16 terms

Vertebrae

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Spinous process
Dorsal
Body
Ventral
Vertebral canal
Canal thru which spinal cord passes
Articular processes
Middle, smooth, one caudal and one rostral
Transverse processes
Where muscles attach
Horse vertebral formula
C7 T17-18 L6 S5 -- Anticlinal point is T16 (spinous process points forward rather than caudal)
cow vertebral formula
C7 T13 L6 S5 - Anticlinal is T13
Sheep vertebral formula
C7 T13 L6-7 S4 - Anticlinal is T13
Pig vertebral formula
C7 T14-15 L6-7 S4 - anticlinal is T12
dog/cat vertebral formula
C7 T13 L7 S3 - anticlinal T10-T11
cervical vertebrae
C1-C7, Atlas is first (supports head to allow nodding, wing-like, no spinous process), axis is second (allows movement like shaking head, scoop)
thoracic vertebrae
Prominent spinous processes, form "withers" of horse, measuring point
lumbar vertebrae
transverse processes very wide
Sacral
fused
caudal (coccygeal) vertebrae
the vertebrae of the tail in which the number is highly variable among species
Spinous process
Dorsal