25 terms

law

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Napoleonic Code
bias of civil law in quebec
Bill
proposed law, first step in enacting statute
case law
collection of court decisions for future references
civil law
another term for private law
codification
process of organizing laws in numbered volumes by topic
Minister of Public Safety
Cabinet Minister responsible for penitentiaries, RCMP, and CSIS
Criminal Law
Laws passed by the federal government which prohibit certain actions
Constitutional Law
Laws that deal with the powers of government
Canon Law
Laws developed by the Roman Catholic Church
ultra vires
Law that is unconstitutional because it is beyond the power of the government that passed it
substantive law
A set of rules of conduct, established by government, for all members of society to follow.
statute law
Written law enacted by government
precedent
Rule of law that like cases must be decided alike
judicial independence
Liberty of judges to decide the cases before them without interference
law
System based upon the customs of the English-speaking people
Procedural Law
Laws dealing with protecting and enforcing substantive law
Attorney General
Cabinet Minister responsible for public prosecution of criminals
British Common Law
Law based on common court decisions
Justinian's Code
Roman law written by the Emperor Justininan
Retribution
Concept of law emphasizing "getting even
Mosaic Law
Laws coming from the 10 Commandments
Rule of Law
All disputes will be settled by peaceful means, and no person is above the law.
Hammurabi's Code
Oldest known written laws
habeas corpus
The right of every person who has been detained or arrested to have a court hearing to determine if the detention is legal
Restitution
pay in compensation for loss or injury