Ethics Chapter 7
Terms in this set (...)
"poverty-related causes" of death
starvation or malnutrition, diseases preventable by basic health care and sanitation Communicable diseases, maternal and perinatal conditions and nutritional deficiencies
Singer's Utilitarian Approach
Moral duty to give to the poor
"duty of justice" NOT "duty of charity"
2 Reason for Singer's Utilitarian Approach
"Suffering and death from lack of food, shelter and medical care are bad."
"If it is in our power to prevent something bad from happening, without thereby sacrificing anything of comparable moral importance, we ought, morally, to do it."
Singer 2 conclusions
Proximity or distance are morally insignificant.
The number of people who could perform the saving action is morally insignificant.
Moral Duty to Give
O'Neill's Kantian Approach
Theory of Obligation NOT charity
Absolute requirement NOT benevolence
A Right a person has always focuses on another person's obligation to provide or abstain from something
Focus on obligation of the "HAVES"
Principle of Justice: Non-Coercion
The rich have the upper hand leading to coercion
To Prevent: Focus on
The Rights of the Poor
Duties of the Rich
Obligations of Institutions
Pogge's Cosmopolitan & Negative-Rights Approach
Not to Help the global Poor Violates Duty not to Harm (Negative Moral Duty)
Our negative duty = to stop bringing about the injustice
Responsible because of our Actions not our inaction
Caused by the Rich (international order)
Unstable, brutal, corrupt regimes of poorer & developing countries??
Duty to aid the poor
Singer, Pogge, O'Neil
AID can be:
Ethics Chapter 8
American Government Midterm