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Cog Psych: Exam 1
Terms in this set (24)
The main point of the Donders' reaction time experiments was to
measure the amount of time it takes to make a decision
The first experiments in cognitive psychology were based on the idea that mental responses can be
inferred from the participant's behavior
The founder of the first laboratory of scientific psychology was
The procedure in which trained participants describe their experiences and thought processes in response to stimuli presented under controlled conditions is known as
Which of the following is a criticism of analytic introspection?
it produces variable results from person to person
The investigation of how behavior is strengthened by presentation of positive reinforces (e.g., food) or withdrawal of negative reinforcers (e.g., shock) is best known as
Who proposed that children's language development was caused by imitation and reinforcement?
One of the following conclusions of the Brelands' experiments, in which they used operant conditioning techniques on a raccoon, was that
behavior can't be explained solely on the basis of reinforcements because biologically programmed behavior is important as well
The "cognitive revolution"
was a gradual process that occurred over a few decades
The growing field of _________ refers to the study of the mind as carried out by researchers in many different disciplines.
The key structural components of neurons are
cell body, dendrites, and axon (pg 26)
A synapse is
the space between neurons (pg 27)
Action potentials occur in the
axon (pg 28)
The occipital lobe is
the first place in the cerebral cortex where the visual information is received (pg 30)
The __________ lobe of the cortex serves higher functions such as language, thought, and memory.
frontal (pg 30)
Sarah has experienced brain damage making it difficult for her to understand spatial layout. Which area of her brain has the most likely sustained damage?
Parahippocampal place area (PPA) (pg 32)
The idea that specific functions are processed in many parts of the brain is known as
distributed processing (pg 36)
The layer of neurons that lines the back of the eye is called the
retina (pg 38)
The idea of a grandmother cell is consistent with
specificity coding (pg 39-40)
The concept of distributed neural coding proposes that a specific object, like a face, is represented across a number of
neurons (pg 40)
What are the three metatheories of psychology?
introspection, behaviorism, cognitive
What is structuralism? (Wundt)
experience is determined by combining elements of experience called sensations
Who thought that sensations and thoughts were structures?
During the rise of behaviorism, who: rejected introspection, eliminated consciousness, promoted behavior as main topic, and experimented with classical/operant conditioning?
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