Terms in this set (35)
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President of the US during Great Depression and World War II
Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy.
A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns.
Emperor of Japan during WWII
Communist dictator of the Soviet Union
Battle of Iwo Jima
lasted 6 weeks, several thousand marines died, and around 20,000 Japanese soldiers were killed. This island was used to store B-29 Bomber planes once the Allies took over.
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.
Invasion of Poland 1939
Germans invaded Poland, which resulted in Britain and France declaring war.
Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
This was the final event of World War II. The U.S. dropped two atomic bombs on Japan. Japan surrendered soon after.
Axis Powers (WWII)
Germany, Italy, Japan
Allied Powers (WWII)
Great Britain, France, Russia, and later the US
wife of Franklin Roosevelt and a strong advocate of human rights who played a huge role in the creation of the UN
African American squadron that escorted bombers in the air war over Europe during World War II
Rosie the Riveter
A propaganda character designed to increase production of female workers in the factories.
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews and others who were deemed "undesirable"
Sections of towns and cities in which Jews were forced to live.
prison camps used under the rule of Hitler in Nazi Germany. Conditions were inhuman, and prisoners, mostly Jewish people, were generally starved or worked to death, or killed immediately.
the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation.
League of Nations
A world organization established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace. It was first proposed in 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson, although the United States never joined the League. Essentially powerless, it was officially dissolved in 1946.
An international organization formed after WWII to promote international peace, security, and cooperation.
whatever must be GIVEN UP to obtain some item
A limited amount of food or goods
Harry S. Truman (1945-1953)
President of the U.S. during the end of WWII who ordered the use of atomic bombs against Japan.
policy of strong nations controlling weaker ones
the belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests.
A policy of accepting demands in the hopes of avoiding war. (Example: Britain making concessions to Adolf Hitler.)
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt someone
agreements between nations to support and protect one another
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty that blamed Germany for WWI and forced them to pay reparations. This is also believed to be one of the causes of WWII.
Examples of Rationing during WWII
Sugar, Butter, Oil, & Rubber
A person who purchases goods and services for personal use
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