400 terms

Geography QR #2

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Identify this most populated of the Canadian prairie provinces, whose capital is Edmonton and whose largest city, Calgary, hosted the 1988 Winter Olympics.
Alberta
Although found in Turkey, it dominates the skyline of the capital of Armenia, Yerevan [yer-uh-VAHN].
(MOUNT) ARARAT
What is the highest peak in Turkey which, according to some scholars, is also the resting place of Noah's ark?
(Mount) Ararat
This nation was recently awarded the 2022 FIFA World Cup. It has been ruled by the al-Thani family since the mid-nineteenth century, transforming itself from a British protectorate known for pearl diving into an independent state with rich oil and natural gas reserves.
QATAR (KAH-tahr or kuh-TAHR)
Name this Middle Eastern country whose capital and largest city is Doha [DOH-hah].
Qatar
In 1884, Germany started to occupy the area that would become this modern country, brutally suppressing uprisings by the Nama [NAH-mah] and Herero [huh-RARE-oh]. Rebel movements such as SWAPO and PLAN fought against South Africa, whose mandate over this country was ruled invalid by the United Nations in 1971.
NAMIBIA
Identify this country of southern Africa, which includes large portions of the Kalahari Desert, and whose capital is Windhoek [VINT-hook].
Namibia
Malagasy [mah-luh-GAH-see], the national language of this country, belongs to the Austronesian [aw-struh-NEE-zhun] and not the Bantu family of languages.
MADAGASCAR
A wide channel named after a country on the mainland separates this country from Africa.
Madagascar
Identify this island nation, colonized by the French, whose capital is Antananarivo [ahn-tah-nah-nah-REE-voh].
Madagascar
Identify this former country, named after a river in South Africa, whose capital was Bloemfontein [BLOOM-fun-tane].
Orange Free State
M.T. Steyn [STINE] was the last state president of this country, serving until its collapse in 1902. With the Transvaal [trans-VAHL], it fought the British during the Second Boer War.
ORANGE FREE STATE
A large portion of the Simpson Desert is located in this self-governing area.
NORTHERN TERRITORY
It is bordered to the north by the Timor Sea and the Gulf of Carpentaria, and its capital is Darwin.
Northern Territory
Name this Australian self-governing area in which one may visit Ayers Rock.
Northern Territory
Prime Minister Xanana Gusmao [shah-NAH-nah GOOSH-mah-ow] has accused Australian entities of trying to steal from the oil reserves of this country.
EAST TIMOR (TEE-more)
Its second largest city, Baucau, [bow-SOWW] is a major agricultural center, though its capital is Dili [DIH-lee].
East Timor
Located about 400 miles northwest of Darwin, Australia, what island nation became independent of neighboring Indonesia in 1999?
East Timor
Beginning in 1979, a crisis in this country was precipitated by rebels who disapproved of the United States' and President Jimmy Carter's apparent support of the existing government.
IRAN
In what country were 52 American citizens kept captive for 444 days, in the capital city of Teheran?
Iran
This country's old North Yungas [YOON-gus] Road is often cited in popular culture as the "Death Road."
(PLURINATIONAL STATE OF) BOLIVIA
It is currently headed by President Evo Morales, who leads from the highest-altitude national capital on Earth.
Bolivia
Identify this landlocked South American nation whose capitals are Sucre and La Paz.
Bolivia
San Ignacio, this country's second largest city, was once a center for the production of chicle [CHEE-klay], used in making chewing gum.
BELIZE (buh-LEEZ)
Along this country's southern border is the Sarstoon River, which separates it from Guatemala.
Belize
What Central American country was once known as British Honduras, and has its capital at Belmopan [bel-moh-PAN]?
Belize
This European city is actually a conglomeration of two cities, one on each side of the Danube.
BUDAPEST
Name this largest city and capital of Hungary.
Budapest
During the latter half of the 18th century, this country's effective ruler was Joseph the First's prime minister, Sebastão de Melo [say-BAS-tee-ow day MAY-loo].
(KINGDOM OF) PORTUGAL
This country threw back a 1762 Spanish invasion with the help of Britain.
Portugal
Identify this nation whose capital was utterly destroyed in 1755, when an earthquake struck its city of Lisbon.
Portugal
This nation is home to the most ancient, still-existing Parliament on earth, which was formed in the tenth century. Identify this nation whose Althing meets in its capital of Reykjavík [RAY-kyuh-veek].
ICELAND
This region was the location of Shamil's [SHAY-meels] mid-1800s resistance against Russian forces.
CHECHNYA (chech-NEE-yah; chech-NYAH) (Accept: CHECHEN [chih-CHEN] (REPUBLIC))
Current capital city is Grozny [GRAWZ-nee], which was captured and occupied by Russian troops in March 1995 and February 2000.
Chechenya (Accept: Chechen)
Identify this semi-autonomous region of Russia, a Caucasus "republic" that is home to an ongoing guerrilla insurgency.
Chechenya (Accept: Chechen)
The Amu Darya [ah-MOO DAHR-yah] empties into the Aral Sea in the western portion of this country.
UZBEKISTAN (ooz-BECK-uh-stahn, -stan)
In the eastern portion of this country, dominated by the Kyzyl Kum [kih-ZIL KOOM] desert, is the Fergana [fer-GAH-nuh] Valley and the city of Samarkand [SAM-ur-kand].
Uzbekistan
What central Asian nation is bordered by Kazakhstan [kah-zahk-STAHN], Turkmenistan [turk-meh-nuh-STAHN], and Tajikistan [tuh-JICK-uh-stahn] to the southeast, and has its capital at Tashkent [tahsh-KENT].
Uzbekistan
On March 15, 2011, a protest in this country's city of Daraa [duh-RAH] set off a national uprising that has involved clashes between this nation's "Free Army" and the existing national military.
SYRIA(N ARAB REPUBLIC)
Identify this nation in which protestors demanded the resignation of President Bashar al-Assad [bah-SHAHR ahl AH-sah], whose capital is Damascus.
Syrian
This country's deserts include the Lut [LOOT] and the Kavir [kah-VEER], both of which lie on its namesake Asian plateau.
(ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF) IRAN
The Zagros [ZA-grus] Mountains stretch from the Strait of Hormuz [HORE-myooz] on its southern coast to its western border with Iraq [ih-ROCK].
