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Terms in this set (26)
fallacy that uses misleading or unrelated evidence to support a conclusion
fallacy that tries to frighten people into agreeing with the arguer by threatening them or predicting unrealistically dire consequences
fallacy that encourages an audience to agree with the writer because everyone else is doing so.
a fallacy that suggests one thing will lead to another, oftentimes with disastrous results.
a fallacy that asks audiences to agree with the assertion of a writer based simply on his or her character or the authority of another person or institution who may not be fully qualified to offer that assertion
a fallacy that attacks a person's character rather than a person's reasoning
a fallacy that sets up and often dismantles easily refutable arguments in order to misrepresent an opponents argument in order to defeat him or her.
a fallacy that draws conclusions from scanty evidence
Faulty Casualty (Post Hoc)
a fallacy with arguments that confuse chronology with causation: one event can occur after another without being caused by it
a fallacy that does not logically relate to what comes before it. An important logical step may be missing in such a claim.
begging the question
a fallacy that occurs when a writer simply restates the claim in a different way; such an argument is circular.
a fallacy that is an inaccurate, inappropriate, or misleading comparison between two things.
A fallacy of oversimplification that offers a limited number of options (usually two) when in fact more options are available.
Red Herring Example
The Painting is worthless because I don't recognize the artist.
Scare tactics example
If you don't support the tax plan, you will be reduced to crippling poverty.
bandwagon appeal example
Paris Hilton has a Louis Vuitton and carries her dog in her purse so you should do the same thing.
Slippery Slope Example
If you get a B in high school, you won't get into the college of your choice, and therefore will never have a meaningful career.
False Authority Example
My high school teacher said it, so it must be true
Ad Hominem example
the community park should not be renovated because its biggest supporter was just arrested during a domestic dispute
A: we need to regulate access to handguns
B: My opponent believes that we should ignore the rights guaranteed to us as citizens of the US by the constitution. Unlike my opponent, I am a firm believed in the Constitution and a proponent of freedom.
Hasty Generalization Example
I wouldn't eat at that restaurant-- the one time I ate there the entree was undercooked.
Faulty Causality example
A year after the new hot shooter game "GTA V" came out, incidents of violence have risen-surely not a coincidence.
Non Sequitur example
If those protestors really loved their country, they wouldn't question the government.
Begging the Question example
His lies are evident from the untruthful nature of his statements.
faulty analogy example
letting prisoners out on early release is like absolving them of their crimes.
False Dilemma example
You either love God or you hate God.
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