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APHUG CH 9
Terms in this set (31)
region adjacent to every town and city within which its influence is dominant
in model urban hierarchy, the idea that the population of a city or town will be inversely proportional to its rank in the hierarchy
central place theory (Christaller)
theory proposed by Walter Christaller that explains how and where central places in the urban hierarchy should be functionally and spatially distributed with respect to one another
sunbelt phenomenon (Ford)
Sunbelt phenomenon the movement of millions of Americans from northern and northeastern States to the South and Southwest regions(Sunbelt) of the United States
division of a city into different regions or zones for certain purposes or functions
area of a city with a relatively uniform land use
central business district (CBD)
the downtown heart of a central city, the Central Business District is marked by high land values, a concentration of business and commerce, and the clustering of the tallest buildings
the urban area that is not suburban; generally, the older or original city that is surrounded by newer suburbs
a subsidiary urban area surrounding and connected to the central city. Many are exclusively residential; others have their own commercial centers or shopping malls
movement of upper and middle-class people from urban core areas to the surrounding outskirts to escape pollution as well as deteriorating social conditions (perceived and actual). In North America, the process began in the early nineteenth century and became a mass phenomenon by the second half of the twentieth century
Concentric zone model (Burgess)
a structural model of the American central city that suggests the existence of five concentric land-use rights arranged around a common center
A term introduced by American Journalist Joel Garreau in order to describe the shifting focus of urbanization in the US away from the CBD toward new loci of economic activity at the urban fringe. These cities are characterized by extensive amounts of office and retail space, few residential areas, and modern buildings.
A spatial generalization of the large, late-twentieth-century city in the United States. It is shown to be a widely dispersed, multicentered metropolis consisting of increasingly independent zones or realms, each focused on its own suburban downtown; the only exception is the shrunken central realm, which is focused on the Central Business District (CBD).
Combines elements of Latin American Culture and globalization by combining radial sectors and concentric zones. Includes a thriving CBD with a commercial spine. The quality of houses decreases as one moves outward away from the CBD, and the areas of worse housing occurs in the Disamenity sectors.
The very poorest parts of cities that in extreme cases are not even connected to regular city services and are controlled by gangs or drug lords.
developed by geographer T.G. McGee, a model showing similar land-use patterns among the medium-sized cities of Southeast Asia
unplanned slum development on the margins of cities, dominated by crude dwellings and shelters made mostly of scrap wood, iron, and even pieces of cardboard
legal restrictions on land use that determine what types of building and economic activities are allowed to take place in certain areas. In the U.S., areas are most commonly divided into separate zones of residential, retail, or industrial use
a discriminatory real estate practice in North America in which members of minority groups are prevented from obtaining money to purchase homes or property in predominantly white neighborhoods. The practice derived its name from the red lines depicted on cadastral maps used by real estate agents and developers. Today, redlining is officially illegal
rapid change in the racial composition of residential blocks in American cities that occurs when real estate agents and others stir up fears of neighborhood decline after encouraging people of color to move to previously white neighborhoods. In the resulting outmigration, real estate agents profit through the turnover of properties
the transformation of an area of a city into an area attractive to residents and tourists alike in terms of economic activity
the rehabilitation of deteriorated, often abandoned, housing of low-income inner-city residents
Homes bought in many American suburbs with the intent of tearing them down and replacing them with much larger homes often referred to as McMansions.
Homes referred to as such because of their "super size" and similarity in appearance to other such homes; homes often built in place of tear-downs in American suburbs.
unrestricted growth in many American urban areas of housing, commercial development, and roads over large expanses of land, with little concern for urban planning
Outlined by a group of architects, urban planners, and developers from over 20 countries, an urban design that calls for development, urban revitalization, and suburban reforms that create walkable neighborhoods with a diversity of housing and jobs.
restricted neighborhoods or subdivisions, often literally fenced in, where entry is limited to residents and their guests. Although predominantly high-income based, in North America gated communities are increasingly a middle-class phenomenon
Economic activity that is neither taxed nor monitored by a government; and is not included in that government's Gross National Product; as opposed to a formal economy
Dominant city in terms of its role in the global political economy. Not the world's biggest city in terms of population or industrial output, but rather centers of strategic control of the world economy.
a country's largest city- ranking atop the urban hierarchy- most expressive of the national culture and usually (but not always) the capital city as well
spaces of consumption
areas of a city, the main purpose of which to encourage people to consume goods and services; driven primarily by the global media industry
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