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New Nation Study Guide
Terms in this set (64)
act or decision that sets an example for others to follow
Judicary Act of 1789
established a federal court system
actions that a nation takes in relation to other nations
stated that the United States would not take sides with any European countries that were at war
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
behavior that promotes rebellion or civil disorder against the state
Idea that government should play as small a role as possible in economic affairs.
the total amount of money that a country's government owes
A 1797 incident in which French officials demanded a bribe from U.S. diplomats
Marbury v. Madison
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
agreement between the united states and spain that changed floridas border and made it easier for american ships to use the port of new orleans
practice of forcing people into military service
Loyalty to one's own region of the country, rather than to the nation as a whole
Those who were eager for war with Britain
(1807) a law that prohibited American merchants from trading with other countries
An 1809 law that allowed Americans to carry on trade with all nations except Britain and France
Treaty of Ghent
Ended the War of 1812
Gibbons v. Ogden
Regulating interstate commerce is a power reserved to the federal government
McCulloch v. Maryland
Maryland was trying to tax the national bank and Supreme Court ruled that federal law was stronger than the state law
President during the War of 1812; reopened trade as long as Britian and France stopped seizing ships
War Hawk leader from Kentucky; Great Compermiser; skilles orater, lawyer, and senator; supported the war of 1812; supported a strong federal gov't; wanted a compermise on slavery; showed a concern for country's ecenomics; against tariff but willing to compermise; the west spokesperson
Skilled orater, lawyer, and senator; opposed the war of 1812; supportes a strong federal governemnt; wanted slavery abolished; showed concern for the country's economy; pro tariffs; the north spokesperson
War hark leader from Tennessee who gained fame by winning the battle of New Orleans
John C. Calhoun
Skilled orater, lawyer, senator; supportes the war of 1812; opposed a strong federal gov't; strong supporter of slavery; against tariffs; the south spokesperson
What is the national debt?
It is a total sum of money that a government owes to others (question)
What was Hamilton's Financial plan?
Assume all debt, National debt, Whiskey tax, issue new bonds
What was Hamilton's idea for dealing with state debt?
For the government to assume all state debts and put it into ome big sum
How did the U.S. borrow money during the revolution?
1. From foreign nations 2. From ordinary citizens 3. By issuing bonds
What is a tariff?
tax on imports
How do tariffs protect domestic manufactering?
They allow American manufacteres to grow and compete
Why did speculators make money of the bonds they purchased?
The baught a bond for less than it was worth and made a profit after
Why does Hamilton want to pay off the debts no matter what?
So the U.S. can borrow money in the future
Why did the central government place a tax on Whiskey?
It was a part of Hamilton's Financial plan
What did the whiskey tax do?
Placed a tax on Whiskey as apart of the financial plan however it left smaller liquor manufacters paying more than the larger ones
Who was most affected by the Whiskey Tax?
What was the government's response to the Whiskey Rebellion?
Washington had called up the militia and dispatched them to Pennsylvania
Why was the governemnts response to the Whiskey Rebellion so important?
It tested the will of the new government and showed Americans that their government would act firmly in times of crisis
Why was Washington's precidency so significant?
It set precedents
What is foreign policy?
a nation's plan of action toward other nations
What is George Washington's foreign policy?
He wanted to remain neutral in all foreign affairs
Describe the Federalists
Wealthy and educated should have polotical power, pro British, loose intrepretation of the Constituion, strong Federal government, emphasize manufactering, shipping, and trade, favored the tariff, favored the national bank
Describe the Democratic Republicans
People should have polotical power, pro French, strict intrepretation of the Constituion, strong state government, emphasize argiculture, against the tariff, against the national bank
What are the Alien and Sedition Acts?
Alien: President could deport any "dangerous" foreigns out of the country; Sedition: President could jail anyone who said or wrote anything false or malicious about the government or its officals also made the waiting period to become a U.S. citizen 14 years
Who was affected by the Alien and Sedition Acts?
How did the Alien and Sedition Acts change the power of the Federal Government?
It gave the federal government the power to deny citizens rights
What was the XYZ affair?
It was an effort by the French to get the United States to pay a bribe before they would negotiate. (Question)
What was Adams' response to the French seizing ships during the XYZ affair?
He built navy frigates
What is Jefferson's stance on state government v. federal government?
The federal government should have the least to do in ecenomic affairs
What does Lassiez Faire mean?
"Let do" meaning letting the people do as they please
What does lassiez faire mean to America?
Free compition would benefit everyone, not just the wealthy
How does the idea of lassiez faire government/economy affect the federal government?
The government should play as small a role as possible in ecenomic affairs
What was Thomas Jefferson's foreign policy (Embargo Act)?
American ships were being attacked so he banned all foreign trade (nonintercourse was set in place in 1809)
How did Thomas Jefferson deal with the Barbary states?
States paid a year.y tribute, or bribe, to the rulers of the Barbary states
What were the 3 goals of the Lewis and Clark expidition?
1. Map the land 2. Make relations with the Native Americans 3. Map resources and waterways
What was the Mississippi River's importance?
It gave a different way home so they could map more territory
Why is the Marbury v. Madison case so important?
It established judicial review
Causes of the War of 1812?
1. British were impressing American sailors 2. British were giving Native Americans weapons
What are the regions of the U.S. that supported the War of 1812?
The west and the south
Why was preparing for the War of 1812 difficult?
1. Kefferson had reduced spending on defense 2. Army was small and ill equipted 3. Many officers knew little about warfare
Why was sectionalism becoming an issue?
People were more loyal to their "section" rather than the nation as a whole
How did sectionalism start?
While conflict between political parties declined, disputes between different sections sharpened
What is the Monroe Doctrine?
The U.S would oppose any attempt to reclaim old colonies or new ones in the new world
Why is the Monroe Doctrine important?
Showed that the U.S. was determined to keep European powers out of the Western Hemisphere
Who are the sectionalist leaders?
John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay, & Daniel Webster
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