History of the Civil Rights

Terms in this set (141)

most important result of 1962-1963 Birmingham movement; signed into effect by Lyndon B. Johnson; (saw civil rights as a moral and put everything on the line for this bill); centerpiece of anti-discrimination legislation; composed of 11 Titles; last minute addition of gender to the bill was added by VA senator Howard Smith to halt its passage (was unsuccessful in this regard); effectively abolished Jim Crow system in the South; it also completely changes party lines in the South (as the Whit South goes completely Republican)
a. Title I- enforces constitutional right to vote, bars unequal opposition to vote, doesn't abolish literacy tests or poll taxes
b. Title II- outlaws discrimination in places of public associations such as hotels and restaurants; did not apply to private buildings, but it also didn't define 'private'
i. Injunctive relief was given to the Attorney General. This mean he could bring a suit against a place not abiding by this.
c. Title III- forces schools to desegregate
i. Attorney General is given authority to enforce it (one way in which the Department of Justice gains lots of power)
d. Title IV- makes federal facilities desegregated
i. Federal government was given the authority to 1) sue agencies within federal government buildings and 2)withhold funds from these agencies
e. Title V-extended life of the Civil Rights Commission which was created with the 1957 Civil Rights Act
f. Title VI- prevents discrimination by government agencies that receive federal funding
g. Title VII- creates EEOC (Equal Employment Opportunity Commission)
i. Ex. Affirmative action