Iran
Name the country where Farsi is spoken, historically known as Persia, whose capital is Tehran [teh-RAHN].
Iran
The First Treaty of London, which established this country's independence, required the European "Great Powers" to protect its neutral status.
(KINGDOM OF) BELGIUM
The First Treaty of London preceded the 1843 Treaty of Maastricht [mah-STRICT], which defined this country's northern border with the Netherlands.
Belgium
What often-invaded European country hosts the headquarters of NATO and the European Union in its capital city, Brussels?
Belgium
It claims territory from both Guyana to the west and French Guiana [gee-AH-nuh] to the east.
Suriname
This country's only undisputed land border is between its Sipaliwini [sih-pal-ih-WIN-ee] region and Brazil to the south.
(REPUBLIC OF) SURINAME (SOOR-uh-nahm)
What former Dutch colony is the smallest country in South America, and has a capital at Paramaribo [par-uh-MAR-uh-boh]?
Suriname
This country controls roughly a quarter of Lake Nyasa [nigh-AS-uh], with the rest disputed by Tanzania and Malawi.
(REPUBLIC OF) MOZAMBIQUE (moh-zam-BEEK(
The Limpopo and Zambezi Rivers drain into its namesake channel, which separates it from Madagascar.
Mozambique
What Portuguese-speaking country of southeastern Africa has its capital at Maputo [muh-POO-toe]?
Mozambique
The Awsa Sultanate sold this country's port of Assab in 1869 to a shipping company backed by Camillo di Cavour.
Eritrea (er-ih-TREE-uh)
After Menelik the Second relinquished it in 1889, it became the first Italian colony in Africa.
Eritrea (er-ih-TREE-uh)
What country between Ethiopia and the Red Sea has its capital at Asmara [ahs-MAHR-uh]?
Eritrea (er-ih-TREE-uh)
After World War Two and the death of King George the Second, this nation fell into a civil war between communist and anticommunist forces.
Greece
In 2010, its economy was teetering on the brink of collapse, and the European Union supplied 240 billion euros to bail out the economy.
Greece
What nation on the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula was the center of the classical world, and has its capital at Athens?
Greece
Although not in the Middle East, this country has a region called Mesopotamia, which lies between the Paraná [pahr-ah-NAH] and Uruguay rivers.
Argentina (Accept: ARGENTINE REPUBLIC)
It contains most of the Pampas, and shares Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego with Chile.
Argentina
Identify the second-largest country in South America, which has its capital at Buenos Aires.
Argentina
This river's tributaries include the Ubangi and Lualaba [loo-ah-LAH-bah]. It passes through the Livingstone Falls downstream from where two capital cities, Brazzaville and Kinshasa, lie across from each other.
Congo (River)
Name the second-longest river in Africa, which has both a "Republic" and a "Democratic Republic" named after it.
Congo (River)
In honor of the governor of the Dutch East Indies, this island was first called Van Diemen's Land. Its two major cities are Launceston and the capital, Hobart.
Tasmania
What island is separated by the Bass Strait from the Australian mainland?
Tasmania
It experienced troubled times in the twentieth century because of the IRA's campaign against the British presence there.
Belfast
This city is home to the Harland and Wolff shipyard, where the Titanic was built.
Belfast
What is the capital and largest city of Northern Ireland?
Belfast
This city is the only national capital located in the roaring forties, the Southern Hemisphere westerly winds between 40 and 50 degrees latitude.
Wellington
It is the second most populous city in its country, behind Auckland.
Wellington
What city, known as the southernmost national capital in the world, is the capital of New Zealand?
Wellington
This city is centered on the east bank of the Hugli [HOOG-lee] River about 100 miles upstream of the Bay of Bengal.
Kolkata (Accept: Calcutta, Kalikata)
Mother Teresa's Missionaries of Charity congregation was based in this city, the capital of British India from 1772 to 1911.
Kolkata (Accept: Calcutta, Kalikata)
The capital of the Free State province, this city is also one of South Africa's judicial capital.
BLOEMFONTEIN
It was founded in 1846, and became the capital of the Boers' Orange Free State in 1854.
Bloemfontein
What sixth-largest city in South Africa has a name that means "Fountain of Flowers"?
Bloemfontein
This country's highest peak, Doyle's Delight, is in a spur of the Maya Mountains near its western border with Guatemala.
Belize
What Central American country, once known as British Honduras, has its capital at Belmopan?
Belize
This country is almost completely landlocked, except for a narrow stretch that touches the Adriatic Sea.
BOSNIA (AND) HERZEGOVINA (Must include both names in this order)
The Sava river is the largest in the country, and drains over three-fourths of the country before it joins the Danube River.
Bosnia (and) Herzegovina
Which Balkan country has its capital located at Sarajevo?
Bosnia (and) Herzegovina
The country was created after two civil wars, two treaties, and a referendum for independence that passed with almost 99% of the vote.
South Sudan
In 2011, this country approved a gradual move of its capital to Ramciel [RAHM-see-el].
(REPUBLIC OF) SOUTH SUDAN
The revival of this nation gained impetus in 1835 when Vasil Aprilov established a school in Gabrovo [GOB-roe-voh].
BULGARIA
What Balkan nation won its independence in 1878, and has its capital at Sofia?
Bulgaria
A premature uprising against Ottoman rule led to Russian intervention, and the epic battle against the Turks at Shipka Pass.
Bulgari
What country is the setting for a Giacomo Meyerbeer opera about a massacre of its Protestants, The Huguenots [HYOO-guh-nots]?
FRANCE
This landlocked nation takes its name from extensive ruins that feature a kraal [KRAHL] surrounded by massive stone walls. It is bounded by Zambia, Mozambique, South Africa, and Botswana, and has its capital at Harare [huh-RAHR-ay].
ZIMBABWE (zim-BOB-way)
Southern Rhodesia
Zimbabwe
Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwe
This city's lively political life has earned it the nickname of the "city of posters." In the nineteenth century, it was the home of the Bengali elite, and it was the capital of British India from 1772 to 1911.
Kolkata (Accept: Calcutta)
What city is the capital of the state of West Bengal, and is one of India's major ports?
