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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. James II
  2. steam engine
  3. meritocracy
  4. john locke
  5. war of austrian succession
  1. a English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
  2. b the belief that rulers should be chosen for their superior abilities and not because of their wealth or birth
  3. c This was the Catholic king of England after Charles II that granted everyone religious freedom and even appointed Roman Catholics to positions in the army and government, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1685-1688). The last Stuart king to rule both England and Scotland, he was overthrown by his son-in-law William of Orange
  4. d A machine that turns the energy released by burning fuel into motion. Thomas Newcomen built the first crude but workable steam engine in 1712. James Watt vastly improved his device in the 1760s and 1770s. Steam power was then applied to machinery. (607)
  5. e Conflict caused by the rival claims for the dominions of the Habsburg family. Before the death of Charles VI, Holy Roman emperor and archduke of Austria, many of the European powers had guaranteed that Charles's daughter Maria Theresa would succeed him.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. This treaty ended the Seven Years War
  2. 16th and 17th century in Low countries, where dutch landlords and farmers devised better ways to build dukes and to drain land so that they could farm more extensive areas. They also experimented with new crops, such as clover and turnips, that would increase the supplies of animal fodder and relenish the soil.
  3. a Russian fleet of ships that was sent to defend Russians in the Russo-Japanese War. they traveled 18,000 miles, but many sailors died from heat on the way, and by the time they were cose, the war was over, so they go to Vladistock instead
  4. When Frederick II ignored the Pragamatic Sanction and seized the Austrian province of Silesia.
  5. Dynasty in France started by the reign of King Henry IV, powerful and EXTREMELY wealthy, rulers of this Dynasty wanted hegemony (dominant power), wanted to see shift of balance of power

5 True/False questions

  1. stuart dynastyAfter Queen Elizabeth Tudor's death in 1603, the Stuart Line of rulers came. Started with James I, King of Scotland. (Cousin of Elizabeth.) Then came Charles I, his son. Charles II. Then James II. Then William of Orange.

          

  2. habsburg empireA machine that turns the energy released by burning fuel into motion. Thomas Newcomen built the first crude but workable steam engine in 1712. James Watt vastly improved his device in the 1760s and 1770s. Steam power was then applied to machinery. (607)

          

  3. boyarsRussian landholding aristocrats; possessed less political power than their western European counterparts

          

  4. junkersMembers of the Prussian landed aristocracy, a class formerly associated with political reaction and militarism. hohenzollerns gave them right to controll serfs if they were obedient.

          

  5. hohenzollern dynastyA Prussian dynasty that would emerge Prussia as a powerful German state bcs of land inheritance