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Terms in this set (48)
What did nobles and monarchs marry for?
What theory states that monarchs are chosen by God, and are only accountable to him?
Divine Rights Theory
When did the Age of Absolutism occur?
16th-18th century (1589-1725)
Central European (Austria, Poland, Germany) dynasty that dominated the area from 1400 to 1900
Person with complete authority over the government and the lives of the people
Ruler of Habsburg Empire until he gave up the throne to join the monastery
King Charles V
King Phillip II of Spain saw himself as the guardian of
the Catholic Church
What was King Louis' stance on religion?
believed that religious unity would make France more powerful. France became a Catholic state and revoked the Edict of Nantes. "One king, one law, one faith"
Miguel de Cervantes
wrote Don Quixote, which described a comical man lusting for power much like the absolute monarchs during this time.
King Henry IV of France issued
Edict of Nantes, granted Huguenots religious freedom
King Louis XIV took what as his symbol of absolute power?
the sun (Apollo)
the residence and seat of government of King Louis XIV
Who ruled France for 72 years?
King Louis XIV
Who strengthened France's central government and made people fearful of it?
Peter the Great's attempt to bring European culture to Russia is known as
Who became emperor of the Hapsburg dynasty by winning the Austrian War of Succession?
Maria Theresa, led to Pragmatic Sanction
Russia's "window to the West" is known as
What was Frederick the Great Elector's policy with his nobles?
He managed to get the Junkers to accept taxation without their consent and in return reconfirmed their privileges like their authority over serfs.
What was the Soldier King's military policy?
? He enlisted Junkers in the military to become the officer caste, lifelong conscription
Serfdom was consolidated and strengthened it what two states?
Prussia and Russia
What did Peter the Great desire the most?
westernization of Russia and absolute power
Absolute rule consisted of control of what?
power over a sovereign state and its people that is not subject to change
What were the similarities between Peter the great and Louis XIV?
absolute monarchs, implemented heavy taxes, built luxurious centers of government and had nobles live there (Versailles and St. Petersburg), built up military and fought in many battles, self-sufficient economies and industries, supported foreigners coming to enhance industry, weakened nobility
How did Frederick the Great Elector obtain Power?
Helped the HRE and became one of the 7 electors in the provinces
What was the treaty that ended the War of Spanish Succession?
Peace of Utrecht
What is France's "Moral Economy"?
When prices rose, food riots broke out in urban areas as well as the countryside. Bakeries were looted & grain in transport was "liberated." These actions were often led by women who as mothers acted with impunity. Mothers stealing bread to feed family.
Who fought in the Great Northern War?
Russia allied with Poland and Denmark to fight Sweden.
Jules Mazarin struggled to increase royal revenues to meet the costs of war, which led to the uprisings of 1648-1653. The violent uprisings were caused by increased royal control and taxation under Louis XIV
nobility of Brandenburg and Prussia and
Defenestration of Prague - Two Catholic diplomats met with Bohemian Protestants. The Protestants response was to throw the two diplomats out of the window of Prague Castle, capital of Bohemia
peasants who fled the west to the newly-conquered Muscovite territories in the
east formed free groups and outlaw armies. Government responded by increasing serfdom in Russia
members of the old aristocracy in Russia, next in rank to a prince. The boyars of Muscovy formed a closed class that surrounded the throne of the grand prince and ruled the country with him
Ivan the Terrible
was the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 until 1547 then the Tsar of Russia until 1584. He completed the unification of Russian lands and consolidated Muscovite rule. He acquired vast amounts of land through violent means. First with title of czar, militarism
Peter the Great
tsar of Russia from 1682 until 1725. He reformed the domestic structure of Russia to westernize it, created St. Petersburg, part of Romanov dynasty
Ivan the Great
ended Mongol domination of Muscovy, established himself as hereditary ruler of Muscovy, desired to make Moscow the next center of the Orthodox Church, became the head of the church, struggled with boyars for power and eventually decreased their power.
Sun King, reigned in France from 1642-1715 and was the last Bourbon monarch. He decided to rule without a chief minister after Mazarin's death because he believed he was the direct representative of God and had the divine right to wield with absolute power. He built the palace of Versailles to have control over all policy-making.
Jean Baptiste Colbert
served as the Minister of Finances under King Louis XIV. He supported mercantilism and made France self-sufficient, used tariffs.
electors of Brandenburg and Prussia, first among equals, dukes of Prussia
what was the sandbox of Prussia
Brandenburg because there was no sea port
order of Prussian monarchs
Frederick William "the Great Elector," King Frederick I, Frederick William I "the Soldier King," Frederick II "the Great"
The Great elector
tried to unite Brandenburg, Prussia and scattered holdings around the Rhine; managed to get Junkers to accept taxation without consent and reconfirmed their privileges
King Frederick I
weak ruler, copied Louis XIV's court, crowned king by Habsburg for helping in war of Spanish Succession
The Soldier King
big on militarism, enlisted Junkers into military as officer caste, erased local self-government, Prussia hd 4th largest army in Europe
Internationally recruited regiment of tall soldiers
Frederick the Great
enlightened absolutist, single code of law for all territories, rulers should be first servants of the state, too dependent nobles to free serfs
order of Russian monarchs
Ivan the Great, Ivan the Terrible, Michael Romanov, Peter the Great
of the Orthodox Church resisted influx of new religious sects from the west
France's war with Spain
Treaty of Pyrenees, France gains land, Louis XIV marries Maria Theresa
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