Kolkata (Accept: Calcutta)
This landlocked country has natural irrigation provided only by the Chari [SHAHR-ee] River and its tributaries. The fifth-largest country in Africa by area, it has a population of only 20 per square mile.
Chad
Identify this former French territory in north-central Africa, which has its capital at N'Djamena [un-jah-MAY-nah].
Chad
The Neva River is known for causing floods in this city, and it is home to sites such as the Smolny Institute and the Winter Palace. Identify this former capital of Russia.
SAINT PETERSBURG
It was first built on the land of Ingria, which was ceded to the victor of the Great Northern War.
Saint Petersburg
This city was hit by three bomb blasts after a resident of its Molenbeek [MOH-lun-bayk] district was arrested. One bomb exploded on a train that had just left the Maelbeek [MAHL-bayk] metro station. What European capital also saw at least 15 killed, including a Kentucky native, at its air terminal in March 2016?
BRUSSELS (BELGIUM)
Its national language is Khmer [kuh-MAIR].
CAMBODIA
Made up French Indochina with Cambodia and Laos
Vietnam
Made up French Indochina with Cambodia and Vietnam
Laos
Made up French Indochina with Laos and Vietnam
Cambodia
Kampuchea
Cambodia
river that is considered the largest river in the world by volume
Amazon River
slightly shorter than the longest river in the world "Nile River"
Amazon River
Longest river in Asia, third longest in the world
Yangtze (River) (Accept: Ch'ang Chi'ang)
Three Gorges Dam river
Yangtze (River)
River flows from Tibet to South China Sea
Yangtze (River)
Holiest river in Hinduism
Ganges (River)
Creates world's largest delta
Ganges (River)
China's sorrow
Huang Ho (Yellow River)
Longest river in Canada
Mackenzie (River)
River in Paris
Seine (River)
River flows through Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, and Bratislava.
Danube (River)
Longest river in United Kingdom
Thames (River)
London River
Thames (River)
Starts in Tibet, merges with the Ganges river
Brahmaputra (River)
Southeast Asian River
Mekong (River)
Middle-Eastern river in Syria, flowing Dead Sea through the Sea of Galilee
Jordan (River)
Indian river, site of early civilization
Indus (River)
World's largest desert
Antarctica
World's second largest desert and largest hot desert.
Sahara (Desert)
World's driest hot desert
Atacama (Desert)
Red sand desert in Southern Africa
Kalahari (Desert)
Coastal African desert in Angola and Namibia
Namib (Desert)
Desert in Israel
Negev (Desert)
Tallest active Antarctic volcano
(Mount) Erebus
Sicilian volcano
(Mount) Etna
Most active Hawaiian volcano
Kilauea
Indonesian volcano that erupted in 1883, creating the loudest sound in history
Krakatoa
Phillipines volcano
(Mount) Pinatubo
Only active volcano on mainland Europe
(Mount) Vesuvius
Only surviving ancient wonder of the world
(Great) Pyramid of Giza
Nebuchadnezzar built this ancient wonder to please his wife
Hanging Gardens (of Babylon)
Ivory and gold statue made by Greek sculptor Phideas. One of the ancient wonders of the world.
Statue of Zeus at Olympia
Ancient wonder at Ephesus
Temple of Artemis
Ancient wonder in present day Turkey, was a shrine dedicated by Queen Artemisia to her husband, King Mausolus
Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
Statue of Helios built by Chares of Lyndor which stood next to a harbor. Wonder was destroyed by an earthquake and then scrapped by Arab raiders.
Colossus of Rhodes
This ancient wonder was built in Egypt in the 3rd century BCE by Sostratus of Cindus
Lighthouse of Alexandria
This modern wonder was made a UNESCO heritage site in 1983
Taj Mahal
Mughal wonder
Taj Mahal
Room of three windows, Intihuatana, and Temple of the Sun
Machu Picchu
"At the mouth of the well of Itza"
Chichen Itza
Artificial islands under construction in Dubai
Palm Islands
Tallest manmade structure
Burj Khalifa
Tallest free standing structure in Western Hemisphere
CN Tower
World's largest coral reef
Great Barrier (Reef)
African watefall in Zimbabwe and Zambia which is the largest in the world
Victoria Falls
This dam was designed by the Soviet Hydroproject Institute.
ASWAN (HIGH DAM)
Concerned about the destruction of historical sites UNESCO led a rescue effort in 1960, preserving, among others, the Great Temple of Abu Simbel.
ASWAN (HIGH DAM)
This UNESCO World Heritage site contains hundred of ruins, some of them 1,300 years old.
MESA VERDE (NATIONAL PARK)
Dwellings were first built on mesa tops about A.D. 750, during the Pueblo One period, then shifted to canyon walls about 400 years later.
MESA VERDE (NATIONAL PARK)
This UNESCO World Heritage site is at the northernmost tip of the island of Newfoundland.
L'ANSE AUX [LAHN so] MEADOWS
Its settlements, dating from 1000, share a possible connection with Leif Ericson's settlement of Vinland.
L'ANSE AUX [LAHN so] MEADOWS
Name this first known European settlement in the New World, proof of pre-Columbian Norse exploration in North America.
L'ANSE AUX [LAHN so] MEADOWS
On September 12, 1940, a French teenage boy reported seeing paintings near this southwestern village.
LASCAUX [las-KOH]
Experts determined that the horses, cattle and deer painted on the walls were about 17,000 years old.
LASCAUX [las-KOH]
The cave paintings near what French village were named a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1979?
LASCAUX [las-KOH]
In 1964, this country joined with Tanganyika [tan-gan-YEE-ka] to form the United Republic of Tanzania [tan-zuh-NEE-uh].
ZANZIBAR
It consists of two islands, Unguja [un-GOO-juh] and Pemba
ZANZIBAR
has a UNESCO World Heritage Site called Stone Town.
ZANZIBAR
Identify this predominantly Islamic state off the east coast of Tanzania
ZANZIBAR
the original home of Freddie Mercury of Queen.
ZANZIBAR
Of the 911 locations currently designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, this country has the most, with over 40.
ITALY
The name of this UNESCO World Heritage Site translates from Arabic as "the red one."
ALHAMBRA
It is unique for its integration of Muslim and Christian art and architecture, which resulted haphazardly due to changes in political control throughout its history.
