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moving a body part away from the midline.


moving a body part toward the midline.

Cardiac muscle

form the walls of the heart and contract to circulate blood.

Contract .

to shorten, decrease in size, or draw together


tightening or shortening of the muscle


allows muscles to return to its original shape after it has contracted

muscular system

bundles of muscle fibers held together by connective tissue


increasing the angle between two bones or straightening a body part.


fibrous membrane covering, supporting and separating muscle.

Flexion part.

decreasing the angle between two bones or bending a body


end or area of a muscle that moves when muscle contracts.


independent action

Muscle tone

state of partial muscle contraction providing as state of readiness to act.


end or area of muscle that remains stationary when muscle


a circular motion that turns a body part on its axis

Skeletal muscle

attached to bones and cause body movement.


fibrous connective tissue that connects muscles to bones.

Visercal (smooth) muscle -

are found in internal organs of the body such as the digestive system, respiratory system, blood vessels and eyes.




when muscle fibers are stimulated by nerves, they contract or become short and thick.


moving in a circle at a joint. Moving one end of a body part in a circle while the other end remains stationary; swinging the arm in a circle.


excessive straightening of a body part.


turning a body part downward (turning palm down)


turning a body part upward (turning palm up)


touching each of the fingers with the tip of the thumb.


turning a body part inward.


turning a body part outward.


bending backward (bending the foot toward the knee)

Plantar flexion

bending forward (straightening the foot away from the knee)

Radial deviation

moving toward the thumb side of the hand.

Ulnar deviation

moving toward the little finger side of the hand.

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