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What chemical group is fat part of and what does that group include
lipids, and includes fats (aka triglycerides - 98 percent of lipin in our food and body), phospholipids, and sterols
What do fats do to cell membranes
Give them flexibility and integrity, and regulate the transfer of nutrients
Functions of fat in body
storage form of energy (adipose tissue), cushions kidneys and heart, protects orans and insulates them (temperature regulation)
What happens to excess calories from carbohydrate and protein
some is converted to glycogen and then the rest incorporated into triglyceridea nd stored as fat in adipose tissue
What does regular consumption of omega 3 fatty acids protect again
heart attack, irregular heart beat ,sudden heath, plaque formation in arteries, high blood pressure, stroke
What was the date that marked when trans fat needed to be included on nutrition panel
January 1, 2006
fat replacer, heat stable, caloric reduction helper, not digested or absorbed by body, different configuration from triglycerides
Risk factors for Cononary Artery Disease
smoking, sedentary lifestyle, stress, diabetes, elevated cholesterol, hypertension, obesity, age, family history, gender (male)
What happens with elevated levels of LDL
injured arteries, and increased plaque formation/progression of coronary heart disease
What does HDL do
playa role in transporting cholesterol away from arterial walls, REDUCED risk for heart disease
WHat is the current recommended cholesterol intake and what should it be
250 mg, should be less than 200 mg
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