ALHAMBRA
Identify this palace and fortress complex, constructed during the mid-14th century, by the Moorish rulers of the Emirate of Granada in southern Spain.
ALHAMBRA
This is the only university in the United States to be designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site, an honor bestowed because of its unique architecture.
(UNIVERSITY OF) VIRGINIA
It was established in 1819 on land purchased by James Monroe,
(UNIVERSITY OF) VIRGINIA
and James Madison served as rector from 1826 until his death.
(UNIVERSITY OF) VIRGINIA
Identify the university designed as an "Academical Village"
(UNIVERSITY OF) VIRGINIA
UNESCO [yoo-NES-koh] designated this North American site a World Heritage Site in 1978.
L'ANSE AUX MEADOWS [LAN-soh MEH-dohs]
The site apparently contains the remains of at least three separate settlements.
L'ANSE AUX MEADOWS [LAN-soh MEH-dohs]
Identify the site in Newfoundland where the Norse settled near the end of the 10th century A.D.
L'ANSE AUX MEADOWS [LAN-soh MEH-dohs]
This building was completed in 1753 and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
INDEPENDENCE HALL
The design of the building, after much arguing, was awarded to Andrew Hamilton.
INDEPENDENCE HALL
This site was rediscovered in 1922, and was named a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1980.
MOHENJO-DARO
Its most notable artistic artifact is a bronze figure of a dancing girl wearing nothing but bracelets.
MOHENJO-DARO
Identify this ancient city of the Indus Valley civilization, located southwest of Harappa.
MOHENJO-DARO
This ancient site was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1987, and a national monument in 1907.
CHACO CANYON
It contains the great houses called Pueblo Bonito, Pueblo Alto, and Una Vida [VEE-dah].
CHACO CANYON
Name this location that was the home to the Anasazi.
CHACO CANYON
This effigy and eight other nearby earthworks have been proposed as a UNESCO World Heritage site.
(GREAT) SERPENT MOUND
excavations by Frederic Ward Putnam,
(GREAT) SERPENT MOUND
it was considered an Adena site, but is now assigned to the Fort Ancient culture.
(GREAT) SERPENT MOUND
What earthwork in Adams County, Ohio, coils for over 1,300 feet?
(GREAT) SERPENT MOUND
This island was settled sometime around A.D. 300, and became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995.
EASTER (ISLAND) (Accept: RAPA NUI, ISLA DE PASCUA)
Its Polynesian settlers, who divided themselves into Long Ears and Short Ears, nearly died out due to lack of resources and diseases brought by Europeans.
EASTER (ISLAND) (Accept: RAPA NUI, ISLA DE PASCUA)
Name this island that is part of Chile,
EASTER (ISLAND) (Accept: RAPA NUI, ISLA DE PASCUA)
This national park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is near the base of the Guadalupe Mountains.
CARLSBAD CAVERNS (NATIONAL PARK)
One of the men who mined bat guano there, James Larkin White, began giving tours there, using kerosene lanterns.
CARLSBAD CAVERNS (NATIONAL PARK)
What national park in New Mexico is one of the largest cave chambers in the U.S.?
CARLSBAD CAVERNS (NATIONAL PARK)
contains the Big Room
CARLSBAD CAVERNS (NATIONAL PARK)
The ruins of this city, which is a UNESCO World Heritage site, are now part of a national park in Guatemala.
TIKAL [tee-KAHL]
It was first occupied in the Middle Formative Period, which lasted from 900 to 300 B.C., and became a major ceremonial center in the Late Formative Period.
TIKAL [tee-KAHL]
What city was the largest urban center in the Mayan lowlands?
TIKAL [tee-KAHL]
This landmark is known for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system.
PETRA
nicknamed "Rose City" because of the color of the stone out of which it is carved.
PETRA
Name this UNESCO World Heritage site in southwestern Jordan.
PETRA
It was named a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1978, and was made a national park at the behest of Ferdinand Hayden.
YELLOWSTONE (NATIONAL PARK)
It is located in Wyoming, Montana and Idaho, and sits atop an active volcanic caldera [kahl-DAYR-uh].
YELLOWSTONE (NATIONAL PARK)
It covers more than 16,500 square miles, and its residents are called Yoopers.
UPPER PENINSULA
What part of Michigan is connected to the rest of the state by the Mackinac [MACK-uh-naw] suspension bridge?
UPPER PENINSULA
The Wappo tribe gave the southern part of this valley a name that means "Land of Plenty."
NAPA (VALLEY)
What valley in west-central California is now known for its bustling wine industry?
NAPA (VALLEY)
What river is associated with a failed 1973 exploit undertaken by Evel Knievel?
SNAKE (RIVER)
It begins near the southeastern corner of Yellowstone National Park, and joins the Columbia River near Pasco, Washington.
SNAKE (RIVER)
This river's course takes it through the Hells Canyon National Recreation Area.
SNAKE (RIVER)
Technically, it's a reservoir, which was created in 1952 when the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers built Wolf Creek Dam in southern Kentucky. Identify this lake, which shares its name with the river dammed up to create it.
(LAKE) CUMBERLAND
General Burnside State Park is located on an island in the middle of this lake.
(LAKE) CUMBERLAND
7. This city still uses the basic layout proposed by founder James Oglethorpe in 1733.
SAVANNAH (GEORGIA)
Name this city, which is known for its cobblestone streets, parks and Paula Deen.
SAVANNAH (GEORGIA)
What are these nutrient-rich aquatic areas, where salt water from the ocean meets fresh water from rivers?
ESTUARIES
92. As these aquatic zones' shores harbor over sixty percent of the world's population, they suffer severe pollution and damage.
ESTUARIES
. Name this state, where the global chemical company Du Pont has its headquarters.
DELAWARE
2. This state has only three counties, fewer than any other state.
DELAWARE
It was first settled by the Dutch, but in 1638, a colony named New Sweden was settled near the mouth of the river that also bears its name
DELAWARE
What city welcomes about 32 million tourists every year, who visit such sites as Six Flags, SeaWorld, the Riverwalk and the Alamo?
SAN ANTONIO (TEXAS)
What American city surrendered to the British without violent conflict when it fell under siege during the War of 1812?
