American History Ch 9 Vocabulary Test
Terms in this set (39)
Enough to fill a need
16th president of the United States; helped preserve the United States by leading the defeat of the secessionist Confederacy; an outspoken opponent of the expansion of slavery.
In the election of 1864
Lincoln vs. McClellan, Lincoln wants to unite North and South, McClellan wants war to end if he's elected, citizens of North are sick of war so many vote for McClellan, Lincoln wins
General Ambrose Burnside
Union general who replaced McClellan; resigned his command voluntarily after his failure at the battle of Fredricksburg.
Southern prison of war camp which treated Union soldiers so harshly that an average of 100 died each day. The commander of this camp, Henry Wirz, was the only Confederate tried and executed for war crimes after the war's end.
Battle of Cold Harbor
the final battle of Union Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's 1864 Overland Campaign, fought on May 22, 1864, during the American Civil War, is remembered as one of American history's bloodiest, most lopsided battles. Thousands of Union soldiers were slaughtered in a hopeless frontal assault against the fortified troops.It was also one of Grant's biggest mistakes.
Admiral of the Union Navy during the Civil War. Led the daring attack on New Orleans the led to the Union's control of the Mississippi River. Said "damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead."
Battle of Chattanooga
Union victory in eastern Tennessee on November 23-25, 1863; gave the North control of important rail lines and cleared the way for General William T. Sherman's march into Georgia.
Name given to paper money issued by the government during the Civil War, so called because the back side was printed with green ink.
Battle of Vicksburg, Mississippi
1863, Union gains control of Mississippi, confederacy split in two, Grant takes lead of Union armies, total war begins
Union war plan by Winfield Scott, called for blockade of southern coast, capture of Richmond, capture Mississippi R, and to take an army through heart of south
A military draft
Lincoln's first choice for commander of the Union forces/ he prepared the men well, but he would never attack. Too cautious.
Constitutional protection against unlawful imprisonment
Robert E. Lee
Confederate general who had opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together by force
a wearing down over time
General Ulysses S Grant
Northern commanding general who brought an end to the war. Lincoln trusted him with everything. Lincoln said of him, "He fights."
Military hero of the Mexican War who became the Whigs' last presidential candidate in 1852
President of the Confederate States of America
General Robert E Lee
Commander of Confederate Army. Great leader, Lincoln wanted him as the leader of the Union Army
First Battle of Bull Run
First major battle of the Civil War, in which untrained Northern troops and civilian picnickers fled back to Washington. This battle helped boost Southern morale and made the North realize that this would be a long war.
General Stonewall Jackson
He was one of the South's greatest generals during the Civil War. Pious and uncommunicative, he possessed an uncanny, almost intuitive grasp of Gen. Robert E. Lee's orders. He was killed at the Battle of Chancellorsville (1863) when he was accidentally shot by one of his own soldiers. His untimely death in 1863 undoubtedly hastened the Confederacy's downfall.
One of the most important confederate generals, who worked closely with Robert E. Lee. He disagreed with Lee on Pickett's charge, but reluctantly gave the order to go ahead with it.
General William T Sherman
Union general who captured Atlanta, Georgia, then marched through Georgia to the sea, burning and destroying everything on the way
Battle of Shiloh
an 1862 Civil War battle in Tennessee that ended in a Union victory
Seven Days Battle
Week-long fighting in which Confederates turned back the Union effort to take Richmond
Battle of Antietam
Civil War battle in which the North suceedeed in halting Lee's Confederate forces in Maryland. Was the bloodiest battle of the war resulting in 25,000 casualties
Battle of Fredericksburg
Decisive victory in Virginia for Confederate Robert E. Lee, who successfully repelled a Union attack on his lines.
Proclamation issued by Lincoln, freeing all slaves in areas still at war with the Union.
The Peninsula Campaign
Union General George B. McClellan's failed effort to seize Richmond, the Confederate Capital. Had McClellan taken Richmond and toppled the Confederacy, slavery would have most likely survived in the South for some time.
Battle of Gettysburg
Turning point of the War that made it clear the North would win. 50,000 people died, and the South lost its chance to invade the North. The South would never come as close again to its goal of capturing Washington, D.C.
people who sneaked goods through during the Civil War
legal tender act of 1862
A currency backed only by the federal government's word. It allowed the government to print greenbacks and inflate the pool of available currency without having to have an equivalent amount of gold and silver.
Ex-slave abolitionist; created "North Star" abolitionist paper
Bold attempt by the South to capture high ground during the Battle of Gettysburg. Failed, huge loss of lives for the South.
General of the Union army; surrounded and defeated Lee at Gettysburg. Failed to chase and capture Lee. Lincoln fired him.
a hard biscuit made of wheat flour
Union victory, last port needed to complete naval blockade of all southern ports.
money given as a reward, such as to encourage enlistment in the army