
Central American empire constructed by the Mexica and expanded greatly during the fifteenth century
a group of people who leave their native country to form in a new land a settlement subject to, or connected with, the parent nation.
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
Early-sixteenth-century Spanish adventurers who conquered Mexico, Central America, and Peru. (Examples Cortez, Pizarro, Francisco.)
Catholic Church's attempt to stop the protestant movement and to strengthen the Catholic Church
Holy Roman Empire
Loose federation of mostly German states and principalities, headed by an emperor elected by the princes. It lasted from 962 to 1806.
Empire in Peru. conquered by Pizarro, who began an empire for the Spanish in 1535
Missionaries that went to china and spread their scientific knowledge and their religious knowledge.
A person of mixed Native American and European ancestry
Muslim state (1526-1857) exercising dominion over most of India in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
A religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches.
A system of governmen; the king or queen has almost complete power
gold and silver
restricted all foreign trade to the port of Canton (trading season)
Groups of private investors who paid an annual fee to France and England in exchange for a monopoly over trade to the West Indies colonies.
A movement in England during the 1600s and 1700s in which the government took public lands and sold them off to private landowners--contributing to a population shift toward the cities and a rise in agricultural productivity.
Muslim slave warriors; established a dynasty in Egypt; defeated the Mongols in 1260 and halted Mongol advance
Northeast Asian peoples who defeated the Ming Dynasty and founded the Qing Dynasty in 1644, which was the last of China's imperial dynasties.
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
the process of converting something that once was free into a product that is sold(currency)
Russian dynasty that emerged gradually during the era of Mongol domination. The Muscovite dynasty ruled without interruption from 1276 to 1598.
China's last dynasty, which ruled from 1644 to 1912
Seven years' War
The Seven Years' War was a global conflict fought between 1756 and 1763. It involved every European great power of the time and spanned five continents, affecting Europe, the Americas, West Africa, India, and the Philippines.
Thirty Years' War
The Thirty Years' War was a war fought primarily in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648. One of the most destructive conflicts in human history. famine plague etc.
a dynasty of shoguns that ruled a unified Japan from 1603 to 1867, semi feudal
The science/art of making maps
In colonial Spanish America, term used to describe someone of European descent born in the New World. Elsewhere in the Americas, the term is used to describe all nonnative peoples.
The walled section of Beijing where emperors lived between 1121 and 1924.
Great Plaza of Isfahan
Center of Safavid power in the 17th century. Had a public mosque, trading stalls and markets, government offices, and a personal mosque for the shah.
**reflected desire to bring trade, government, and religion together under the authority of the supreme political leader.
The region of the world centered on the islands of the tropical Pacific Ocean
Palace of Versailles
Lavish palace constructed by Louis XIV to reflect his power and might
people born in Spain and Portugal; held most important government jobs and most important positions in catholic church
A beautiful tomb built by the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan to honor his wife.
Political headquarters of the Ottoman Empire, located in Istanbul.
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