DETROIT(, MICHIGAN)
The island is 118 miles long and 12 to 20 miles wide. Its western part is urban, but the eastern half is still largely rural. Identify this island that is part of New York and parallels Connecticut.
LONG (ISLAND)
What hurricane caused more than 1,800 deaths, and flooded New Orleans when it hit Louisiana in 2005?
(HURRICANE) KATRINA
This park's original inhabitants built partially underground pit houses on the mesa top, then began building surface houses about 750. Identify this site in southwestern Colorado that contains hundreds of pueblo ruins.
MESA VERDE (NATIONAL PARK)
The range stretches for about 40 miles in Wyoming, with some foothills in Idaho. In what range is Jackson Hole, Wyoming, located?
TETON
What is this site in Arizona, where one can find rock exposed from the Proterozoic Era, a timespan that began over two billion years ago?
GRAND CANYON
Groups of people inhabiting the area of this national park included the Cohonina, Sinagua, and Ancient Pueblo.
GRAND CANYON
The first Europeans to see what would become this national park were the men of Francisco Coronado in 1540.
GRAND CANYON
Major cities on it include Thunder Bay, Ontario, and Marquette, Michigan.
(LAKE) SUPERIOR
What Great Lake is the largest freshwater lake in North America?
(LAKE) SUPERIOR
In the case of Death Valley, this feature was created when huge slabs of earth fell between two parallel normal faults. Name this low-lying valley feature that is the opposite of a raised area known as a horst.
GRABEN [GRAH-bun]
The Salt Lake and Death Valleys in the U.S. are examples of this geological feature, whose name is German for "trench."
GRABEN [GRAH-bun]
U.S. naval forces defeated a British fleet there on September 11, 1814, causing the British to abandon a plan to invade New York.
(LAKE) CHAMPLAIN [sham-PLANE]
Name this lake that forms the boundary between Vermont and New York.
(LAKE) CHAMPLAIN [sham-PLANE]
In 1998, this lake would have been named the sixth Great Lake under legislation introduced by Senator Patrick Leahy [LAY-hee] of Vermont.
(LAKE) CHAMPLAIN [sham-PLANE]
It is characterized by rocky ground, sinkholes, underground rivers, and few surface streams and lakes. What type of terrain is found in Florida and in the cave country of Central Kentucky?
KARST
Cities on this body of water include Duluth [duh-LOOTH] and Thunder Bay. The Porcupine Mountains lie on this lake, in Michigan's Upper Peninsula. Name this largest of the Great Lakes.
(LAKE) SUPERIOR
Carter Lake sits on its border with Iowa, while the North Platte and South Platte rivers meet in its western section.
NEBRASKA
This state's Scotts Bluff was one of the highlights of the Oregon Trail.
NEBRASKA
Identify this state, whose largest city is Omaha [OH-muh-ha].
NEBRASKA
Name this longest river in Georgia.
CHATTAHOOCHEE [chat-uh-HOO-chee] RIVER
This river joins with its largest tributary, the Flint River, to form Lake Seminole.
CHATTAHOOCHEE [chat-uh-HOO-chee] RIVER
A country music singer, Alan Jackson sung about this river saying it gets hotter than a "hoochie coochie".
CHATTAHOOCHEE [chat-uh-HOO-chee] RIVER
Lake Borgne [BORN] separates this body of water from the Gulf of Mexico, while the city of Slidell sits to the northeast. Name this large body of water, located just north of New Orleans.
LAKE PONTCHARTRAIN [PAHN-chur-train]
Which of the five Great Lakes lies entirely within the United States?
(LAKE) MICHIGAN
This lake is connected to Lake Huron by the Straits of Mackinac, and to the Illinois River by a canal.
(LAKE) MICHIGAN
The largest cities in Wisconsin and Illinois are on its shores.
(LAKE) MICHIGAN
, it is actually more of a tidal lagoon than a lake. Along the shores of what lake is the city of New Orleans built?
(LAKE) PONTCHARTRAIN
It is in Placer County, California, northwest of Lake Tahoe. Name this area, which hosted the 1960 Winter Olympics.
SQUAW VALLEY
This state's motto is, "If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look around you," It also touches four of the five Great Lakes.
MICHIGAN
It also touches four of the five Great Lakes. Name this state, which -- despite its nickname -- has absolutely no wolverines.
MICHIGAN
it consists of two peninsulas - one that looks like a mitten; the other, like a running rabbit.
MICHIGAN
it is connected to its sister lake, Michigan, by the five-mile-wide Straits of Mackinac [MACK-in-aw].
(LAKE) HURON
Name this Great Lake, second in size only to Lake Superior.
(LAKE) HURON
This lake is intensely blue, and is more than 1,600 feet deep in places.
(LAKE) TAHOE
What lake, with its surrounding forests, is a popular tourist destination in the Sierra Nevadas?
(LAKE) TAHOE
Its creation led to the formation of Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake, and it provides water for the Columbia Basin Project.
GRAND COULEE (DAM)
Identify this large dam on the Columbia River in Washington.
GRAND COULEE (DAM)
Water leaves the lake through the Niagara River, and the lake's greatest depth is only 210 feet. Name the fourth-largest of the Great Lakes by surface area.
(LAKE) ERIE
Rivers that drain into this lake include the Cuyahoga [kigh-uh-HOE-guh], Sandusky, and Portage in Ohio, and the Grand River in Ontario.
(LAKE) ERIE
This Cleveland river has caught on fire a bunch of times.
Cuyahoga River
The dam upstream from this city held back Lake Conemaugh [KAHN-uh-mah] until it finally broke following alterations to the project conducted by members of the club. What city was decimated by an 1889 flood that killed over 2,200 people in Pennsylvania?
JOHNSTOWN(, PENNSYLVANIA)
What American city surrendered to the British without violent conflict when it fell under siege during the War of 1812?
DETROIT(, MICHIGAN)
This North American city received its name from French missionaries and traders, who described its namesake river using the French word for "strait." The "strait" described connects Lakes Erie and Huron.
DETROIT(, MICHIGAN)
Stretches of horizontal land, they are the remnants of former salt lakes. What do we call these formations, an example of which occurs near Bonneville, Utah?
SALT FLATS
Name this collection of lakes found in Upstate New York that, when viewed by satellite imaging, resembles certain body features.
