Degenerative neurological disease Tremors, rigid muscles, impaired balance, and possibly dementia. Involves lack of dopamine in brain.
Common sleep patterns in older adults
Shorter stage 3 and 4 Take longer to fall asleep Easily roused by noise
Symptoms of sleep disturbances
Confusion, decreased memory, morning headaches
Assessing older adult re sleep
dietary intake and medication schedules, key points about environment during sleep hours, sleep routines (any sleep aids?)
Meds sleep aids
benadryl, ambien, restoril
1: drowsy 2-4: Nrem 5: REM
Tests to assess sleep quality
Epworth sleepiness scale and ?
Biological theories of aging
Free Radical theory Wear and tear theory Neuroendocrine/Neurochemical theories (exposure to environmental hazards, carcinogens, uv, trauma, infection) Programmed longevity Immunological theory
Socio/psychological theories of aging
Disengagement theory: "It's good to make way for the younguns" Activity theory: Havighurst, deny limitations of age as long as possible, "I'm not THAT old!" Continuity theory: Latter part of life is continuation of earlier. Prevailing theory today.