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World War 2 Key Terms
Terms in this set (47)
A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.
Accepting demands in order to avoid conflict
the alliance between Italy and Germany (Mussolini and Hitler)
treaty between Germany and Japan promising a common front against communism
Germany, Italy, Japan
The Third German Empire, established by Adolf Hitler in the 1930s.
Great British prime minister who advocated peace and a policy of appeasement
Because Danzig had a large German population, Hitler claimed it for Germany. After securing Austria and Czechoslovakia, Hitler intensified his campaign against Poland.
German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
The non-aggression pact was an agreement between Hitler and Stalin not to attack each other. This allowed for German victories in the west without worries of the east.
A "Chinese" attack on a Japanese railway near the city of Mukden (had actually been carried out by Japanese soldiers disguised as Chinese); used by Japan as an excuse to seize Manchuria
The agreement between the Communists and Nationalist in 1936 that they would become allies to defeat the Japanese.
(1937) the murder of as many as 300,000 Chinese men, women, and children by Japanese troops
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland in 1939
new French government formed that was pretty much an acceptance of defeat, formed by Petain, it was ruled by the Nazis who were progressively taking over Europe
Destroyers for Bases Agreement
Roosevelt's compromise for helping Britain as he could not sell Britain US destroyers without defying the Neutrality Act; Britain received 50 old but still serviceable US destroyers in exchange for giving the US the right to build military bases on British Islands in the Caribbean.
allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S
German Air Force
Battle of Britain
An aerial battle fought in World War II in 1940 between the German Luftwaffe (air force), which carried out extensive bombing in Britain, and the British Royal Air Force, which offered successful resistance.
Battle of Leningrad
In the Soviet Union, was a three year siege. 660,000 Soviets died of starvation and disease before Germans retreated. The battle was significant for the bravery of the Soviets against the Germans.
Base in hawaii that was bombed by japan on December 7, 1941, which eagered America to enter the war.
"Desert Fox"-May 1942; German and Italian armies were led by him and attacked British occupied Egypt and the Suez Canal for the second time; were defeated at the Battle of El Alamein; was moved to France to oversee the defenses before D-Day; tried to assassinate Hitler.
Battle of El Alamein
1942-British victory in WWII that stopped the Axis forces from advancing into Northern Africa
Battle of Stalingrad
Unsuccessful German attack on the city of Stalingrad during World War II from 1942 to 1943, that was the furthest extent of German advance into the Soviet Union.
Battle of Coral Sea
A battle between Japanese and American naval forces that stopped the Japanese advance on Australia.
Battle of Midway Island
A naval and air battle fought in World War II in which planes from American aircraft carriers blunted another assault on Hawaii and did enough damage to halt the Japanese advance. Was a major turning point in the war against Japan.
A military strategy used during World War II that involved selectively attacking specific enemy-held islands and bypassing others
American general, who commanded allied troops in the Pacific during World War II.
ships that accommodate the taking off and landing of airplanes, and transport aircraft
Allied invasion of France on June 6, 1944
Battle of the Bulge
December, 1944-January, 1945 - After recapturing France, the Allied advance became stalled along the German border. In the winter of 1944, Germany staged a massive counterattack in Belgium and Luxembourg which pushed a 30 mile "bulge" into the Allied lines. The Allies stopped the German advance and threw them back across the Rhine with heavy losses.
Battle of Kursk
German forces are soundly defeated by the Soviets, greatest tank battle of WWII
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II.
German city ferociously firebombed by the Allies from February 13 to 15, 1945
allies during WWII; Soviet Union - Stalin, United Kingdom - Churchill, United States - Roosevelt
First major meeting between the Big Three (United States, Britain, Russia) at which they planned the 1944 assault on France and agreed to divide Germany into zones of occupation after the war
1945 Meeting with US president FDR, British Prime Minister(PM) Winston Churchill, and and Soviet Leader Stalin during WWII to plan for post-war
July 26, 1945 - Allied leaders Truman, Stalin and Churchill met in Germany to set up zones of control and to inform the Japanese that if they refused to surrender at once, they would face total destruction.
an area in western Czechoslovakia that was coveted by Hitler
A bombing technique that destroys a target through the use of fire; instead of a large blast from bombs incendiary devices are used to cause damage. One of many techniques used during WW2 to cause mass murder and destruction
University in England that was started by students from Paris
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
'My Struggle' by hitler, later became the basic book of nazi goals and ideology, reflected obsession
Rosie the Riveter
A propaganda character designed to increase production of female workers in the factories. It became a rallying symbol for women to do their part.
1935 laws defining the status of Jews and withdrawing citizenship from persons of non-German blood.
(Night of the Broken Glass) November 9, 1938, when mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews.
Sections of towns and cities in which Jews were forced to live.
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