FINGER (LAKES)
The largest two of this group of bodies of water are Seneca and Cayuga Lakes.
FINGER (LAKES)
. In 2005, many levees along this lake broke during Hurricane Katrina, allowing water to flood into New Orleans. Identify this lake of southern Louisiana, along which New Orleans is located.
(LAKE) PONTCHARTRAIN [PON-char-train]
Identify this fault where an earthquake once caused the Mississippi River to change direction.
NEW MADRID [MAD-rid] (FAULT ZONE)
Reelfoot Lake was formed as a result of activity in this fault zone.
NEW MADRID [MAD-rid] (FAULT ZONE)
Its largest lake, Lake Lanier, is located in the northern part of the state and is fed by the Chestatee and the Chattahoochee rivers.
GEORGIA
What city of the Pacific Northwest is home to the Space Needle?
SEATTLE (WASHINGTON)
Situated between Puget Sound and Lake Washington, its salmon industry has been threatened by a deadly virus.
SEATTLE (WASHINGTON)
Major corporations based in this city include Amazon and Starbucks.
SEATTLE (WASHINGTON)
Which river flows through Shreveport and Alexandria in Louisiana, and lends its name to the rivalry football game between Texas and Oklahoma?
RED (RIVER) (Accept: RED RIVER OF THE SOUTH)
It flows through Palo Duro [PAL-oh DURE-oh] Canyon, then through Lake Texoma near Denison, before joining the Mississippi.
RED (RIVER) (Accept: RED RIVER OF THE SOUTH)
This river, which Thomas Jefferson wanted explored in addition to the Missouri, begins when Prairie Dog Town Fork joins Buck Creek, at the border of two states
RED (RIVER) (Accept: RED RIVER OF THE SOUTH)
Name this Great Lake on which the city of Chicago is located.
(LAKE) MICHIGAN
Beaver Island, the largest island in this body of water, was once the home of a Mormon kingdom under the rule of James Strang.
(LAKE) MICHIGAN
It straddles five counties, including Palm Beach and Glades. Identify the largest lake of Florida.
(LAKE) OKEECHOBEE
This lake's main source is the Kissimmee [kih-SIM-ee] River,
(LAKE) OKEECHOBEE
Caves and sinkholes are common, because water easily dissolves the surrounding bedrock. What type of topography is made of carbonate rocks, generally limestone, and is common in Kentucky?
KARST (TOPOGRAPHY)
It contains the Apostle Islands and Isle Royale, which belong to Wisconsin and Michigan, respectively. Name this lake, the northernmost and largest of the Great Lakes.
(LAKE) SUPERIOR
This is the northernmost U.S. national park east of the Mississippi River. It is less than 20 miles from the shores of both Minnesota and Canada. What national park in Lake Superior is noted for its intensely studied population of wolves?
ISLE ROYALE (NATIONAL PARK)
The 29-mile river flows in a northerly direction along the Kentucky-West Virginia border. What eastern Kentucky river flows into the Ohio River at Catlettsburg?
BIG SANDY (RIVER)
Which river in the Pacific Northwest forms a major portion of the border between Oregon and Washington?
COLUMBIA (RIVER)
Its major tributaries include the Willamette, Yakima, Snake, and Spokane Rivers.
COLUMBIA (RIVER)
This river begins at a lake in British Columbia near the crest of the Rocky Mountains.
COLUMBIA (RIVER)
It flows through Lake Mead before turning south towards Mexico.
COLORADO (RIVER)
Name this river, which empties into the Gulf of California and created the Grand Canyon.
COLORADO (RIVER)
The southern river of this name flows into the Mississippi, and forms part of the border between Texas and Oklahoma.
RED (RIVER)
The northern river with this name flows into Lake Winnipeg, and forms the border between North Dakota and Minnesota.
RED (RIVER)
What lake separates Minnesota from the Northwest Angle, the northernmost point in the contiguous United States?
LAKE OF THE WOODS
What seat of King County, situated on the isthmus between Puget Sound and Lake Washington, was, as of 2013, the fastest-growing city in the U.S.?
SEATTLE (WASHINGTON)
It welcomed the headquarters of many technology companies during the 1980s and the 1990s, including Amazon and Microsoft.
SEATTLE (WASHINGTON)
This lake takes its name from the French for upper. Its ports include Duluth, Minnesota; Marquette, Michigan; and Thunder Bay, Ontario.
(LAKE) SUPERIOR
This mountain range lies between the Sierra Nevadas to the south and the Coast Range to the north.
CASCADES (Accept: CASCADE MOUNTAINS, RANGE)
What range, which includes Mount St. Helens, has its highest peak at Mount Rainier [ruh-NEER]?
CASCADES (Accept: CASCADE MOUNTAINS, RANGE)
Among its tourist attractions are the Lava Beds National Monument and Crater Lake National Park.
CASCADES (Accept: CASCADE MOUNTAINS, RANGE)
The Keweenawan [kuh-WEEN-uh-wahn] Rift crosses much of this system,
GREAT LAKES
They are connected to the Atlantic via the St. Lawrence Seaway.
GREAT LAKES
has been referred to as the Inland Seas.
GREAT LAKES
s. Name this mountain range, whose highest point is Mt. Rainier [ruh-NEER], at over 14,000 feet tall.
CASCADES (Accept: CASCADE (MOUNTAINS))
This mountain range extends throughout the Pacific Northwest before crossing into British Columbia
CASCADES (Accept: CASCADE (MOUNTAINS))
It has a number of active volcanoes, as demonstrated in 1980 by the eruption of Mt. St. Helen
CASCADES (Accept: CASCADE (MOUNTAINS))
Identify this county of southeastern Kentucky, which contains Kentucky's highest point, Black Mountain.
HARLAN (COUNTY)
This Kentucky county was referred to as "Bloody _________" in the early 1900s due to the violent clashes between coal mining unions and mine owners
HARLAN (COUNTY)
Name this national park in southeastern Texas along the Rio Grande.
BIG BEND (NATIONAL PARK)
At 21, he found Great Salt Lake when, to settle a bet, he boated down the Bear River. Later, he fell afoul of Brigham Young, and guided an Army detachment in the Utah War of 1857-58. Name this mountain man who was among the first to explore the Yellowstone region.
