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38 terms

World Religions Islam 2

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Shari'ah
Islamic law
Sunnah
- written moral compass
Hadith
- sayings
Halal
- lawful
Haram
- forbidden
Ijma
-general consensus of community
Quran
-holy Islamic sacred text
Ummah
- community united by faith
Shiite imam
leader, bloodline of Muhammad
caliph
also leader but not bloodline (companions)
Sunni imam
prayer leader at a mosque
mahdi
"rightly guided one" twelvers' messiah in shiite
Islam
religions started by muhammad; praise allah; holy book is qu'ran
muslim
followers of islam
Al'lah
god of Islam
mecca
holy city of Islam
Muhammad
holy prophet of Islam
medina
the city where muhammad went to escape death threats
622 C.E.
muhammad's exile to Medina; start of the Muslim calendar
kaaba
holy landmark of Islam in
Abraham
built the Kabah; patriarch of Islam
extremist jihad
struggle; "holy" war between Islam and the West; made by Muslim extremists
mughal
dynasty that brought islam to india
mainstream jihad
holy struggle
inner jihad
trying to understand God
outer jihad
bringing Muslim community together; trying to correct misunderstanding of Islam
qu'ran
holy book of Islam; recited by God through muhammad's body
tafsir
qu'ran commentary
kufr
rejection of faith; to "cover up" "deny" or "destroy" the word of God; to repel against God
ulama
religious intellectuals
revivalism
movement to support Islam coming back to political power; being the official religions of a state
seclularism
movement to separate church and state
apologetic
defender of Islam
polygyny
having multiple wives
wahhabi
conservative sect of Islam; try and live as close to muhammad as possible; branch of sunni muslims; don't like mystical
hijab
veiling for women to wear in social situation
Quibla
direction in which muslims pray facing the Kaaba
mihrab
niche in a mosque to show the direction of the quibla