(JIM) BRIDGER
Identify this mountain in Maine that is the northern terminus of the Appalachian Trail.
(MOUNT) KATAHDIN [kuh-TAH-dun]
Half in North Carolina and half in Tennessee, it is the second highest peak east of the Mississippi River.
CLINGMANS DOME
What mountain has the highest point on the Appalachian Trail, and is the highest point in Tennessee?
CLINGMANS DOME
What Alaska volcano is named for the baron who was governor of Russian America from 1830 to 1836?
(MOUNT) WRANGELL
Name this California mountain, the highest in the contiguous United States.
(MOUNT) WHITNEY
The Kern River originates near this mountain in the Sierra Nevadas.
(MOUNT) WHITNEY
What is this tallest North American mountain located in the Alaska Range?
MOUNT MCKINLEY (Accept: DENALI)
This mountain was first discovered George Vancouver in 1794, but it was not until 1903 that someone attempted to ascend it.
MOUNT MCKINLEY (Accept: DENALI)
What is the tallest mountain in the Appalachian Mountain Range?
MOUNT MITCHELL
It was the highest point in the Union until 1845 when Texas became part of the United States
MOUNT MITCHELL
The namesake of this mountain was a North Carolina Professor who fell to his death in 1857 after trying to verify his earlier measurements of this mountain.
MOUNT MITCHELL
This range contains the highest point in the contiguous United States at over 14,000 feet.
SIERRA NEVADA(S) (MOUNTAINS)
This mountain range was discovered by Pedro Fages [FAY giss] in 1772
SIERRA NEVADA(S) (MOUNTAINS)
What is this western mountain range that includes Mount Whitney, Yosemite Valley and Lake Tahoe?
SIERRA NEVADA(S) (MOUNTAINS)
It extends from Alabama northward as far as Newfoundland and Labrador. What ancient mountain range includes the Allegheny and Blue Ridge Mountains?
APPALACHIAN (MOUNTAINS) (Accept: APPALACHIANS)
Identify the desert that covers the western half of Utah and nearly all of Nevada.
GREAT BASIN (DESERT)
This desert, one of the four divisions of the North American Desert, is bounded on the east by the Wasatch [WAW-satch] Mountains.
GREAT BASIN (DESERT)
The Sierra Nevadas border it to the west, while its southern border is the Mojave [mo-HA-vee] Desert.
GREAT BASIN (DESERT)
What two words identify this ridge, located just south of Chattanooga, Tennessee, near the borders with Alabama and Georgia?
LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN
A marketing strategy claimed that tourists can see seven states from its summit, but that has been disproved.
LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN
A Civil War battle at this location took place at this mountain on November 24, 1863.
LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN
the tallest mountain in the state is Clingmans Dome.
TENNESSEE
Although it measures just under 14,000 feet above sea level, this mountain actually measures over 33,000 feet in height if you measure from its base at the bottom of the Pacific Ocean.
MAUNA KEA [MAW-nuh KAY-uh or KEE-ah]
Name this tallest mountain on earth whose name means "white mountain" in Hawaiian.
MAUNA KEA [MAW-nuh KAY-uh or KEE-ah]
This type of mining produces significant quantities of waste and can leave behind tracts of unusable, scarred land. Identify this type of mineral extraction, where layers of soil above underground minerals are removed in order to access the minerals.
SURFACE (MINING) (Accept: STRIP (MINING))
One of the most controversial examples of this category of mineral extraction is mountaintop removal.
SURFACE (MINING) (Accept: STRIP (MINING))
It is about 50 miles southeast of Portland. Name this highest mountain in Oregon.
(MOUNT) HOOD
Home to twelve glaciers, this stratovolcano [stra-toe-vahl-KAY-noe] is the fourth-highest in the Cascade Range.
(MOUNT) HOOD
This feature is characterized by its large number of natural arches, the largest concentration east of the Rocky Mountains.
(THE) RED RIVER (GORGE)
Identify this gorge, located in the Daniel Boone National Forest; the most well known arch it contains is Natural Bridge.
(THE) RED RIVER (GORGE)
Located in the Sonoran Desert, they are the site of the Lost Dutchman's Mine, though no treasure has been discovered. Name this "mystical" Arizona range that lies east of Phoenix.
SUPERSTITION MOUNTAINS (Accept: SUPERSTITIONS)
By Newfound Gap, one can access its highest point, Clingmans Dome. Identify this range that runs along the Tennessee-North Carolina border.
(GREAT) SMOKY MOUNTAINS (Accept: SMOKIES)
Name this volcanic mountain in the Cascades whose eruption in May 1980 was the largest in the contiguous [kun-TIG-yoo-us] United States in recent history.
(MOUNT) SAINT HELENS
A man named Harry Truman stubbornly refused to leave his home, and died when this volcano erupted.
(MOUNT) SAINT HELENS
What name is given to the "snow-eating" winds that occur mainly in the Pacific Northwest, and can be responsible for dramatic temperature changes?
CHINOOK (WINDS)
The winds that give rise to it are sometimes known as the Pineapple Express, because they bring wet, warm air inland from the Pacific Ocean.
CHINOOK (WINDS)
This phenomenon's "arch" is the brilliantly colored band of clouds that have lost most of their moisture on the windward side of a mountain range such as the Rockies.
CHINOOK (WINDS)
What river forms the border between Texas and Mexico?
RIO GRANDE (Accept: RIO BRAVO (DEL NORTE))
Its tributaries include New Mexico's Red River and Chihuahua's Rio Conchos.
RIO GRANDE (Accept: RIO BRAVO (DEL NORTE))
This river begins in the San Juan Mountains and flows past Big Bend National Park before emptying into the Gulf of Mexico.
RIO GRANDE (Accept: RIO BRAVO (DEL NORTE))
AKA Rio Bravo
RIO GRANDE
What region, mainly in South Dakota, is home to Mount Rushmore?
BLACK HILLS
The part of this region in Wyoming is home to Devils Tower, which Theodore Roosevelt made the first national monument.
BLACK HILLS
What Colorado mountain is named after the American explorer Zebulon?
PIKES PEAK
It is composed of pink granite, and can be scaled in a car.
PIKES PEAK
Katharine Lee Bates is said to have written the words to "America the Beautiful" after climbing this mountain in the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains
PIKES PEAK
. What state's cities include Las Cruces, Roswell, and Albuquerque?
NEW MEXICO
Its extreme northwest is part of the Four Corners, and its highest point is Wheeler Peak.
NEW MEXICO
The 1932 and 1980 Winter Olympics were held in a town in this mountain range.
ADIRONDACK (MOUNTAINS) (Accept: ADIRONDACKS)
What mountain range has its two highest peaks at Mount Marcy and Algonquin Peak?
ADIRONDACK (MOUNTAINS) (Accept: ADIRONDACKS)
What mountain range, mainly located in the western U.S., is home to the continental divide?
ROCKY (MOUNTAIN RANGE) (Accept: ROCKIES)
The mountains in this range rise to over 14,000 feet above sea level, and its tallest peak is Mount Elbert.
ROCKY (MOUNTAIN RANGE) (Accept: ROCKIES)
This 3,000-mile-long mountain range is actually a collection of smaller ranges in the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico.
ROCKY (MOUNTAIN RANGE) (Accept: ROCKIES)
What flat-topped landforms take their name from the Spanish for "table"?
MESAS
Associated with the American Southwest, they are also exemplified by the Tepuis [TEH-pweez] of South America.
MESAS
What national park in New Mexico contains the Big Room, one of the largest cave chambers in the U.S.?
CARLSBAD CAVERNS (NATIONAL PARK)
One of the men who mined bat guano there, James Larkin White, began giving tours there, using kerosene lanterns.
CARLSBAD CAVERNS (NATIONAL PARK)
This national park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is near the base of the Guadalupe Mountains.
CARLSBAD CAVERNS (NATIONAL PARK)
This river rises in the Rocky Mountains near Leadville, Colorado, and flows by Wichita, Kansas, and Tulsa, Oklahoma. What river passes Pine Bluff and Little Rock before flowing into the Mississippi River?
ARKANSAS (RIVER)
Its official elevation was decreased by ten feet when it was measured in 2015, so it is now 20,310 feet tall. Identify the tallest mountain in the United States.
DENALI (Accept: (MOUNT) MCKINLEY)
Its names have included Bolshaya [bole-SHY-yah] Gora and Densmore's Mountain.
DENALI (Accept: (MOUNT) MCKINLEY)
President Obama officially changed this mountain's name.
DENALI (Accept: (MOUNT) MCKINLEY)
This river is mentioned in the chorus of a song by John Prine about a coal-mining town in Kentucky. What name is given to the river that rises in Lincoln County, and flows through Mammoth Cave National Park?
GREEN (RIVER)
Frederick Cook, is believed to have faked having made the first climb of this peak, in 1906, similar to his supposed discovery of the North Pole.
DENALI (Accept: (MOUNT) MCKINLEY)
, What is the most arid American desert, located in the Southwestern United States?
MOJAVE (DESERT)
and is known for its Joshua trees.
MOJAVE (DESERT)
It meets the Great Basin Desert in Zion National Park, and contains America's hottest location, Death Valley.
MOJAVE (DESERT)
This desert is bounded by the San Gabriel and San Bernardino mountain ranges
MOJAVE (DESERT)
Which river empties into the Chesapeake Bay after passing through the nation's capital?
POTOMAC [puh-TOH-muhk] (RIVER)
It runs a rough course through Mather Gorge, just north of Washington, D.C.
POTOMAC [puh-TOH-muhk] (RIVER)
This river meets the Shenandoah [shan-un-DOE-uh] River at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia.
POTOMAC [puh-TOH-muhk] (RIVER)
The capital city of what state was named in honor of the German chancellor at the time of its admission to the Union?
(BISMARCK) NORTH DAKOTA
Which city has an airport named Sky Harbor and a baseball team called the Diamondbacks?
PHOENIX
Philip Duppa, one of the founding fathers, named the city because he said it rose from the ashes of a former civilization.
PHOENIX
Name this governmental seat of the state where Ben & Jerry's ice cream and Bernie Sanders are from.
MONTPELIER [mont-PEEL-yer]
This is the least populous state capital in the United States. James Madison's estate in Virginia shares its name with this city.
MONTPELIER [mahnt-PEEL-yur]
Identify this city located along the Delaware River, the original capital of Pennsylvania.
PHILADELPHIA
Other departures from its original plan include its boundaries, which now stretch far past the original western boundary of the Schuylkill [SKOO-kul] River.
PHILADELPHIA
The original plan for this city called for five public squares to remain undeveloped, though the one located at Broad and Market Streets is now the site of City Hall.
PHILADELPHIA
What state, known for its loons, moose and lobster, has its capital at Augusta?
MAINE
This state has the ironically named West Quoddy Head, the easternmost point on the U.S. mainland.
MAINE
This state's highest point is Mount Katahdin [kuh-TAH-dun], which marks one end of the Appalachian Trail.
MAINE
It became an independent republic in 1836, and joined the Union in 1846, an event that helped start the Mexican War.
TEXAS
The area that became this state was explored by both the French and Spanish, who established a mission at Nacogdoches [nack-uh-DOH-chez] in 1716.
TEXAS
After being banished from Massachusetts, Anne Hutchinson settled in what became this state, and founded the settlement of Portsmouth.
RHODE ISLAND (AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS)
What Texas city on the Gulf of Mexico was devastated by a hurricane in 1900?
GALVESTON
The town site was laid out in 1834, and the city was briefly a national capital before the Battle of San Jacinto.
GALVESTON
A motel in the heart of the city was involved in a Supreme Court case that upheld the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Identify this city in Georgia.
ATLANTA
What inland sea lies between southeastern Europe and Asia Minor (Turkey) and is connected to the Mediterranean Sea.
Black Sea
What peninsula is located at the northwest corner of Europe and encloses the Baltic Sea? It contains the countries of Norway on the west and Sweden on the east.
Scandinavian
What Chinese river, known as China's Sorrow", flows into the Yellow Sea?
Huang Ho
What river flows through Rome?
Tiber
Name the second longest river in Africa.
Congo
What river flows through Vienna and Budapest and empties into the Black Sea? It is also a major river in Germany and is the second biggest river in Europe.
Danube